English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Guianan Red-Cotinga Phoenicircus carnifex Blutkotinga
Black-necked Red-Cotinga Phoenicircus nigricollis Samtkotinga
Brazilian Laniisoma Laniisoma elegans Schuppenbrustkotinga
Andean Laniisoma Laniisoma buckleyi
Swallow-tailed Cotinga Phibalura flavirostris Gabelschwanzkotinga
Black-and-gold Cotinga@ Tijuca atra Tijucakotinga
Grey-winged Cotinga@ Tijuca condita Grauflügelkotinga
Hooded Berryeater@ Carpornis cucullata Braunmantel-Beerenfresser
Black-headed Berryeater@ Carpornis melanocephala Schwarzkopf-Beerenfresser
Red-crested Cotinga Ampelion rubrocristatus Rotschopfkotinga
Chestnut-crested Cotinga Ampelion rufaxilla Braunkopfkotinga
Bay-vented Cotinga@ Doliornis sclateri Rotsteißkotinga
Chestnut-bellied Cotinga Doliornis remseni
White-cheeked Cotinga@ Zaratornis stresemanni Stresemannkotinga
Green-and-black Fruiteater Pipreola riefferii Grünrücken-Schmuckvogel
Band-tailed Fruiteater Pipreola intermedia Buntschwanz-Schmuckvogel
Barred Fruiteater Pipreola arcuata Bindenschmuckvogel
Golden-breasted Fruiteater Pipreola aureopectus Goldbauch-Schmuckvogel
Orange-breasted Fruiteater Pipreola jucunda
Black-chested Fruiteater Pipreola lubomirskii
Masked Fruiteater@ Pipreola pulchra
Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater Pipreola frontalis Scharlachbrust-Schmuckvogel
Fiery-throated Fruiteater Pipreola chlorolepidota Feuerkehl-Schmuckvogel
Handsome Fruiteater@ Pipreola formosa Hartlaubschmuckvogel
Red-banded Fruiteater Pipreola whitelyi Goldbrauen-Schmuckvogel
Scaled Fruiteater Ampelioides tschudii Schuppenschmuckvogel
Buff-throated Purpletuft@ Iodopleura pipra Zwergseidenfleck
Dusky Purpletuft Iodopleura fusca Schwarzkopf-Seidenfleck
Bare-necked Umbrellabird Cephalopterus glabricollis Nacktkehl-Schirmvogel
Long-wattled Umbrellabird Cephalopterus penduliger Langlappen-Schirmvogel
Amazonian Umbrellabird Cephalopterus ornatus Kurzlappen-Schirmvogel
Capuchinbird Perissocephalus tricolor Kapuzinervogel
Three-wattled Bellbird Procnias tricarunculatus Hämmerling
White Bellbird Procnias albus Weißglöckner
Bearded Bellbird Procnias averano Flechtenglöckner
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis Nachtkehlglöckner
Guianan Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola rupicola Cayenneklippenvogel
Andean Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola peruviana Andenklippenvogel
White-browed Purpletuft Iodopleura isabellae Weißgesicht-Seidenfleck
Kinglet Calyptura@ Calyptura cristata Rubinkrönchen
Grey-tailed Piha Snowornis subalaris Grauschwanzpiha
Olivaceous Piha Snowornis cryptolophus Gelbbauchpiha
Dusky Piha Lipaugus fuscocinereus Langschwanzpiha
Chestnut-capped Piha@ Lipaugus weberi
Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans Schreipiha
Rufous Piha Lipaugus unirufus Rostpiha
Cinnamon-vented Piha@ Lipaugus lanioides Graukopfpiha
Rose-collared Piha Lipaugus streptophorus Halsbandpiha
Scimitar-winged Piha Lipaugus uropygialis Rotbürzelpiha
Purple-throated Cotinga Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema Purpurkehlkotinga
Lovely Cotinga Cotinga amabilis Azurkotinga
Turquoise Cotinga Cotinga ridgwayi Ridgwaykotinga
Blue Cotinga Cotinga nattererii Schwarzbauchkotinga
Plum-throated Cotinga Cotinga maynana Veilchenkehlkotinga
Purple-breasted Cotinga Cotinga cotinga Purpurbrustkotinga
Banded Cotinga@ Cotinga maculata Prachtkotinga
Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana Halsbandkotinga
Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea Pompadourkotinga
White-tailed Cotinga@ Xipholena lamellipennis Weißschwanzkotinga
White-winged Cotinga@ Xipholena atropurpurea Weißflügelkotinga
Snowy Cotinga Carpodectes nitidus Schneeschmuckvogel
Yellow-billed Cotinga Carpodectes antoniae Gelbschnabel-Schmuckvogel
Black-tipped Cotinga Carpodectes hopkei Silberschmuckvogel
Black-faced Cotinga@ Conioptilon mcilhennyi Schwarzkopf-Schmuckvogel
Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus Nackthals-Schmuckvogel
Crimson Fruitcrow Haematoderus militaris Karminvogel
Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata Pioho
Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus Pavao

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au