English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis Mississippiweih Elanio del Mississipí
Square-tailed Kite@ Lophoictinia isura Schopfmilan Milano Colicuadrado
Black-breasted Buzzard@ Hamirostra melanosternon Schwarzbrustmilan Milano Pechinegro
Red Kite Milvus milvus Rotmilan Milano real
Black Kite Milvus migrans Schwarzmilan Milano Negro
Yellow-billed Kite Milvus aegyptius Schmarotzermilan
Black-eared Kite Milvus lineatus
Whistling Kite Haliastur sphenurus Keilschwanzweih Milano Silbador
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus Brahminenweih Milano Brahmán
White-bellied Sea-Eagle Icthyophaga leucogaster Weißbauch-Seeadler Pigargo Oriental
African Fish-Eagle Icthyophaga vocifer Schreiseeadler Pigargo Vocinglero
Madagascar Fish-Eagle@ Icthyophaga vociferoides Madagaskarseeadler Pigargo Malgache
Pallas's Fish-Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus Bindenseeadler Pigargo de Pallas
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla Seeadler Pigargo Europeo
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Weißkopf-Seeadler Pigargo Americano
Steller's Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus Riesenseeadler Pigargo Gigante
Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis Fischbussard Busardo Colorado
Lesser Fish-Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis Braunschwanz-Seeadler Pigarguillo Menor
Grey-headed Fish-Eagle Icthyophaga ichthyaetus Graukopf-Seeadler Pigarguillo Común
Palm-Nut Vulture Gypohierax angolensis Palmgeier Buitre Palmero
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus Bartgeier Quebrantahuesos
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus Schmutzgeier Alimoche Común
Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus Kappengeier Alimoche Sombrío
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis Weißrückengeier Buitre Dorsiblanco Bengalí
White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus Bengalengeier Buitre Dorsiblanco Africano
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus Dünnschnabelgeier Buitre Picofino
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris
Rueppell's Griffon Gyps rueppellii Sperbergeier Buitre Moteado
African Cuckoo-Hawk Aviceda cuculoides Kuckucksweih Baza Africano
Madagascar Cuckoo-Hawk@ Aviceda madagascariensis Lemurenweih Baza Malgache
Jerdon's Baza Aviceda jerdoni Hinduweih Baza Oriental
Pacific Baza Aviceda subcristata Papuaweih Baza Australiano
Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes Dreifarbenweih Baza Negro
Grey-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis Cayenneweih Milano Cabecigrís
White-collared Kite@ Leptodon forbesi Kragenweih Milano Acollarado
Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus Langschnabelweih Milano Picogarfio
Long-tailed Honey-Buzzard@ Henicopernis longicauda Langschwanzweih Abejero Colilargo
Black Honey-Buzzard@ Henicopernis infuscatus Bismarckweih Abejero Negro
European Honey-Buzzard Pernis apivorus Wespenbussard Abejero Europeo
Oriental Honey-Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus Schopfwespenbussard Abejero Oriental
Foothill Elaenia@ Myiopagis olallai
Barred Honey-Buzzard Pernis celebensis Celebeswespenbussard Abejero de Célebes
Yungas Tyrannulet Phyllomyias weedeni
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Schwalbenweih Elanio Tijereta
Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus Fledermausaar Milano Murcielaguero
Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii Perlaar Elanio Enano
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus Weißschwanzaar Elanio Maromero
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus Gleitaar Elanio Común
Black-shouldered Kite@ Elanus axillaris Australischer Gleitaar Elanio Australiano
Letter-winged Kite@ Elanus scriptus Schwarzachselaar Elanio Escrito
Scissor-tailed Kite Chelictinia riocourii Schwalbenschwanzaar Elanio Golondrina
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis Schneckenweih Caracolero Común
Slender-billed Kite Hemicolestes hamatus Hakenweih Caracolero Plomizo
Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus Doppelzahnweih Milano Bidentado
Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon Braunschenkelweih Milano Muslirrufo
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea Schwebeweih Elanio Plomizo
Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk Accipiter rufiventris Rotbauchsperber Gavilán Papirrufo
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus Eckschwanzsperber Gavilán Americano
White-breasted Hawk Accipiter chionogaster Weißbrustsperber Gavilán Ventriblanco
Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis Andensperber Gavilán Andino
Rufous-thighed Hawk Accipiter erythronemius Rotschenkelsperber Gavilán Muslirrufo
Bicoloured Hawk Astur bicolor Zweifarbensperber Gavilán Bicolor
Chilean Hawk Accipiter chilensis
Cooper's Hawk Astur cooperii Rundschwanzsperber Gavilán de Cooper
Gundlach's Hawk@ Astur gundlachi Gundlachsperber Gavilán Cubano
Black Sparrowhawk Astur melanoleucus Mohrenhabicht Azor Blanquinegro
Henst's Goshawk@ Astur henstii Madagaskarhabicht Azor Malgache
Meyer's Goshawk Astur meyerianus Meyerhabicht Azor de Meyer
Chestnut-shouldered Goshawk@ Erythrotriorchis buergersi Prachthabicht Azor de Bürgers
Red Goshawk@ Erythrotriorchis radiatus Fuchshabicht Azor Rojo
Doria's Goshawk@ Megatriorchis doriae Salvadorihabicht Azor de Doria
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus Langschwanzhabicht Azor Rabilargo
Grasshopper Buzzard Butastur rufipennis Heuschreckenteesa Busardo Langostero
Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer Malaienteesa Busardo Alirrufo
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa Weißaugenteesa Busardo Tisa
Grey-faced Buzzard Butastur indicus Kiefernteesa Busardo Carigrís
Lizard Buzzard Kaupifalco monogrammicus Sperberbussard Busardo Gavilán
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens Sperberweihe Azor Záncon
Slate-coloured Hawk Buteogallus schistaceus Schieferbussard Busardo Pizarroso
Plumbeous Hawk Cryptoleucopteryx plumbea Bleibussard Busardo Plomizo
Barred Hawk Morphnarchus princeps Prinzenbussard Busardo Azoreño
Black-faced Hawk Leucopternis melanops Zügelbussard Busardo Carinegro
White-browed Hawk Leucopternis kuhli Weißbrauenbussard Busardo Cejiblanco
White-necked Hawk@ Amadonastur lacernulatus Weißhalsbussard Busardo Cuelliblanco
Semiplumbeous Hawk Leucopternis semiplumbeus Möwenbussard Busardo Semiplombizo
White Hawk Pseudastur albicollis Schneebussard Busardo Blanco
Grey-backed Hawk Pseudastur occidentalis Graurückenbussard Busardo Dorsigrís
Mantled Hawk Pseudastur polionotus Mantelbussard Busardo Blanquinegro
Rufous Crab-Hawk Buteogallus aequinoctialis Rotbauchbussard Busardo-negro del Atlántico
Cuban Black-Hawk Buteogallus gundlachii
Common Black-Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus Krabbenbussard Busardo-negro Norteño
Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga Schwarzbussard Busardo-negro Urubutinga
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis Savanenbussard Busardo Sabanero
Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus Wüstenbussard Busardo Mixto
Montane Solitary Eagle Harpyhaliaetus solitarius Einseidleradler Aguila Solitaria
Crowned Solitary Eagle Harpyhaliaetus coronatus Zaunadler Aguila de Azara
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus Agula Aguila Mora
Roadside Hawk Rupornis magnirostris Wegebussard Busardo Caminero
White-rumped Hawk Parabuteo leucorrhous Weißbürzelbussard Busardo Culiblanco
Grey Hawk Asturina plagiata Zweibindenbussard Busardo Gris
Grey-lined Hawk Asturina nitida
Ridgway's Hawk Buteo ridgwayi Haitibussard Busardo de la Española
Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus Rotschulterbussard Busardo Hombrorrojo
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus Breitflügelbussard Busardo Aliancho
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus Kurzschwanzbussard Busardo Colicorto
White-throated Hawk Buteo albigula Weißkehlbussard Busardo Gorgiblanco
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Präriebussard Busardo Chapulinero
Galapagos Hawk@ Buteo galapagoensis Galapagosbussard Busardo de Galápagos
White-tailed Hawk Geranoaetus albicaudatus Weißschwanzbussard Busardo Coliblanco
Red-backed Hawk Geranoetus polyosoma Rotrückenbussard Busardo Dorsirrojo
Puna Hawk Geranoetus poecilochrous Punabussard Busardo Puneño
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus Mohrenbussard Busardo Aura
Hawaiian Hawk@ Buteo solitarius Hawiibussard Busardo Hawaiano
Rufous-tailed Hawk Buteo ventralis Magellanbussard Busardo Patagón
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis Rotschwanzbussard Busardo Colirrojo
France's Sparrowhawk Tachyspiza francesii Echsenhabicht Gavilán de Frances
Spot-tailed Goshawk@ Tachyspiza trinotata Fleckschwanzsperber Gavilán Colipinto
Brown Goshawk Tachyspiza fasciata Bänderhabicht Azor Australiano
Grey Goshawk@ Tachyspiza novaehollandiae Grauhabicht Azor Variable
Variable Goshawk Tachyspiza hiogaster
Black-mantled Goshawk@ Tachyspiza melanochlamys Schwarzmantelhabicht Gavilán Rufinegro
Pied Goshawk Tachyspiza albogularis Elsterhabicht Gavilán Pío
Fiji Goshawk@ Tachyspiza rufitorques Fidschihabicht Gavilán de las Fiji
White-bellied Goshawk@ Tachyspiza haplochroa Weißbauchhabicht Gavilán de Nueva Caledonia
Moluccan Goshawk@ Tachyspiza henicogramma Halmaherahabicht Azor Moluqueño
Slaty-mantled Sparrowhawk@ Tachyspiza luteoschistacea Rabaulhabicht Gavilán de Nueva Bretaña
Imitator Sparrowhawk@ Tachyspiza imitator Trughabicht Gavilán Imitador
Grey-headed Goshawk@ Tachyspiza poliocephala Aschkopfhabicht Gavilán Cabecigrís
New Britain Goshawk@ Tachyspiza princeps Prinzenhabicht Azor de Nueva Bretaña
Tiny Hawk Hieraspiza superciliosus Däumlingsperber Gavilancito Americano
Semicollared Hawk Hieraspiza collaris Halsbandsperber Gavilancito Torcaz
Red-thighed Sparrowhawk Tachyspiza erythropus Waldsperber Gavilancito Muslirrojo
Little Sparrowhawk Tachyspiza minulla Zwergsperber Gavilancito Chico
Japanese Sparrowhawk Tachyspiza gularis Trillersperber Gavilancito Japonés
Northern Goshawk Astur gentilis Habicht Azor Común
Besra Tachyspiza virgata Besrasperber Gavilán Besra
Dwarf Sparrowhawk@ Tachyspiza nana Archboldsperber Gavilancito de Célebes
Collared Sparrowhawk Tachyspiza cirrhocephala Sydneysperber Gavilán Acollarado
New Britain Sparrowhawk@ Tachyspiza brachyura Dreifarbensperber Gavilancito de Nueva Bretaña
Rufous-necked Sparrowhawk@ Tachyspiza erythrauchen Rotnackensperber Gavilancito Moluqueño
Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk@ Tachyspiza rhodogaster Schlegelsperber Gavilán Pechirrojo
Ovampo Sparrowhawk Accipiter ovampensis Ovambosperber Gavilán del Ovampo
Madagascar Sparrowhawk@ Accipiter madagascariensis Madagaskarsperber Gavilán Malgache
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus Sperber Gavilán Común
African Harrier-Hawk Polyboroides typus Höhlenweihe Aguilucho-caricalvo Común
Madagascar Harrier-Hawk@ Polyboroides radiatus Madagaskarhöhlenweihe Aguilucho-caricalvo Malgache
Spotted Harrier Circus assimilis Fleckenweihe Aguilucho Moteado
Black Harrier Circus maurus Mohrenweihe Aguilucho Negro
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus Kornweihe Aguilucho Pálido
Cinereous Harrier Circus cinereus Grauweihe Aguilucho Vari
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus Steppenweihe Aguilucho Papialbo
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos Elsterweihe Aguilucho Pío
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus Wiesenweihe Aguilucho Cenizo
African Marsh-Harrier Circus ranivorus Froschweihe Aguilucho Lagunero Etiópico
Western Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus Rohrweihe Aguilucho Lagunero Occidental
Eastern Marsh-Harrier Circus spilonotus Mangroveweihe Aguilucho Lagunero Oriental
Swamp Harrier Circus approximans Sumpweihe Aguilucho Lagunero del Pacifico
Reunion Harrier Circus maillardi Madagaskarweihe Aguilucho Lagunero Malgache
Long-winged Harrier Circus buffoni Weißbrauenweihe Aguilucho de Azara
Gabar Goshawk Micronisus gabar Gabarhabicht Gavilán Gabar
Dark Chanting-Goshawk Melierax metabates Graubürzel Singhabicht Azor-lagartijero Oscuro
Eastern Chanting-Goshawk Melierax poliopterus Weißbürzel-Singhabicht Azor-lagartijero Somalí
Pale Chanting-Goshawk Melierax canorus Großer Singhabicht Azor-lagartijero Claro
Grey-bellied Hawk Accipiter poliogaster Graubauchhabicht Azor Ventigrís
Crested Goshawk Lophospiza trivirgatus Schopfhabicht Azor Moñudo
Sulawesi Goshawk@ Lophospiza griseiceps Graukopfhabicht Gavilán de Célebes
Red-chested Goshawk Tachyspiza toussenelii Rotbrusthabicht Azor de Toussenel
African Goshawk Tachyspiza tachiro Afrikahabicht Azor Tachiro
Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Tachyspiza castanilius Rotflankenhabicht Gvailán Flanquirrojo
Shikra Tachyspiza badia Shikrasperber Gavilán Chikra
Levant Sparrowhawk Tachyspiza brevipes Kurzfangsperber Gavilán Griego
Nicobar Sparrowhawk@ Tachyspiza butleri Nikobarensperber Gavilán de Nicobar
Chinese Sparrowhawk Tachyspiza soloensis Froschsperber Gavilán Ranero
Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis Schneegeier Buitre del Himalaya
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus Gänsegeier Buitre Leonado
Cape Griffon Gyps coprotheres Kapgeier Buitre de el Cabo
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus Mönchsgeier Buitre Negro
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus Ohrengeier Buitre Orejudo
White-headed Vulture Trigonoceps occipitalis Wollkopfgeier Buitre Cabeciblanco
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus Kahlkopfgeier Buitre Cabecirrojo
Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus Schlangenadler Culebrera Europea
Beaudouin's Snake-Eagle Circaetus beaudouini
Black-chested Snake-Eagle Circaetus pectoralis Schwarzbrust-Schlangenadler Culebrera Pechinegra
Brown Snake-Eagle Circaetus cinereus Einfarb-Schlangenadler Culebrera Sombría
Southern Banded Snake-Eagle Circaetus fasciolatus Graubrust-Schlangenadler Culebrera Barreada
Western Banded Snake-Eagle Circaetus cinerascens Bandschlangenadler Culebrera Coliblanca
Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus Gaukler Aguila Volatinera
Crested Serpent-Eagle Spilornis cheela Schlangenweihe Culebrera Chiíla
Ryukyu Serpent-Eagle@ Spilornis perplexus
Simeulue Serpent-Eagle@ Spilornis abbotti
Nias Serpent-Eagle@ Spilornis asturinus
Bawean Serpent-Eagle@ Spilornis baweanus
Mentawai Serpent-Eagle@ Spilornis sipora
Natuna Serpent-Eagle@ Spilornis natunensis
Philippine Serpent-Eagle@ Spilornis holospilus Philippinenschlangenweihe Culebrera Filipina
Sulawesi Serpent-Eagle@ Spilornis rufipectus Celebesschlangenweihe Culebrera de Célebes
Central Nicobar Serpent-Eagle@ Spilornis minimus Kloss-Schlangenweihe Culebrera de Nicobar
Great Nicobar Serpent-Eagle@ Spilornis klossi
Mountain Serpent-Eagle Spilornis kinabaluensis Bergschlangenweihe Culebrera del Kinabalu
Andaman Serpent-Eagle@ Spilornis elgini Andamanenschlangenweihe Culebrera de Andamán
Congo Serpent-Eagle Circaetus spectabilis Schlangenbussard Culebrera Congoleña
Madagascar Serpent-Eagle@ Eutriorchis astur Schlangenhabicht Culebrera Azor
Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax Keilschwanzadler Aguila Audaz
Verreaux's Eagle Aquila verreauxii Kaffernadler Aguila Cafre
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata Habichtsadler Aguila-azor Perdicera
African Hawk-Eagle Aquila spilogaster Afrikanischer Habichtsadler Aguila-azor Africana
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus Zwergadler Aguililla Calzada
Little Eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides Kaninchenadler Aguililla Australiana
Ayres's Hawk Eagle Hieraaetus ayresii Fleckenadler Aguila-azor de Ayres
Rufous-bellied Eagle Lopotriorchis kienerii Rotbauchadler Aguila-azor ventrirroja
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus melanoleucus Elsteradler Aguila-azor Blanquinegra
Long-crested Eagle Lophaetus occipitalis Schopfadler Aguila Crestilarga
Cassin's Hawk-Eagle Aquila africana Schwarzachseladler Aguila-azor Congoleña
Changeable Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus Haubenadler Aguila-azor Cresteda
Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nipalensis Bergadler Aguila-azor Montañesa
Javan Hawk-Eagle@ Nisaetus bartelsi Javaadler Aguila-azor de Java
Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle@ Nisaetus lanceolatus Celebesadler Aguila-azor de Célebes
Philippine Hawk-Eagle@ Nisaetus philippensis Philippinenadler Aguila-azor Filipina
Blyth's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus alboniger Traueradler Aguila-azor Indonesia
Wallace's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nanus Dschungeladler Aguila-azor de Wallace
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus Tyrannenadler Aguila-azor Negra
Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus Prachtadler Aguila-azor Galana
Crowned Eagle Stephanoaetus coronatus Kronenadler Aguila Coronada
Black-and-chestnut Eagle Spizaetus isidori Isidoradler Aguila Poma
Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus Kampfadler Aguila Marcial
Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo Mäusebussard Busardo Ratonero
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus Bergbussard Busardo Montañés
Madagascar Buzzard@ Buteo brachypterus Madagaskarbussard Busardo Malgache
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus Adlerbussard Busardo Moro
Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus
Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius Mongolenbussard Busardo Mongol
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis Königsbussard Busardo Herrumbroso
Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus Rauhfußbussard Busardo Calzado
Red-necked Buzzard Buteo auguralis Salvadoribussard Busardo Cuellirrojo
Archer's Buzzard@ Buteo archeri Archerbussard Busardo Augur Somalí
Augur Buzzard Buteo augur Augurbussard Busardo Augur Oriental
Jackal Buzzard Buteo rufofuscus Felsenbussard Busardo Augur Meridional
Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis Würgadler Arpía Menor
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja Harpyie Arpía Mayor
Papuan Eagle@ Harpyopsis novaeguineae Papuaadler Arpía Papúa
Philippine Eagle@ Pithecophaga jefferyi Affenadler Aguila Monera
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis Malaienadler Aguila Milana
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina Schreiadler Aguila Pomerana
Indian Spotted Eagle Clanga hastata
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga Schelladler Aguila Moteada
Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax Savannenadler Aguila Rapaz
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis Steppenadler Aguila Esteparia
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti Spanischer Kaiseradler Aguila Imperial Ibérica
Easten Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca Kaiseradler Aguila Imperial Oriental
Wahlberg's Eagle Hieraaetus wahlbergi Silberadler Aguila de Wahlberg
Gurney's Eagle Aquila gurneyi Molukkenadler Aguila Moluqueña
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Steinadler Aguila Real
Pygmy Eagle Hieraaetus weiskei
Legge's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus kelaarti Ceylonadler Aguila azor de Ceilán
Changeable Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus limnaeetus Adler wechselhaft Aguila-azor Variable
Rensch's Eagle@ Aquila renschi Renschadler Aguila-azor de Rensch
Socotra Buzzard@ Buteo socotraensis Sokotrabussard Busardo de Socotora
Pinsker's Hawk-Eagle@ Nisaetus pinskeri Mindanaohaubenadler Aguila-azor de Pinsker
Flores Hawk-Eagle@ Nisaetus floris Flores-Haubenadler Aguila azor de Flores

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au