THRESKIORNITHIDAE,Threskiornithinae:Threskiornine Ibises and Spoonbills
<Tantalus cristatus Boddaert,1783,Table des Planches enluminéez d'histoire naturelle,de M.D'Aubenton,p.51;based on"Courly hupé,de Madagascar" of Daubenton,1770-83,pl.841.(Madagascar,ex Daubenton.)
open moist areas, cultivated fields,plains,rivers, coastal lagoons
"Often starts shortly after or during rains,but in flooded areas lays in dry season."(HBW,1,p.493)
Migrates several hundred kilometres north or south of equator to breeds in rains , those north of equator moving north towards Sahara, and those south the equor moving south.At the ends of the rains or early dry season,both groups return towards equator. Sixty birds ringed in South Africa were recovered Zambia (furthest distance 1336 km).