English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Cundinamarca Antpitta@ Grallaria kaestneri Cundinamarcaameisenpitta Tororoí de Cundinamarca
Tawny Antpitta Grallaria quitensis Ockerwangen-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Leonado
Rufous-faced Antpitta@ Grallaria erythrotis Rostwangen-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Carirrufo
Yellow-breasted Antpitta Grallaria flavotincta Gelbbrust-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Pechiamarillo
White-bellied Antpitta Grallaria hypoleuca Blassbauch-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Ventriblanco
Rusty-tinged Antpitta@ Grallaria przewalskii Taczanowskiameisenpitta Tororoí Rojizo
Bay Antpitta@ Grallaria capitalis Rostfarbene Ameisenpitta Tororoí Bayo
Chestnut-naped Antpitta Grallaria nuchalis Rostnacken-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Nuquicastaño
Jocotoco Antpitta@ Grallaria ridgelyi Zügelfleck-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Jocotoco
Pale-billed Antpitta@ Grallaria carrikeri Blassschnabel-Ameisenpitta Tororoí de Carriker
White-throated Antpitta Grallaria albigula Grauflanken-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Gorgiblanco
Chestnut-crowned Antpitta Grallaria ruficapilla Rostkappen-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Compadre
Watkins's Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi Buschlandameisenpitta Tororoí Matorralero
Red-and-white Antpitta@ Grallaria erythroleuca Weißflecken-Ameisenpitta Tororoí de Cuzco
Bicolored Antpitta Grallaria rufocinerea Zweifarben-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Bicolor
Grey-naped Antpitta@ Grallaria griseonucha Graunacken-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Nuquigris
Rufous Antpitta Grallaria rufula Einfarb-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Rufo
Chestnut Antpitta@ Grallaria blakei Kastanienbraune Ameisenpitta Tororoí Castaño
Stripe-headed Antpitta Grallaria andicolus Strichelkopf-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Andino
Spotted Antpitta Hylopezus macularius Ostliche Brillenameisenpitta Tororoí Moteado
Masked Antpitta@ Hylopezus auricularis Südliche Brillenameisenpitta Tororoí Emascarado
Thicket Antpitta Hylopezus dives Orangeflanken-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Ventricanela Colombiano
White-lored Antpitta Hylopezus fulviventris Weisswangen-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Ventricanela Ecuatoriano
Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi Olivmantel-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Amazonico
Streak-chested Antpitta Hylopezus perspicillatus Westliche Brillenameisenpitta Tororoí de Anteojos
White-browed Antpitta@ Hylopezus ochroleucus Weißbrauen-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Teguá
Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri Fleckenbauch-Ameisenpitta Tororoí de Natterer
Black-crowned Pittasoma Pittasoma michleri Schwarzscheitel-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Capinegro
Rufous-crowned Pittasoma Pittasoma rufopileatum Rotscheitel-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Capirrufo
Ochre-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula flavirostris Ockerbrust-Ameisenpitta Ponchito Ocráceo
Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus Rostbrust-Ameisenpitta Ponchito Pechicastaño
Slate-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana Graukappen-Ameisenpitta Ponchito Enano
Scallop-breasted Antpitta@ Grallaricula loricata Nördliche Schmuckameisenpitta Ponchito Lorigado
Peruvian Antpitta Grallaricula peruviana Südliche Schmuckameisenpitta Ponchito Peruano
Ochre-fronted Antpitta@ Grallaricula ochraceifrons Ockerstirn-Ameisenpitta Ponchito Frentiocre
Crescent-faced Antpitta Grallaricula lineifrons Halbmond-Ameisenpitta Ponchito Medialuna
Hooded Antpitta Grallaricula cucullata Rotkopf-Ameisenpitta Ponchito Encapuchado
Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona Streifenbrust-Ameisendrossel Tovacá Colicorto
Tepui Antpitta Myrmothera simplex Olivbauch-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Flautista
Ochre-striped Antpitta Grallaria dignissima Rostkehl-Ameisenpitta Tororoí del Napo
Elusive Antpitta Grallaria eludens Fahlbrust-Ameisenpitta Tororoí del Ucayali
Undulated Antpitta Grallaria squamigera Ockerbauch-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Ondoso
Great Antpitta@ Grallaria excelsa Fahlbauch-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Excelso
Giant Antpitta Grallaria gigantea Riesenameisenpitta Tororoí Gigante
Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis Kleine Bartameisenpitta Tororoí Cholino
Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia Grosse Bartameisenpitta Tororoí Pintado
Moustached Antpitta Grallaria alleni Grauscheitel-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Bigotudo
Tachira Antpitta@ Grallaria chthonia Tachiraameisenpitta Tororoí de Táchira
Plain-backed Antpitta Grallaria haplonota Ockerbart-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Torero
Brown-banded Antpitta@ Grallaria milleri Brustband-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Bandeado
Santa Marta Antpitta@ Grallaria bangsi Ockerkehl-Ameisenpitta Tororoí de Santa Marta
Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma Rostkappen-Ameisendrossel Formicario Capirrojo
Mayan Antthrush Formicarius moniliger Mexikoameisendrossel Formicario Mexicano
Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis Graubrust-Ameisendrossel Formicario Enmascarado
Rufous-fronted Antthrush Formicarius rufifrons Rotstirn-Ameisendrossel Formcario Frentirrufó
Black-headed Antthrush Formicarius nigricapillus Schwarzkopf-Ameisendrossel Formicario Cabecinegro
Rufous-breasted Antthrush Formicarius rufipectus Rotbrust-Ameisendrossel Formicario Pechirrufo
Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza campanisona Streifenbrust-Ameisendrossel Tovacá Colicorto
Striated Antthrush Chamaeza nobilis Weißkehl-Ameisendrossel Tovacá Noble
Schwartz's Antthrush Chamaeza turdina Nördliche Rostschwanz-Ameisendrossel Tovacá Turdino
Cryptic Antthrush@ Chamaeza meruloides Blaßkehl-Ameisendrossel Tovacá Criptico
Rufous-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza ruficauda Südliche Rotschwanz-Ameisendrossel Tovacá Colirrufo
Barred Antthrush Chamaeza mollissima Bindenbrust -Ameisendrossel Tovacá Barrado
Urrao Antpitta@ Grallaria fenwickorum Urrao-Ameisenpitta Tororoí Urrao
Zimmer's Antpitta Hylopezus dilutus Zimmerameisenpitta Tororoí de Zimmer
Para Antpitta@ Hylopezus paraensis Para-Brillenameisenpitta Tororoí de Pará
Alta Floresta Antpitta Hylopezus whittakeri Alta Floresta Ameisenpitta Tororoí de l'Alto Floresta
Guianan Antpitta Grallaricula kukenamensis Kukenam-Ameisenpitta Ponchito de Kukenam
Sucre Antpitta Grallaricula cumanensis Sucre-Ameisenpitta Ponchito de Sucre

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au