English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris Graukehl-Mennigvogel
Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus langschwanz-Mennigvogel
Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris Kurzschnabel-Mennigvogel
Sunda Minivet@ Pericrocotus miniatus Sundamennigvogel
Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus Scharlachmennigvogel
Bar-winged Flycatcher-Shrike Hemipus picatus Elsterraupenschmätzer
Black-winged Flycatcher-Shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus Schwarzflügel-Raupenschmätzer
Lesser Cuckooshrike Coracina fimbriata Zwergraupenfänger
Black-headed Cuckooshrike Coracina melanoptera Schwarzkopf-Raupenfänger
Golden Cuckooshrike@ Campochaera sloetii Goldraupenfänger
Black-and-white Triller@ Lalage melanoleuca Philippinenlalage
Pied Triller Lalage nigra Weißstirnlalage
White-rumped Triller@ Lalage leucopygialis
White-shouldered Triller@ Lalage sueurii Weißflügellalage
White-winged Triller Lalage tricolor
Rufous-bellied Triller@ Lalage aurea Rotbauchlalage
White-browed Triller@ Lalage moesta
Black-browed Triller@ Lalage atrovirens Papualalage
Varied Triller Lalage leucomela Weißbrauenlalage
Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa Südseelalage
Samoan Triller@ Lalage sharpei Braunrückenlalage
Long-tailed Triller Lalage leucopyga Langschwanzlalage
Red-shouldered Cuckooshrike Campephaga phoenicea Rotschulter-Raupenfresser
Petit's Cuckooshrike Campephaga petiti Kongoraupenfresser
Black Cuckooshrike Campephaga flava Mohrenraupenfresser
Purple-throated Cuckooshrike Campephaga quiscalina Purpurraupenfresser
Western Wattled Cuckooshrike Lobatos lobatus Westlicher Lappenraupenfresser
Eastern Wattled Cuckooshrike Lobatos oriolinus Östlicher Lappenraupenfresser
Brown-rumped Minivet@ Pericrocotus cantonensis
Rosy Minivet Pericrocotus roseus Rosenmennigvogel
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus Graumennigvogel
Ryukyu Minivet@ Pericrocotus tegimae
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus Zwergmennigvogel
Fiery Minivet Pericrocotus igneus
Flores Minivet@ Pericrocotus lansbergei Floresmennigvogel
White-bellied Minivet Pericrocotus erythropygius Weißbauch-Mennigvogel
White-rumped Cuckooshrike@ Coracina leucopygia Weißbürzel-Raupenfänger
White-bellied Cuckooshrike Coracina papuensis Weißbauch-Raupenfänger
Hooded Cuckooshrike@ Coracina longicauda Langschwanz-Raupenfänger
Halmahera Cuckooshrike@ Coracina parvula Halmaheraraupenfänger
Pygmy Cuckooshrike@ Coracina abbotti Abbottraupenfänger
New Caledonian Cuckooshrike@ Coracina analis Rotsteiß-Raupenfänger
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia Waldraupenfänger
White-breasted Cuckooshrike Coracina pectoralis Weißbrust-Raupenfänger
Grauer's Cuckooshrike Coracina graueri Silberraupenfänger
Madagascar Cuckooshrike Coracina cinerea Madagaskarraupenfänger
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea Azurraupenfänger
Mauritius Cuckooshrike@ Coracina typica Mauritiusraupenfänger
Reunion Cuckooshrike@ Coracina newtoni Newtonraupenfänger
Blackish Cuckooshrike@ Coracina coerulescens Glanzraupenfänger
Pale-shouldered Cicadabird@ Coracina dohertyi Sumbaraupenfänger
Kai Cicadabird@ Coracina dispar Keiraupenfänger
Common Cicadabird Coracina tenuirostis Mönchsraupenfänger
Sulawesi Cicadabird@ Coracina morio Morioraupenfänger
Sula Cicadabird@ Coracina sula Sularaupenfänger
Pale Cicadabird@ Coracina ceramensis Blaßraupenfänger
Black-shouldered Cicadabird@ Coracina incerta Philippinenraupenfänger
Black-bibbed Cicadabird@ Coracina mindanensis
Grey-headed Cuckooshrike@ Coracina schisticeps
Black Cicadabird@ Coracina melas
Black-bellied Cuckooshrike@ Coracina montana
Solomon Islands Cuckooshrike@ Coracina holopolia
McGregor's Cuckooshrike@ Coracina mcgregori
White-winged Cuckooshrike@ Coracina ostenta Spiegelraupenfänger
Indochinese Cuckooshrike Coracina polioptera Gartenraupenfänger
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos Trauerraupenfänger
Ground Cuckooshrike@ Coracina maxima Grundraupenfänger
Large Cuckooshrike Coracina macei
Javan Cuckooshrike@ Coracina javensis
Black-faced Cuckooshrike Coracina novaehollandiae Schwarzgesicht-Raupenfänger
Wallacean Cuckooshrike@ Coracina personata Wallaceraupenfänger
Buru Cuckooshrike@ Coracina fortis Bururaupenfresser
Moluccan Cuckooshrike@ Coracina atriceps Molukkenraupenfresser
Slaty Cuckooshrike@ Coracina schistacea Schieferraupenfresser
South Melanesian Cuckooshrike Coracina caledonica Welchmanraupenfresser
Stout-billed Cuckooshrike Coracina caeruleogrisea Dickschnabel-Raupenfresser
Cerulean Cuckooshrike@ Coracina temminckii Temminckraupenfänger
Sunda Cuckooshrike Coracina larvata Larvenraupenfänger
Bar-bellied Cuckooshrike Coracina striata Bindenraupenfänger
Pied Cuckooshrike@ Coracina bicolor Zweifarben-Raupenfänger
Barred Cuckooshrike Coracina lineata Gelbaugen-Raupenfänger
Boyer's Cuckooshrike@ Coracina boyeri Rostachsel-Raupenfänger
Yap Cicadabird@ Coracina nesiotis Yapraupenfänger Oruguero de Yap
Pohnpei Cicadabird@ Coracina insperata Pohnpeiraupenfänger Oruguero de Pohnpei
North Melanesian Cuckooshrike Coracina welchmani Welchmanraupenfresser

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au