English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Cape Verde Swift@ Apus alexandri Alexandersegler Vencejo de Cabo Verde
Plain Swift Apus unicolor Einfarbsegler Vencejo Unicolor
Bates's Swift Apus batesi Mohrensegler
White-rumped Swift Apus caffer Kaffernsegler Vencejo Cafre
Horus Swift Apus horus Horussegler
Loanda Swift Apus toulsoni
Little Swift Apus affinis Haussegler Vencejo Culiblanco
House Swift Apus nipalensis
Andean Swift Aeronautes andecolus Andensegler
White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatalis Weißbrustsegler
White-tipped Swift Aeronautes montivagus Bergsegler
Great Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila sanctihieronymi Großer Schwalbensegler
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis Kleiner Schwalbensegler
Antillean Palm-Swift Tachornis phoenicobia Kubasegler
Pygmy Swift Tachornis furcata Däumlingssegler
Fork-tailed Palm-Swift Tachornis squamata Gabelschwantzsegler
African Palm-Swift Cypsiurus parvus Palmensegler Vencejo Palmero
Asian Palm-Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis Bengalensegler
Waterfall Swiftlet Hydrochous gigas Riesensalangane
Malagasy Spinetail@ Zoonavena grandidieri Malegassensegler
White-rumped Spinetail Zoonavena sylvatica Hindusegler
Mottled Spinetail Telacanthura ussheri Baobabsegler
Black Spinetail Telacanthura melanopygia Iturisegler
Philippine Needletail@ Mearnsia picina Philippinensegler
Papuan Needletail@ Mearnsia novaeguineae Papuasegler
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini Cassinsegler
Boehm's Spinetail Neafrapus boehmi Fledermaussegler
Tepui Swift Streptoprocne phelpsi Phelpssegler
Spot-fronted Swift Cypseloides cherriei Diademsegler
White-chinned Swift Cypseloides cryptus Weißkinnsegler
White-fronted Swift Cypseloides storeri
Sooty Swift Cypseloides fumigatus Rauchsegler
Great Dusky Swift Cypseloides senex Rußsegler
White-fronted Swift@ Cypseloides storeri
Rothschild's Swift Cypseloides rothschildi Rothschildsegler
American Black Swift Cypseloides niger Schwarzsegler Vencejo Negro
White-chested Swift Cypseloides lemosi Brustflecksegler
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba Alpensegler Vencejo Real
Mottled Swift Tachymarptis aequatorialis Schuppensegler
Common Swift Apus apus Mauersegler Vencejo Común
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae Braunsegler
African Black Swift Apus barbatus Kapsegler
Madagascar Swift@ Apus balstoni
Pallid Swift Apus pallidus Fahlsegler Vencejo Pálido
Bradfield's Swift Apus bradfieldi Damarasegler
Forbes-Watson's Swift Apus berliozi Sokotrasegler
Fernando Po Swift@ Apus sladeniae
Dark-rumped Swift Apus acuticauda Glanzrückensegler
Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus Pazifiksegler Vencejo Asiático
Pygmy Swiftlet@ Collocalia troglodytes Zwergsalangane
Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta Glanzkopfsalangane
Grey-rumped Swiftlet@ Collocalia marginata
Cave Swiftlet Collocalia linchi Linchisalangane
Schouteden's Swift@ Schoutedenapus schoutedeni Schoutedensegler
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus Maussegler
White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus Stachelschwanzsegler Rabitojo Mongol
Silver-backed Needletail Hirundapus cochinchinensis Graukehlsegler
Brown-backed Needletail Hirundapus giganteus Eilsegler
Purple Needletail Hirundapus celebensis Purpursegler
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris Halsbandsegler
Biscutate Swift@ Streptoprocne biscutata Schildsegler
White-naped Swift@ Streptoprocne semicollaris Weißnackensegler
Chestnut-collared Swift Streptoprocne rutila Rothalssegler
Costa Rican Swift Chaetura fumosa
Band-rumped Swift Chaetura spinicaudus Dornensegler
Grey-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris Graubürzelsegler
Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica Antillensegler
Chapman's Swift Chaetura chapmani Chapmansegler
Mato Grosso Swift@ Chaetura viridipennis
Sick's Swift Chaetura meridionalis
Pale-rumped Swift Chaetura egregia Blaßbürzelsegler
Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica Schornsteinsegler
Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi Graubauchsegler
Ashy-tailed Swift Chaetura andrei Grauschwanzsegler
Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura Stutzschwanzsegler
Tumbes Swift Chaetura ocypetes
Silver-rumped Spinetail Rhaphidura leucopygialis Silberbürzelsegler
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini Sumpfsegler
Sao Tome Spinetail@ Zoonavena thomensis Sao-Tomé-Segler
Whitehead's Swiftlet@ Aerodramus whiteheadi Philippinensalangane
Mayr's Swiftlet Aerodramus orientalis Salomonensalangane
Three-toed Swiftlet@ Hydrochous papuensis Papuasalangane
Bare-legged Swiftlet@ Aerodramus nuditarsus Nacktfußsalangane
Black-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus maximus Schwarznestsalangane
Palawan Swiftlet@ Aerodramus palawanensis
Volcano Swiftlet@ Aerodramus vulcanorum
Edible-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphagus Weißnestsalangane
German's Swiftlet Aerodramus germani Oustaletsalangane
Grey Swiftlet Aerodramus amelis Grausalangane
Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris Himalayasalangane
Mascarene Swiftlet Aerodramus francicus Mauritiussalangane
Seychelles Swiftlet@ Aerodramus elaphrus Seychellensalangane
Palau Swiftlet@ Aerodramus pelewensis
Indochinese Swiftlet Aerodramus rogersi
Island Swiftlet@ Aerodramus inquietus Karolinensalangane
Mariana Swiftlet@ Aerodramus bartschi
Uniform Swiftlet Aerodramus vanikorensis Einfrabsalangane
Mossy-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus salangana Moosnestsalangane
Philippine Swiftlet@ Aerodramus mearnsi Braunbürzelsalangane
Tahiti Swiftlet@ Aerodramus leucophaeus Tahitisalangane
Marquesan Swiftlet@ Aerodramus ocistus Marquesassalangane
Atiu Swiftlet@ Aerodramus sawtelli Atiusalangane
Halmahera Swiftlet@ Aerodramus infuscatus Molukkensalangane
Seram Swiftlet@ Aerodramus ceramensis
Sulawesi Swiftlet@ Aerodramus sororum
Australian Swiftlet@ Aerodramus terraereginae
White-rumped Swiftlet Aerodramus spodiopygius Weißbürzelsalangane
Mountain Swiftlet@ Aerodramus hirundinaceus Bergsalangane
Indian Swiftlet Aerodramus unicolor Malabarsalangane
Bornean Swiftlet@ Collocalia dodgei Kinabalusegler
Salimali's Swift Apus salimali Salimali-Segler Vencejo de Salimali
Blyth's Swift Apus leuconyx Blythe-Segler Vencejo de Blythe
Cook's Swift Apus cooki Cook-Segler Vencejo de Cook

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au