English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Vermilion Tanager Calochaetes coccineus Mennigtangare
Crimson-collared Tanager Phlogothraupis sanguinolenta Flammentangare
Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis Maskentangare
Crimson-backed Tanager Ramphocelus dimidiatus Scharlachbauchtangare
Huallaga Tanager@ Ramphocelus melanogaster Schwarzbauchtangare
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo Purpurtangare
Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius Brasiltangare
Passerini's Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii Passerintangare
Cherrie's Tanager Ramphocelus costaricensis
Flame-rumped Tanager@ Ramphocelus flammigerus Feuerbürzeltangare
Yellow-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus icteronotus
Western Spindalis Spindalis zena Streifenkopftangare
Puerto Rican Spindalis@ Spindalis portoricensis
Hispaniolan Spindalis Spindalis dominicensis
Jamaican Spindalis@ Spindalis nigricephala
Blue-grey Tanager Tangara episcopus Bischofstangare
Sayaca Tanager Tangara sayaca Sayacatangare
Glaucous Tanager Tangara glaucocolpa Blauflecktangare
Azure-shouldered Tanager Tangara cyanoptera Violettschultertangare
Golden-chevroned Tanager@ Tangara ornata Schmucktangare
Yellow-winged Tanager Tangara abbas Abttangare
Palm Tanager Tangara palmarum Palmentangare
Blue-capped Tanager Anisognathus cyanocephalus Gelbschenkeltangare
Blue-and-yellow Tanager Pipraeidea bonariensis Furchentangare
Blue-backed Tanager Cyanicterus cyanicterus Ziertangare
Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei Bangstangare
Black-and-gold Tanager@ Bangsia melanochlamys Blauschultertangare
Golden-chested Tanager Bangsia rothschildi Rothschildtangare
Moss-backed Tanager Bangsia edwardsi Edwardstangare
Gold-ringed Tanager@ Bangsia aureocincta Goldringtangare
Parrot-billed Seedeater Sporophila peruviana Papageienschnabelpfäffchen
Drab Seedeater@ Sporophila simplex Dickschnabelpfäffchen
Black-and-tawny Seedeater Sporophila nigrorufa Schwarzmantelpfäffchen
Capped Seedeater Sporophila bouvreuil Orangepfäffchen Semillero Capinegro
Tumaco Seedeater@ Sporophila insulata Tumacopfäffchen
Ruddy-breasted Seedeater Sporophila minuta Zwergpfäffchen
Tawny-bellied Seedeater Sporophila hypoxantha Ockerbrustpfäffchen
Grey-and-chestnut Seedeater Sporophila hypochroma Rotbürzelpfäffchen
Dark-throated Seedeater Sporophila ruficollis Schwarzkehlpfäffchen
Marsh Seedeater Sporophila palustris Sumpfpfäffchen
Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila castaneiventris Rotbauchpfäffchen
Chestnut Seedeater Sporophila cinnamomea Zimtpfäffchen
Black-bellied Seedeater@ Sporophila melanogaster Schwarzbauchpfäffchen
Chestnut-throated Seedeater Sporophila telasco Braunkehlpfäffchen
Nicaraguan Seedfinch Oryzoborus nuttingi Nicaraguareisknacker
Large-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus crassirostris Mohrenreisknacker
Great-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus maximiliani Dickschnabel-Reisknacker
Black-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus atrirostris Schwarzschnabel-Reisknacker
Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis Schwarzkopf-Reisknacker
Thick-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus funereus Schwarzkopf-Reisknacker
Blue Seedeater Cyanoloxia concolor Indigopfäffchen
Slate-Blue Seedeater@ Cyanoloxia relicta
Blackish-blue Seedeater Cyanoloxia moesta Weißachselpfäffchen
Carrizal Seedeater@ Cyanoloxia carrizalensis
Greater Antillean Bullfinch Melopyrrha violacea Schwarzgimpelfink
White-naped Seedeater Dolospingus fringilloides Weißnackenpfäffchen
Band-tailed Seedeater Catamenia analis Spiegelcatamenie
Plain-colored Seedeater Catamenia inornata Schlichtcatamenie
Paramo Seedeater Catamenia homochroa Schlankschnabelcatamenie
Dull-colored Grassquit "Loxigilla" obscura Braunpfäffchen
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola Safranammer
Grassland Yellow-Finch Sicalis luteola Kurzschnabel-Gilbammer
Misto Yellow-Finch Sicalis luteiventris
Raimondi's Yellow-Finch@ Sicalis raimondii Grauflanken-Gilbammer
Sulphur-throated Finch Sicalis taczanowskii Taczanowskigilbammer
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch Emberizoides herbicola Keilschwanzammer
Duida Grass-Finch@ Emberizoides duidae Duidaammer
Grey-cheeked Grass-Finch Emberizoides ypiranganus Ypirangaammer
Great Pampa-Finch Embernagra platensis Pampaammer
Pale-throated Pampa-Finch@ Embernagra longicauda Langschwanzammer
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina Jacariniammer
Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis Riesenpfäffchen
Temminck's Seedeater@ Sporophila falcirostris Falzschnabelpfäffchen
Slate-colored Seedeater Sporophila schistacea Schiefferpfäffchen
Grey Seedeater Sporophila intermedia Einfarbpfäffchen
Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea Graupfäffchen
Variable Seedeater Sporophila corvina
Wing-barred Seedeater Sporophila americana Wechselpfäffchen
Caqueta Seedeater Sporophila murallae
White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola Braunbürzelpfäffchen
Rusty-collared Seedeater Sporophila collaris Erzpfäffchen
Lesson's Seedeater Sporophila bouvronides Diamantpfäffchen
Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola Diamantpfäffchen
Black-and-white Seedeater Sporophila luctuosa Trauerpfäffchen
Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis Gelbbauchpfäffchen
Dubois's Seedeater@ Sporophila ardesiaca Duboispfäffchen
Hooded Seedeater@ Sporophila melanops Kapuzenpfäffchen
Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens Schmuckpfäffchen
White-throated Seedeater@ Sporophila albogularis Weißkehlpfäffchen
White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera Zweifarbenpfäffchen
Cuban Grassquit@ Phonipara canora Kubafink
Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivaceus Goldbraue
Black-faced Grassquit Melanospiza bicolor Schwartzgesichtchen
Sooty Grassquit Loxigilla fuliginosa Scharzbrüstchen
Yellow-shouldered Grassquit@ Loxipasser anoxanthus Goldbug-Gimpelfink
Cuban Bullfinch Melopyrrha nigra Rotkopf-Gimpelfink
Puerto Rican Bullfinch Melopyrrha portoricensis Rotsteiß-Gimpelfink
Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis Bartgimpelfink
Bardabos Bullfinch@ Loxigilla barbadensis
St Lucia Black Finch@ Melanospiza richardsoni Blaßfuß-Gimpelfink
Large Ground-Finch@ Geospiza magnirostris Großgrundfink
Medium Ground-Finch@ Geospiza fortis Mittelgrundfink
Small Ground-Finch@ Geospiza fuliginosa Kleingrundfink Pinzón de Darwin Fuliginosa
Sharp-beaked Ground-Finch@ Geospiza difficilis Spitzschnabel-Grundfink Pinzón de Darwin Picofino
Common Cactus-Finch@ Geospiza scandens Kaktusgrundfink
Large Cactus-Finch@ Geospiza conirostris Opuntiengrundfink
Vegetarian Finch@ Platyspiza crassirostris Dickschnabel-Darwinfink
Large Tree-Finch@ Camarhynchus psittacula Papageischnabel-Darwinfink Pinzón de Darwin Lorito
Medium Tree-Finch@ Camarhynchus pauper Kleinschnabel-Darwinfink
Small Tree-Finch@ Camarhynchus parvulus Zwergdarwinfink Pinzón de Darwin Chico
Woodpecker Finch@ Camarhynchus pallidus Spechtfink
Mangrove Finch@ Camarhynchus heliobates Mangrovedarwinfink
Green Warbler-Finch@ Certhidea olivacea Waldsänger-Darwinfink Pinzón de Darwin Oliváceo
Cocos Finch@ Pinaroloxias inornata Kokosfink Pinzón de Darwin de la Cocos
Rufous-backed Inca-Finch@ Incaspiza personata Schwarzstirnammer
Grey-winged Inca-Finch@ Incaspiza ortizi Grauflügelammer
Buff-bridled Inca-Finch@ Incaspiza laeta Goldschnabelammer
Little Inca-Finch@ Incaspiza watkinsi Watkinsammer
Bay-chested Warbling-Finch@ Paranospiza thoracica Maronenbrust-Ammerfink
Sao Paulo Warbling-Finch@ Poospiza sp.nov
Bolivian Warbling-Finch@ Poospiza boliviana Zimtbrust-Ammerfink
Plain-tailed Warbling-Finch@ Microspingus alticola Grauschwanz-Ammerfink
Rufous-sided Warbling-Finch Poospiza hypocondria Rotflanken-Ammerfink
Rusty-browed Warbling-Finch Microspingus erythrophrys Rostbrauen-Ammerfink
Cinnamon Warbling-Finch@ Poospiza ornata Schmuckammerfink
Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch Poospiza nigrorufa Rotbrust-Ammerfink
Black-and-chestnut Warbling-Finch Poospiza whitii
Buff-throated Warbling-Finch@ Microspingus lateralis Rotbürzel-Ammerfink Monterita Culirrufa
Rufous-breasted Warbling-Finch@ Poospiza rubecula Rostbauch-Ammerfink
Cochabamba Mountain-Finch@ Poospiza garleppi Garleppammerfink
Tucuman Mountain-Finch Poospiza baeri Baerammerfink
Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finch@ Poospizopsis caesar Kaiserammerfink
Collared Warbling-Finch Poospiza hispaniolensis Schwarzbrust-Ammerfink
Ringed Warbling-Finch Microspingus torquatus Bandammerfink
Black-capped Warbling-Finch Microspingus melanoleucus
Cinereous Warbling-Finch@ Microspingus cinereus Schwarzwangen-Ammerfink
Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch Sicalis citrina Zitronengilbammer
Puna Yellow-Finch Sicalis lutea Punasafranammer
Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch Sicalis uropygialis Goldbürzel-Gilbammer
Citron-headed Yellow-Finch@ Sicalis luteocephala Graunacken-Gilbammer
Greater Yellow-Finch Sicalis auriventris Goldbauch-Gilbammer
Greenish Yellow-Finch Sicalis olivascens Olivbrust-Gilbammer
Patagonian Yellow-Finch Sicalis lebruni Magellangilbammer
Orange-fronted Yellow-Finch Sicalis columbiana Zwergsafranammer
Peruvian Sierra-Finch Phrygilus punensis
Black-hooded Sierra-Finch Phrygilus atriceps Kapuzenämmerling
Grey-hooded Sierra-Finch Phrygilus gayi Kordillerenämmerling
Patagonian Sierra-Finch Phrygilus patagonicus Magellanämmerling
Mourning Sierra-Finch Rhopospina fruticeti Strauchämmerling
Plumbeous Sierra-Finch Geospizopsis unicolor Bleiämmerling
Red-backed Sierra-Finch Diuca dorsalis Braunmantelämmerling
White-throated Sierra-Finch Diuca erythronota Weißkehlämmerling
Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch Geospizopsis plebejus Aschbrustämmerling
Carbonated Sierra-Finch@ Phrygilus carbonarius Schwarzbrustämmerling
Band-tailed Sierra-Finch Phrygilus alaudinus Schwarzfleckenämmerling
Canary-winged Finch Melanodera melanodera Schwarzkehl-Ammerfink
Yellow-bridled Finch Melanodera xanthogramma Zügelammerfink
Slaty Finch Haplospiza rustica Schieferämmerling
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor Einfarbämmerling
Peg-billed Finch Haplospiza bairdii Spitzschnabelämmerling
Black-crested Finch Lophospingus pusillus Schwarzhauben-Zwergkardinal
Grey-crested Finch Lophospingus griseocristatus Grauhauben-Zwergkardinal
Long-tailed Reed-Finch Donacospiza albifrons Riedammerfink
Gough Finch@ Rowettia goughensis Goughammerfink
Nightingale Finch@ Nesospiza acunhae Tristanammerfink Yal de la Inaccessible
Wilkins's Finch@ Nesospiza wilkinsi Wilkinsammerfink Yal de Wilkins
White-winged Diuca-Finch Diuca speculifera Spiegeldiuca
Common Diuca-Finch Hedyglossa diuca Braunsteißdiuca
Short-tailed Finch Diuca brachyura Kurzschwanzdiuca
Cinereous Finch@ Piezorhina cinerea Grauämmerling
Slender-billed Finch Xenospingus concolor Feinschnabelämmerling
Great Inca-Finch@ Incaspiza pulchra Inkaammer
White-throated Shrike-Tanager Lanio leucothorax Weißkehl-Würgertangare
Rufous-crested Tanager Creurgops verticalis Ockerschopftangare
Slaty Tanager Creurgops dentata Schiefertangare
Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons
Scarlet-browed Tanager Heterospingus xanthopygius Brauenschopftangare
Flame-crested Tanager Lanio cristatus Haubentangare
Yellow-crested Tanager Lanio rufiventer Gelbschopftangare
Fulvous-crested Tanager Lanio surinamus Goldschopftangare
White-shouldered Tanager Lanio luctuosus Trauertangare
Tawny-crested Tanager Lanio delatrii Schwarzachseltangare
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus Krontangare
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus Schwarztangare
Red-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus phoenicius Rotschultertangare
Black-goggled Tanager Lanio melanops Haarschopftangare
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica Karminameisentangare
Red-throated Ant-Tanager Habia fuscicauda Rotkehl-Ameisentangare
Black-cheeked Ant-Tanager@ Habia atrimaxillaris Schwarzwangen-Ameisentangare
Sooty Ant-Tanager@ Habia gutturalis Graurücken-Ameisentangare
Crested Ant-Tanager@ Habia cristata Scharlachhauben-Ameisentangare
Flame-colored Tanager Piranga bidentata Bluttangare
Hepatic Tanager Piranga hepatica
Highland Hepatic-Tanager Piranga lutea
Lowland Hepatic-Tanager Piranga flava Zinnobertangare
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra Sommertangare
Rose-throated Tanager Piranga roseogularis Rosenkehltangare
Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea Scharlachtangare
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Kieferntangare
White-winged Tanager Piranga leucoptera Weißbindentangare
Red-headed Tanager@ Piranga erythrocephala Rotkopftangare
Red-hooded Tanager Piranga rubriceps Scharlachkopftangare
Three-striped Hemispingus Microspingus trifasciatus Streifenhemispingus
Chestnut-headed Tanager Thlypopsis castaneiceps Zimtkopftangare
Fulvous-headed Tanager Thlypopsis fulviceps Rostkopftangare
Rufous-chested Tanager Thlypopsis ornata Zimtbrusttangare
Brown-flanked Tanager@ Thlypopsis pectoralis Braunflankentangare
Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordida Orangekopftangare
Buff-bellied Tanager@ Thlypopsis inornata Braunbauchtangare
Rust-and-yellow Tanager Thlypopsis ruficeps Goldkappentangare
Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira Guiratangare
Rufous-headed Tanager@ Hemithraupis ruficapilla Rostkappentangare
Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis Gelbbürzeltangare
Black-and-yellow Tanager Chrysothlypis chrysomelas Zitronentangare
Scarlet-and-white Tanager Chrysothlypis salmoni Seidenflankentangare
Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata Schwarzkappentangare
Cherry-throated Tanager@ Nemosia rourei Rubinkehltangare
Black-crowned Palm-Tanager Phaenicophilus palmarum Schwarzscheitel-Palmtangare
Grey-crowned Palm-Tanager@ Phaenicophilus poliocephalus Grauscheitel-Palmtangare
Eastern Chat-Tanager@ Calyptophilus frugivorus Schmätzertangare
Western Chat-Tanager Calyptophilus tertius
Rosy Thrush-Tanager Rhodinocichla rosea Trupialtangare
Dusky-faced Tanager Mitrospingus cassinii Rußgesichttangare
Olive-backed Tanager Mitrospingus oleagineus Olivmanteltangare
Carmiol's Tanager Habia carmioli Carmioltangare
Lemon-spectacled Tanager Habia olivacea Gelbbrauentangare
Ochre-breasted Tanager Habia stolzmanni Ockerbrusttangare
Olive-green Tanager@ Orthogonys chloricterus Olivtangare
Grey-headed Tanager Lanio penicillatus Graukopftangare
Fulvous Shrike-Tanager Lanio fulvus Braunbrust-Würgertangare
White-winged Shrike-Tanager Lanio versicolor Gelbstirn-Würgertangare
Black-throated Shrike-Tanager Lanio aurantius Schwarzkehl-Würgertangare
Cone-billed Tanager@ Conothraupis mesoleuca Witwentangare
Red-billed Pied Tanager Lamprospiza melanoleuca Rotschnabeltangare
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana Elstertangare
Grass-green Tanager Chlorornis riefferii Papageitangare
Scarlet-throated Tanager@ Sericossypha loricata Rotbrusttangare Tangara Gorjirroja
White-capped Tanager Sericossypha albocristata Weißkappentangare Tangara Coroniblanca
Puerto Rican Tanager@ Nesospingus speculiferus Brustfleckentangare
Brown-headed Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus ophthalmicus Mexico-Buschtangare Clorospingo de Mexico
Tacarcuna Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus tacarcunae Tacarcunabuschtangare
Pirre Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus inornatus Schwarzwangen-Buschtangare Clorospingo del Pirre
Dusky Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus semifuscus Braubrsut-Buschtangare
Sooty-capped Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus pileatus Weißbrauen-Buschtangare
Yellow-whiskered Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus parvirostris Kurzschnabel-Buschtangare
Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus flavigularis Gelbkehl-Buschtangare
Yellow-green Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus flavovirens Schwarzstirn-Buschtangare
Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus canigularis Graukehl-Buschtangare
Grey-hooded Bush-Tanager Cnemoscopus rubrirostris Graukopf-Buschtangare
Black-capped Hemispingus Episkuniospingus atropileus Schwarzkappenhemispingus
White-browed Hemispingus@ Episkuniospingus auricularis
Orange-browed Hemispingus Episkuniospingus calophrys
Parodi's Hemispingus@ Episkuniospingus parodii Parodihemispingus
Superciliaried Hemispingus Thlyposis superciliaris Augenbrauenhemispingus
Grey-capped Hemispingus@ Exospingus reyi Graukappenhemispingus
Oleaginous Hemispingus Sphenopsis frontalis Olivrückenhemispingus
Black-eared Hemispingus Sphenopsis melanotis Schwarzwangenhemispingus
Piura Hemispingus Sphenopsis piurae
Slaty-backed Hemispingus@ Poospiza goeringi Graurückenhemispingus
Rufous-browed Hemispingus@ Poospiza rufosuperciliaris Zimtbrauenhemispingus
Black-headed Hemispingus Pseudospingus verticalis Schwarzkopfhemispingus
Drab Hemispingus Pseudospingus xanthophthalmus Gelbaugenhemispingus
Brown Tanager@ Orchesticus abeillei Fuchstangare
Cinnamon Tanager@ Schistochlamys ruficapillus Gimpeltangare
Black-faced Tanager Schistochlamys melanopis Schleiertangare
White-banded Tanager Neothraupis fasciata Flügelbindentangare
White-rumped Tanager Cypsnagra hirundinacea Weißbürzeltangare
Black-and-white Tanager Conothraupis speculigera Spiegeltangare
Many-coloured Chaco-Finch Saltatricula multicolor Vielfarbenammer
Pileated Finch Lanio pileatus Grauer Kronfink
Red-crested Finch Lanio cucullatus Haubenfink
Crimson-breasted Finch Lanio cruentus Purpurkronfink
Plushcap Catamblyrhynchus diadema Plüschkopftangare
Dickcissel Spiza americana Dickzissel
Tanager Finch Oreothraupis arremonops Tangarenbuschammer
Black-backed Bush-Tanager Urothraupis stolzmanni Stolzmanntangare
Pardusco@ Nephelornis oneilli Pardusco
Coal-crested Finch Charitospiza eucosma Weißohr-Zwergkardinal
Black-masked Finch Coryphaspiza melanotis Camposammer
Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus Türkisnaschvogel
Tit-like Dacnis Xenodacnis parina Meisenpitpit
Giant Conebill Oreomanes fraseri Riesenspitzschnabel
Cinnamon-bellied Flower-piercer Diglossa baritula Zimtbauch-Hakenschnabel
Slaty Flower-piercer Diglossa plumbea
Rusty Flower-piercer Diglossa sittoides
Chestnut-bellied Flower-piercer@ Diglossa gloriosissima
Glossy Flower-piercer Diglossa lafresnayii Stahlhakenschnabel
Moustached Flower-piercer Diglossa mystacalis
Merida Flower-piercer@ Diglossa gloriosa
Black Flower-piercer Diglossa humeralis
Black-throated Flower-piercer Diglossa brunneiventris
Grey-bellied Flower-piercer@ Diglossa carbonaria Grauschulter-Hakenschnabel
Venezuelan Flower-piercer@ Diglossa venezuelensis Trauerhakenschnabel
White-sided Flower-piercer Diglossa albilatera Schieferhakenschnabel
Scaled Flower-piercer Diglossa duidae Schuppenbrust-Hakenschnabel
Greater Flower-piercer Diglossa major Strichelhakenschnabel
Indigo Flower-piercer Diglossopis indigotica Indigohakenschnabel
Deep-blue Flower-piercer Diglossopis glauca Ultramarin-Hakenschnabel
Bluish Flower-piercer Diglossopis caerulescens Silberhakenschnabel
Masked Flower-piercer Diglossopis cyanea Maskenhakenschnabel
Orangequit@ Euneornis campestris Braunlätzchen
Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis Schwalbentangare
Yellow-throated Euphonia Euphonia hirundinacea Schwalbenorganist
Green-chinned Euphonia Euphonia chalybea Bronzeorganist
Elegant Euphonia Cyanophonia elegantissima Blaukappenorganist
Antillean Euphonia Cyanophonia musica Antillenorganist
Golden-rumped Euphonia Cyanophonia cyanocephala
Fulvous-vented Euphonia Euphonia fulvicrissa Roststeißorganist
Spot-crowned Euphonia Euphonia imitans Stirnfleckenorganist
Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi Olivrückenorganist
White-lored Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta Zügelorganist
Bronze-green Euphonia Euphonia mesochrysa Grünscheitelorganist
White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta Weißbauchorganist
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae Braunscheitelorganist
Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster Gelbbauchorganist
Rufous-bellied Euphonia Euphonia rufiventris Rotbauchorganist
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis Braunbauchorganist
Golden-sided Euphonia Euphonia cayennensis Cayenneorganist
Yellow-collared Chlorophonia Chlorophonia flavirostris Halsbandorganist
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea Grünorganist
Chestnut-breasted Chlorophonia Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys Schwarzbrauenorganist
Blue-crowned Chlorophonia Chlorophonia occipitalis Blauscheitelorganist
Golden-browed Chlorophonia Chlorophonia callophrys Goldbrauenorganist
Glistening-green Tanager Chlorochrysa phoenicotis Rotohr-Bunttangare
Orange-eared Tanager Chlorochrysa calliparaea Braunohr-Bunttangare
Multicolored Tanager@ Chlorochrysa nitidissima Schwarzohr-Bunttangare
Plain-colored Tanager Tangara inornata Schlichttangare
Azure-rumped Tanager Tangara cabanisi Cabanistangare
Grey-and-gold Tanager Tangara palmeri Palmertangare
Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana Türkistangare
Brazilian Tanager@ Ramphocelus bresilius
Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis Siebenfarbentangare
Hooded Mountain-Tanager Buthraupis montana Blaurücken-Bergtangare
Black-chested Mountain-Tanager Cnemathraupis eximia Schwarzbrust-Bergtangare
Golden-backed Mountain-Tanager@ Cnemathraupis aureodorsalis Goldrücken-Bergtangare
Masked Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus wetmorei Wetmoretangare
Orange-throated Tanager Wetmorethraupis sterrhopteron Veilchenschultertangare
Santa Marta Mountain-Tanager@ Anisognathus melanogenys Schwarzwangen-Bergtangare
Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus lacrymosus Tränenbergtangare
Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus igniventris Mennigohr-Bergtangare
Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus somptuosus Blauschwingen-Bergtangare
Black-chinned Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus notabilis Schwarzkinn-Bergtangare
Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus Diademtangare
Purplish-mantled Tanager Iridosornis porphyrocephala Purpurmanteltangare
Yellow-throated Tanager Iridosornis analis Gelbkehltangare
Golden-collared Tanager Iridosornis jelskii Jelskitangare
Golden-crowned Tanager Iridosornis rufivertex Goldscheiteltangare
Yellow-scarfed Tanager@ Iridosornis reinhardti Goldbandtangare
Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager Dubusia taeniata Silberbrauen-Bergtangare
Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager Dubusia castaneoventris Braunbauch-Bergtangare
Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota Schwarzrückentangare
Jamaican Euphonia@ Euphonia jamaica Gimpelorganist
Plumbeous Euphonia Euphonia plumbea Grauorganist
Scrub Euphonia Euphonia affinis Buschorganist
Yellow-crowned Euphonia Euphonia luteicapilla Gelbscheitelorganist
Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica Purpurkehlorganist
Trinidad Euphonia Euphonia trinitatis Trinidadorganist
Velvet-fronted Euphonia@ Euphonia concinna Samtstirnorganist
Orange-crowned Euphonia Euphonia saturata Orangescheitelorganist
Finsch's Euphonia Euphonia finschi Finschorganist
Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea Veilchenorganist
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris Dickschnabelorganist
Seven-colored Tanager@ Tangara fastuosa Vielfarbentangare
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon Dreifarbentangare
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala Blaukappentangare
Brassy-breasted Tanager@ Tangara desmaresti Orangebrusttangare
Gilt-edged Tanager@ Tangara cyanoventris Blaubrusttangare
Blue-whiskered Tanager Tangara johannae Blaubarttangare
Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii Goldbrusttangare
Emerald Tanager Tangara florida Smaragdtangare
Golden Tanager Tangara arthus Goldtangare
Silver-throated Tanager Tangara icterocephala Silberkehltangare
Saffron-crowned Tanager Tangara xanthocephala Gelbkopftangare
Golden-eared Tanager Tangara chrysotis Goldohrtangare
Flame-faced Tanager Tangara parzudakii Rotstirntangare
Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra Gelbbauchtangare
Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata Drosseltangare
Speckled Tanager Tangara guttata Fleckentangare
Dotted Tanager Tangara varia Tüpfeltangare
Rufous-throated Tanager Tangara rufigula Rostkehltangare
Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola Grüntangare
Rufous-winged Tanager Tangara lavinia Goldflügeltangare
Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana Isabelltangare
Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata Rotkappentangare
Black-backed Tanager Tangara peruviana Schwarzmanteltangare
Chestnut-backed Tanager Tangara preciosa Prachttangare
Scrub Tanager Tangara vitriolina Rotscheiteltangare
Green-capped Tanager@ Tangara meyerdeschauenseei Grünkappentangare
Rufous-cheeked Tanager@ Tangara rufigenis Rotwangentangare
Golden-naped Tanager Tangara ruficervix Rotnackentangare
Metallic-green Tanager Tangara labradorides Schwarznackentangare
Blue-browed Tanager Tangara cyanotis Silberbrauentangare
Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis Azurkopftangare
Golden-hooded Tanager Tangara larvata Purpurmaskentangare
Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta Schwarzbrusttangare
Spangle-cheeked Tanager Tangara dowii Glanzfleckentangare
Green-naped Tanager@ Tangara fucosa Grünnackentangare
Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis Silberfleckentangare
Blue-and-black Tanager Tangara vassorii Vassoritangare
Black-capped Tanager Tangara heinei Heinetangare
Sira Tanager@ Tangara phillipsi Siratangare
Silver-backed Tanager Tangara viridicollis Silbertangare
Straw-backed Tanager Tangara argyrofenges Grünkehltangare
Black-headed Tanager Tangara argentea Blauflügeltangare
Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia Rotbauchtangare
Silver-breasted Tanager@ Tangara cyanomelaena
Opal-crowned Tanager Tangara callophrys Opalscheiteltangare
Golden-collared Honeycreeper Iridophanes pulcherrima Halsbandtangare
Turquoise Dacnis@ Dacnis hartlaubi Türkispitpit
White-bellied Dacnis Dacnis albiventris Weißbauchpitpit
Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata Maskenpitpit
Yellow-tufted Dacnis Dacnis egregia Gelbbauchpipit Dacnis Ventriamarillo
Yellow-bellied Dacnis Dacnis flaviventer Gelbbauchpitpit
Black-legged Dacnis@ Dacnis nigripes Schwarzfußpitpit
Scarlet-thighed Dacnis Dacnis venusta Rotschenkelpitpit
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana Blaukopfpitpit
Viridian Dacnis Dacnis viguieri Panamapitpit
Scarlet-breasted Dacnis Dacnis berlepschi Rotbrustpitpit
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza Kappennaschvogel
Short-billed Honeycreeper Cyanerpes nitidus Kurzschnabel-Naschvogel
Shining Honeycreeper Cyanerpes lucidus Azurnaschvogel
Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus Purpurnaschvogel
Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum Rotsteiß-Spitzschnabel
White-eared Conebill Conirostrum leucogenys Weißohr-Spitzschnabel
Bicolored Conebill Conirostrum bicolor Zweifarben-Spitzschnabel
Pearly-breasted Conebill Conirostrum margaritae Perlbrust-Spitzschnabel
Cinereous Conebill Conirostrum cinereum Weißstirn-Spitzschnabel
Tamarugo Conebill Conirostrum tamarugense Rotstirn-Spitzschnabel
White-browed Conebill Conirostrum ferrugineiventre Weißbrauen-Spitzschnabel
Rufous-browed Conebill Conirostrum rufum Rotbrauen-Spitzschnabel
Blue-backed Conebill Conirostrum sitticolor Blaurücken-Spitzschnabel
Capped Conebill Conirostrum albifrons Kappenspitzschnabel
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola Zuckervogel
Pearly-bellied Seedeater Sporophila pileata
Grey-throated Warbling-Finch@ Microspingus cabanisi Graubrust-Ammerfink Monterita de Cabanis
Nightingale Finch@ Nesospiza questi Questammerfink Yal de la Nightingale
Wetmore's Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus wetmorei Wetmore-Buschtangare Clorospingo de Wetmore
Dwight's Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus dwighti Dwight-Buschtangare Clorospingo de Dwight
White-headed Bush-Tanager@ Chlorospingus albifrons Weißkopf-Buschtangare Clorospingo con Cabeza Blanca
Dotted Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus punctulatus
Dusky-headed Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus postocularis Dunkelkopf-Buschtangare Clorospingo con Cabeza Oscura
Andean Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus flavopectus Anden-Buschtangare Clorospingo de los Andes
Central Peruvian Bush-Tanager@ Chlorospingus cinereocephalus Pere-Buschtangare Clorospingo de Peru
Ecuadorian Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus phaeocephalus Ecuador-Buschtangare Clorospingo de Ecuador
Blackish-blue Seedeater Cyanoloxia moesta Weißachselpfäffchen
Grey Warbler-Finch@ Certhidea fusca Blindloedarwinfink Pinzón de Darwin Gris

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au