English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Buff-browed Chachalaca@ Ortalis superciliaris Gelbbrauenguan Chachalaca Cejuda
Speckled Chachalaca Ortalis guttata Tüpfelguan Chachalaca Moteada
Colombian Chachalaca@ Ortalis columbiana Colombiaguan Chachalaca de Colombia
East Brazilian Chachalaca@ Ortalis araucuan Brasilianerguan Chachalaca Brasilieño
Scaled Chachalaca@ Ortalis squamata Schuppenguan Chachalaca Escamado
Rufous-bellied Chachalaca@ Ortalis wagleri Rotbauchguan Chachalaca Ventricastaña
Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula Blauflügelguan Chachalaca Norteña
West Mexican Chachalaca@ Ortalis poliocephala Graubrustguan Chachalaca Pechigrís
White-bellied Chachalaca Ortalis leucogastra Weißbauchguan Chachacalaca Ventriblanca
Rufous-vented Chachalaca Ortalis ruficauda Rotschwanzguan Chachalaca Culirroja
Grey-headed Chachalaca Ortalis cinereiceps Graukopfguan Chachalaca Cabecigrís
Chestnut-winged Chachalaca@ Ortalis garrula Rotflügelguan Chachalaca Alirroja
Chaco Chachalaca Ortalis canicollis Chacoguan Chachalaca Charata
Rufous-headed Chachalaca Ortalis erythroptera Rotkopfguan Chachalaca Cabecirrufa
Highland Guan Penelopina nigra Schluchtenguan Pava Pajuil
Sickle-winged Guan Chamaepetes goudotii Sichelguan Pava Falcialar
Black Guan Chamaepetes unicolor Mohrenguan Pava Negra
Trinidad Piping-Guan@ Aburria pipile Trinidadguan Pava de Trinidad
Red-throated Piping-Guan Aburria cujubi Rotkehlguan Pava Cuyubí
Blue-throated Piping-Guan Aburria cumanensis Blaukehlguan Pava Goliazul
Black-fronted Piping-Guan Aburria jacutinga Schwarzmaskenguan Pava Yacutinga
Wattled Guan Aburria aburri Lappenguan Pava Aburria
Horned Guan Oreophasis derbianus Zapfenguan Pavón Cornudo
Crestless Curassow Pauxi tomentosa Samthokko Paují Culicastaño
Salvin's Curassow Pauxi salvini Salvinhokko Paují Culiblanco
Alagoas Curassow@+ Mitu mitu Mituhokko Paují de Alagoas
Razor-billed Curassow Pauxi tuberosa Amazonashokko Paují Tuberoso
Horned Curassow Pauxi unicornis Hornhokko Paují Unicornio
Helmeted Curassow Pauxi pauxi Helmhokko Paují de Yelmo
Black Curassow Crax alector Glattschnabelhokko Pavón Guayanés
Blue-knobbed Curassow@ Crax alberti Blaulappenhokko Pavón Piquiazul
Yellow-knobbed Curassow Crax daubentoni Gelblappenhokko Pavón Porú
Bare-faced Curassow Crax fasciolata Nacktgesichthokko Pavón Muitú
Wattled Curassow Crax globulosa Karunkelhokko Pavón Carunculado
Red-billed Curassow@ Crax blumenbachii Rotschnabelhokko Pavón Piquirrojo
Great Curassow Crax rubra Tuberkelhokko Pavón Norteño
Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens Rostbauchguan Pava Cojolita
Cauca Guan@ Penelope perspicax Caucaguan Pava del Cauca
Baudo Guan Penelope ortoni Ortonguan Pava de Orton
White-winged Guan Penelope albipennis Weißschwingenguan Pava Aliblanca
Marail Guan Penelope marail Marailguan Pava Marail
Andean Guan Penelope montagnii Andenguan Pava Andina
Red-faced Guan Penelope dabbenei Rotgesichtguan Pava Carirroja
Dusky-legged Guan Penelope obscura Bronzeguan Pavo Oscura
Spix's Guan Penelope jacquacu Spixguan Pava Amazónica
Rusty-margined Guan Penelope superciliaris Weißstirnguan Pava Yacupemba
White-browed Guan@ Penelope jacucaca Weißbrauenguan Pava Yacucaca
Chestnut-bellied Guan@ Penelope ochrogaster Rotbrustguan Pava Ventrirrufa
White-crested Guan@ Penelope pileata Weißschopfguan Pava Crestiblanca
Band-tailed Guan Penelope argyrotis Bindenschwanzguan Pava Camata
Bearded Guan Penelope barbata Bartguan Pava Barbuda
Little Chachalaca Ortalis motmot Motmotguan Chachalaca Motmot
Chestnut-headed Chachalaca@ Ortalis ruficeps Rotmaskenguan Chachalaca con Cabeza Castaña
Nocturnal Curassow Nothocrax urumutum Rothokko Paují Nocturno
Sira Curassow Pauxi koepckeae Sirahokko Paují de Sira

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au