THRESKIORNITHIDAE,Threskiornithinae:Threskiornine Ibises and Spoonbills
Japanese Crested Ibis
Japanese White Ibis
Oriental Crested Ibis
$Pseudibis gigantea Steinbacher,1979,in Mayr & Cottrell(eds.),Checklist of the Birds of the World,2nd ed.,1,p.265.
lakes,ponds among wooded hills,paddy fields.Almost extinct.
"Surviving population in China starts late February to early March,with laying from mid-March to early April." (HBW,1, p. 496)
Populations of Central China are sedentary. Former populations of Siberia,Manchuria & north China wintered in southeast China in Guangdong and Hainan. In Japan,birds that bred in central Japan appeard sedentary,which birds that bred in south Hokkaido & northern Honshu migrated south in winter, with records as far south as Ryukyu Islands.