English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Chestnut-bellied Kingfisher@ Todiramphus farquhari Braunbauchliest
Red-backed Kingfisher@ Todiramphus pyrrhopygius Rotbürzelliest
Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher@ Todiramphus australasia Timorliest
Sacred Kingfisher Todiramphus sanctus Götzenliest
Micronesian Kingfisher Todiramphus cinnamominus Guamliest Alcón de Guam
Sombre Kingfisher@ Todiramphus funebris Molukkenliest
Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris Halsbandliest
Talaud Kingfisher@ Todiramphus enigma Talautliest
Beach Kingfisher Todiramphus saurophagus Echsenliest
Flat-billed Kingfisher@ Todiramphus recurvirostris Flachschnabelliest
Society Kingfisher@ Todiramphus veneratus Tahitiliest
Chattering Kingfisher Todiramphus tutus Boraboraliest
Mewing Kingfisher@ Todiramphus ruficollaris Mangaialiest
Tuamotu Kingfisher@ Todiramphus gambieri Tuamotuliest
Marquesan Kingfisher@ Todiramphus godeffroyi Marquesasliest
Glittering Kingfisher@ Caridonax fulgidus Glitzerliest
Moustached Kingfisher@ Actenoides bougainvillei Bartliest
Rufous-collared Kingfisher Actenoides concretus Malaienliest
Spotted Kingfisher@ Actenoides lindsayi Tropfenliest
Blue-capped Kingfisher@ Actenoides hombroni Mindanaoliest
Green-backed Kingfisher@ Actenoides monachus Einsiedlerliest
Scaly Kingfisher@ Actenoides princeps Königsliest
Yellow-billed Kingfisher Syma torotoro Gelbschnabelliest
Mountain Kingfisher@ Syma megarhyncha Bergliest
Little Paradise-Kingfisher Tanysiptera hydrocharis Feenliest
Common Paradise-Kingfisher Tanysiptera galatea Spatelliest
Biak Paradise-Kingfisher@ Tanysiptera riedelii Biakliest
Numfor Paradise-Kingfisher@ Tanysiptera carolinae Numforliest
Kofiau Paradise-Kingfisher@ Tanysiptera ellioti Elliotliest
Red-breasted Paradise-Kingfisher@ Tanysiptera nympha Nymphenliest
Brown-winged Kingfisher Pelargopsis amauroptera Braunflügelliest
Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis Storchschnabelliest
Great-billed Kingfisher@ Pelargopsis melanorhyncha Schwarzschnabelliest
Banded Kingfisher Lacedo pulchella Wellenliest
Laughing Kookaburra@ Dacelo novaeguineae Jägerliest
Blue-winged Kookaburra Dacelo leachii Haubenliest
Spangled Kookaburra Dacelo tyro Aruliest
Rufous-bellied Kookaburra Dacelo gaudichaud Rotbauchliest
Shovel-billed Kookaburra@ Clytoceyx rex Froschschnabelliest
Hook-billed Kingfisher@ Melidora macrorrhina Hakenliest
Lilac Kingfisher@ Cittura cyanotis Blauohrliest
Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda Feuerliest
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia Kastanienliest
White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis Braunliest Martín Pescador Turco
Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata Kappenliest
Javan Kingfisher@ Halcyon cyanoventris Javaliest
Grey-headed Kingfisher Halcyon leucocephala Graukopfliest Martín Pescador de Cabeza Gris
Woodland Kingfisher Halcyon senegalensis Senegalliest
Mangrove Kingfisher Halcyon senegaloides Mangroveliest
Blue-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon malimbica Zügelliest
Brown-hooded Kingfisher Halcyon albiventris Braunkopfliest
Striped Kingfisher Halcyon chelicuti Streifenliest
Blue-black Kingfisher@ Todiramphus nigrocyaneus Dunkelliest
Rufous-lored Kingfisher@ Todiramphus winchelli Rotnackenliest
Blue-and-white Kingfisher@ Todiramphus diops Lasurliest
Lazuli Kingfisher@ Todiramphus lazuli Lazuliliest
Forest Kingfisher Todiramphus macleayii Spiegelliest
New Britain Kingfisher@ Todiramphus albonotatus Weißrückenliest
Ultramarine Kingfisher@ Todiramphus leucopygius Ultramarinliest
Brown-headed Paradise-Kingfisher@ Tanysiptera danae Braunmantelliest
Buff-breasted Paradise-Kingfisher Tanysiptera sylvia Paradiesliest
Palau Kingfisher@ Todiramphus pelewensis Palauliest Alcón de Palau
Pohnpei Kingfisher@ Todiramphus reichenbachii Pohnpeiliest Alcón de Pohnpei

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au