English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Somali Pigeon@ Columba oliviae Somalitaube Paloma Somalí
White-collared Pigeon Columba albitorques Weißringtaube Paloma Etíope
Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus Ringeltaube Paloma Torcaz
Trocaz Pigeon@ Columba trocaz Silberhalstaube Paloma de Madeira
Bolle's Pigeon@ Columba bollii Bolles Lorbeertaube Paloma Turqué
Laurel Pigeon@ Columba junoniae Lorbeertaube Paloma Rabiche
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta Kongotaube Paloma del Congo
Speckled Pigeon Columba guinea Guineataube Paloma de Guinea
Speckled Woodpigeon Columba hodgsonii Schwarzschnabel-Oliventaube Paloma de Hodgson
Cameroon Olive-Pigeon Columba sjostedti Rotschnabel-Oliventaube Paloma del Camerún
African Olive-Pigeon Columba arquatrix Oliventaube Paloma Ojigualda
Sao Tome Olive-Pigeon@ Columba thomensis Langschwanz-Oliventaube Paloma de Santo Tomé
White-naped Pigeon Columba albinucha Weißgenicktaube Paloma Nuquialba
Nilgiri Wood-Pigeon@ Columba elphinstonii Nilgiritaube Paloma de los Nilgiris
Ceylon Wood-Pigeon@ Columba torringtoni Ceylontaube Paloma de Ceilán
Ashy Wood-Pigeon Columba pulchricollis Himalayataube Paloma Cenicienta
Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea Kupfertaube Paloma Purpúrea
Andaman Woodpigeon@ Columba palumboides Andamanentaube Paloma de Andamán
Japanese Woodpigeon Columba janthina Veilchentaube Paloma Japonesa
Bonin Woodpigeon@+ Columba versicolor
Ryukyu Woodpigeon@+ Columba jouyi Silberbandtaube
Metallic Pigeon Columba vitiensis Weißwangentaube Paloma Gorgiblanca
Yellow-legged Pigeon Columba pallidiceps Gelbfußtaube Paloma Cabeciclara
White-headed Pigeon@ Columba leucomela Weißbrusttaube Paloma Blanquinegra
Silvery Pigeon Columba argentina Silbertaube Paloma Plateada
Comoros Olive-Pigeon@ Columba pollenii Komorentaube Paloma de las Comores
Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba delegorguei Bronzehalstaube Paloma de Delegorgue
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques Glanzkopftaube Paloma Nuquibronceada
Island Bronze-naped Pigeon@ Columba malherbii Malherbetaube Paloma de Malherbe
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota Schneetaube Paloma Nival
Hill Pigeon Columba rupestris Klippentaube Paloma Rupestre
Rock Pigeon Columba livia Felsentaube Paloma Bravía
Stock Pigeon Columba oenas Hohltaube Paloma Zurita
Pale-backed Pigeon Columba eversmanni Gelbaugentaube Paloma de Turquestán
Laughing Dove Spilopelia senegalensis Palmtaube Tórtola Senegalesa
Andaman Cuckoo-Dove@ Macropygia rufipennis Rotsteißtaube Tórtola-cuco de Andamán
Bar-tailed Cuckoo-Dove@ Macropygia nigrirostris Kastanientaube Tórtola-cuco Piquinegra
Mackinlay's Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia mackinlayi Mackinlaytaube Tórtola-cuco de Mackinlay
Great Cuckoo-Dove Reinwardtoena reinwardtsi Reinwardttaube Paloma Rabuda Papú
Pied Cuckoo-Dove@ Reinwardtoena browni Schwarztaube Paloma Rabuda de Nueva Bretaña
Crested Cuckoo-Dove@ Reinwardtoena crassirostris Helmtaube Paloma Rabuda Crestada
Passenger Pigeon+ Ectopistes migratorius Wandertaube
European Turtle-Dove Streptopelia turtur Turteltaube Tórtola Europea
Oriental Turtle-Dove Streptopelia orientalis Orientturteltaube Tórtola Oriental
Dusky Turtle-Dove Streptopelia lugens Trauerturteltaube Tórtola Oscura
Adamawa Turtle-Dove Streptopelia hypopyrrha Adamauaturteltaube Tórtola del Camerún
Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto Türkentaube Tórtola Turca
African Collared-Dove Streptopelia risoria Lachtaube Tórtola Rosigris
Red-eyed Dove Streptopelia semitorquata Halbmondtaube Tórtola Ojirroja
Mourning Collared-Dove Streptopelia decipiens Brillentaube Tórtola Engañosa
Ring-necked Dove Streptopelia capicola Gurrtaube Tórtola de El Cabo
Vinaceous Dove Streptopelia vinacea Röteltaube Tórtola Vinosa
White-winged Collared-Dove Streptopelia reichenowi Reichenowtaube Tórtola de Reichenow
Island Collared-Dove Streptopelia bitorquata Kichertaube Tórtola Bicollar
Red Collared-Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica Zwerglachtaube Tórtola Cabecigrís
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis Perlhalstaube Tórtola Moteada
Pink Pigeon@ Streptopelia mayeri Rosentaube Paloma de Mauricio
Madagascar Turtle-Dove Stretopelia picturata Madagaskarturteltaube Tórtola Malgache
Lemon Dove Columba larvata Zimttaube Paloma Caripálida
Sao Tome Lemon-Dove Columba simplex Sao-Tomé-Taube Paloma Sencilla
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala Weißscheiteltaube Paloma Coronita
Picazuro Pigeon Patagioenas picazuro Picazurotaube Paloma Picazuró
Bare-eyed Pigeon Patagioenas corensis Nacktaugentaube Paloma Aliblanca
Scaly-naped Pigeon Patagioenas squamosa Antillentaube Paloma Isleña
Spot-winged Pigeon Patagioenas maculosa Fleckentaube Paloma Moteada
Red-billed Pigeon Patagioenas flavirostris Rotschnabeltaube Paloma piquirroja
Mara��n Pigeon Patagioenas oenops Perutaube Paloma Peruana
Plain Pigeon Patagioenas inornata Rosenschultertaube Paloma Borba
Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa Schuppenbauchtaube Paloma Escamosa
Ring-tailed Pigeon@ Patagioenas caribaea Karibentaube Paloma Jamaicana
Short-billed Pigeon Patagioenas nigrirostris Kurzschnabeltaube Paloma Piquicorta
Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis Rotrückentaube Paloma Colorada
Dusky Pigeon Patagioenas goodsoni Goodsontaube Paloma Oscura
Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata Bandtaube Paloma Torcaza
Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea Purpurtaube Paloma Vinosa
Chilean Pigeon Patagioenas araucana Araukanertaube Paloma Araucana
Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea Weintaube Paloma Plomiza
White-faced Cuckoo-Dove@ Turacoena manadensis Manadotaube Paloma Cariblanca
Black Cuckoo-Dove@ Turacoena modesta Timortaube Paloma de Timor
Barred Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia unchall Bindenschwanztaube Tórtola-cuco Unchal
Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia amboinensis Kuckuckstaube Tórtola-cuco Pechirrosa
Philippine Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia tenuirostris Philippinentaube Tórtola-cuco Filipina
Little Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia ruficeps Rotmanteltaube Tórtola-cuco Chica
Bar-necked Cuckoo-Dove@ Macropygia magna Schweiftaube Tórtola-cuco Grande
Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia emiliana Indonesiertaube Tórtola-cuco Indonesia
Brown Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia phasianella Maronentaube Tórtola-cuco Parda
Reunion Pigeon@+ Streptopelia duboisi

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au