English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Rufous-eared Warbler Malcorus pectoralis Rotohrprinie
Chirping Cisticola Cisticola pipiens Sumpfcistensänger
Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi Papyruscistensänger
Levaillant's Cisticola Cisticola tinniens Vleycistensänger
Stout Cisticola Cisticola robustus Amharacistensänger
Angola Cisticola Cisticola angolensis
Aberdare Cisticola@ Cisticola aberdare Aberdarecistensänger
Croaking Cisticola Cisticola natalensis Strichelcistensänger
Piping Cisticola Cisticola fulvicapilla Braunkopf-Cistensänger
Tabora Cisticola Cisticola angusticauda Taboracistensänger
Black-tailed Cisticola Cisticola melanurus Schwarzschwanz-Cistensänger
Siffling Cisticola Cisticola brachypterus Kurzflügel-Cistensänger
Rufous Cisticola Cisticola rufus Rostcistensänger
Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes Fuchscistensänger
Tiny Cisticola Cisticola nanus Dornbusch-Cistensänger
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis Cistensänger Buitrón
Madagascar Cisticola Cisticola cherina Madagaskarcistensänger
Socotra Cisticola@ Cisticola haesitatus Sokotracistensänger
Desert Cisticola Cisticola aridulus Kalaharicistensänger
Tink-tink Cisticola Cisticola textrix Pinkpink-Cistensänger
Black-backed Cisticola Cisticola eximius Schwarzhals-Cistensänger
Cloud-scraping Cisticola Cisticola dambo Dambocistensänger
Pale-crowned Cisticola Cisticola cinnamomeus
Pectoral-patch Cisticola Cisticola brunnescens Blaßkopf-Cistensänger
Wetland Cisticola Cisticola taciturnus
Wing-snapping Cisticola Cisticola ayresii Zwergcistensänger
Golden-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis Goldkopf-Cistensänger
Socotra Warbler@ Incana incana Hartlaubcistensänger
Red-faced Cisticola Cisticola erythrops Rotgesicht-Cistensänger
Lepe Cisticola Cisticola lepe Blaßbauch-Cistensänger
Singing Cisticola Cisticola cantans Weißbrauen-Cistensänger
Whistling Cisticola Cisticola lateralis Pfeifeistensänger
Trilling Cisticola Cisticola woosnami Miombocistensänger
Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus Waldcistensänger
Bubbling Cisticola Cisticola bulliens Angolacistensänger
Brown-backed Cisticola Cisticola discolor
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi Farncistensänge
Hunter's Cisticola Cisticola hunteri Gebirgcistensänger
Black-lored Cisticola Cisticola nigriloris Schwarzbrauen-Cistensänger
Rock-loving Cisticola Cisticola emini
Lazy Cisticola Cisticola aberrans Langschwanz-Cistensänger
Boran Cisticola Cisticola bodessa Borancistensänger
Rattling Cisticola Cisticola chiniana Rotscheitel-Cistensänger
Ashy Cisticola Cisticola cinereolus Graucistensänger
Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps Rotkopf-Cistensänger
Dorst's Cisticola Cisticola guinea
Mongalla Cisticola Cisticola mongalla
Grey Cisticola Cisticola rufilatus Rotschwanz-Cistensänger
Red-headed Cisticola Cisticola subruficapilla Bergcistensänger
Lynes's Cisticola Cisticola distinctus
Wailing Cisticola Cisticola lais Trauercistensänger
Tana River Cisticola Cisticola restrictus Tanacistensänger
Churring Cisticola Cisticola njombe Njombecistensänger
Winding Cisticola Cisticola marginatus
Coastal Cisticola Cisticola haematocephalus
Luapula Cisticola@ Cisticola luapula
Rufous-winged Cisticola Cisticola galactotes Schwarzrücken-Cistensänger
Ethiopian Cisticola Cisticola lugubris
Winifred's Warbler@ Scepomycter winifredae Rostkopf-Fuchssänger
Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps Pirolsänger
Grey-capped Warbler Eminia lepida Emnie
Black-capped Rufous Warbler Bathmocercus cerviniventris Rostbauch-Fahlsänger
Black-faced Rufous Warbler Bathmocercus rufus Graubauch-Fuchssänger
Cinnamon-breasted Warbler Euryptila subcinnamomea Zimtbrustsänger
Rubeho Warbler@ Scepomycter rubehoensis Rubeho-Fuchssänger Prinia de Rubeho

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au