English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
White-capped Monarch@ Monarcha richardsii Richardmonarch
Loetoe Monarch@ Carterornis castus
White-naped Monarch@ Carterornis pileatus
White-eared Monarch@ Carterornis leucotis Weißohrmonarch
Spot-winged Monarch Symposiachrus guttula Perlenflügelmonarch
Black-bibbed Monarch@ Symposiachrus mundus Tanimbarmonarch
Flores Monarch@ Symposiachrus sacerdotum Floresmonarch
White-tipped Monarch@ Symposiachrus everetti Everettmonarch
Black-chinned Monarch@ Symposiachrus boanensis Boanomonarch
Spectacled Monarch Symposiachrus trivirgatus Brillenmonarch
Black-tipped Monarch@ Symposiachrus loricatus Burumonarch
White-tailed Monarch@ Symposiachrus leucurus Weißschwanzmonarch
Kofiau Monarch@ Symposiachrus julianae Julianamonarch
Hooded Monarch@ Symposiarchus manadensis Zweifarbenmonarch
Biak Monarch@ Symposiachrus brehmii Biakmonarch
Manus Monarch@ Symposiachrus infelix Silberschwanzmonarch
White-breasted Monarch@ Symposiachrus menckei Weißrückenmonarch
Black-tailed Monarch@ Symposiachrus verticalis Stirnschopfmonarch
Solomons Monarch@ Symposiachrus barbatus Weißbartmonarch
Kolombangra Monarch@ Symposiachrus browni Salomonenmonarch
White-collared Monarch@ Symposiachrus vidua Schuppenmonarch
Yap Monarch@ Monarcha godeffroyi Yapmonarch
Tinian Monarch@ Monarcha takatsukasae Tinianmonarch
Golden Monarch Carterornis chrysomela Goldmonarch
Rufous-collared Monarch@ Arses insularis
Frilled Monarch Arses telescopthalmus Krausenmonarch
Frill-necked Monarch@ Arses lorealis
Pied Monarch@ Arses kaupi Elstermonarch
Mangrove Flycatcher@ Myiagra erythrops
Guam Flycatcher@+ Myiagra freycineti Guammonarch
Blue Paradise-Flycatcher@ Terpsiphone cyanescens Kobaltparadiesschnäpper
Rufous Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone cinnamomea Zimtparadiesschnäpper
Sao Tome Paradise-Flycatcher@ Terpsiphone atrochalybeia Stahlparadiesschnäpper
Madagascar Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone mutata Rotbrust-Paradiesschnäpper
Seychelles Paradise-Flycatcher@ Terpsiphone corvina Seychellenparadiesschnäpper
Mascarene Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone bourbonnensis Maskarenenparadiesschnäpper
Hawaii Elepaio@ Chasiempis sandwichensis Elepaio
Raratonga Monarch@ Pomarea dimidiata Rarotongamonarch
Tahiti Monarch@ Pomarea nigra Tahitimonarch
Maupiti Monarch@+ Pomarea pomarea
Marquesan Monarch@ Pomarea mendozae Marquesasmonarch
Iphis Monarch@ Pomarea iphis Fleckenmonarch
Fatuhiva Monarch@ Pomarea whitneyi Fatuhivamonarch
Versicoloured Monarch@ Mayrornis versicolor Rostbrustmonarch
Slaty Monarch@ Mayrornis lessoni Schwarzschwanzmonarch
Vanikoro Monarch@ Neolalage schistaceus Vanikoromonarch
Buff-bellied Monarch@ Neolalage banksiana Harlekinmonarch
Southern Shrikebill Clytorhynchus pachycephaloides Hybridenwürgermonarch
Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis Fidschiwürgermonarch
Black-throated Shrikebill Clytorhynchus nigrogularis Schwarzkehl-Würgermonarch
Santa Cruz Shrikebill@ Clytorhynchus sanctaecrucis
Rennell Shrikebill@ Clytorhynchus hamlini Rennellwürgermonarch
Chuuk Monarch@ Metabolus rugensis Trukmonarch
Black Monarch@ Symposiachrus axillaris Fächerschwanzmonarch
Rufous Monarch@ Symposiachrus rubiensis Fuchsmonarch
Island Monarch Monarcha cinerascens Graukopfmonarch
Black-faced Monarch Monarcha melanopsis Maskenmonarch
Black-winged Monarch Monarcha frater Schwarzflügelmonarch
Bougainville Monarch@ Monarcha erythrostictus Bougainvillemonarch
Chestnut-bellied Monarch@ Monarcha castaneiventris Schwarzrückenmonarch
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii Rotkappen-Spreizschwanz
Yellow Flycatcher Erythrocercus holochlorus Goldrücken-Spreizschwanz
Livingstone's Flycatcher Erythrocercus livingstonei Gelbbauch--Spreizschwanz
African Blue-Flycatcher Elminia longicauda Blauhaubenschnäpper
White-tailed Blue-Flycatcher Elminia albicauda Weißschwanz-Haubenschnäpper
Dusky Crested-Flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata Schwarzkopf-Haubenschnäpper
White-bellied Crested-Flycatcher Elminia albiventris Weißbauch-Haubenschnäpper
White-tailed Crested-Flycatcher Elminia albonotata Berghaubenschnäpper
Blue-mantled Crested-Flycatcher Trochocercus cyanomelas Blaumantel-Haubenschnäpper
Blue-headed Crested-Flycatcher Trochocercus nitens Glanzhaubenschnäpper
Rufous-winged Philentoma Philentoma pyrhopterum Kastanienflügelschnäpper
Maroon-breasted Philentoma Philentoma velatum Kastanienbrustschnäpper
Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea Schwarzgenickschnäpper
Short-crested Monarch@ Hypothymis helenae Helenschnäpper
Celestial Monarch@ Hypothymis coelestis Himmelschnäpper
Cerulean Paradise-Flycatcher@ Eutrichomyias rowleyi Silberparadiesschnäpper
Black-headed Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer Senegalparadiesschnäpper
Annobon Paradise-Flycatcher@ Terpsiphone smithii
Bedford's Paradise-Flycatcher@ Terpsiphone bedfordi Bedfordparadiesschnäpper
Rufous-vented Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone rufocinerea
Bates's Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone batesi
African Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone viridis Graubrust-Paradiesschnäpper
South Asian Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi Hainparadiesschnäpper
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata Japanparadiesschnäpper
Oceanic Flycatcher@ Myiagra oceanica Carolinenmonarch
Pohnpei Flycatcher@ Myiagra pluto
Slaty Flycatcher@ Myiagra galeata Molukkenmonarch
Biak Black Flycatcher@ Myiagra atra Geelvinkmonarch
Leaden Flycatcher Myiagra rubecula Silbermonarch
Steel-blue Flycatcher@ Myiagra ferrocyanea Stahlmonarch
Makira Flycatcher@ Myiagra cervinicauda San-Cristobal-Monarch
Melanesian Flycatcher Myiagra caledonica Hybridenmonarch
Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis Rotbauchmonarch
Samoan Flycatcher@ Myiagra albiventris Samoamonarch
Azure-crested Flycatcher@ Myiagra azureocapilla Schmuckmonarch
Broad-billed Flycatcher Myiagra ruficollis Breitschnabelmonarch
Satin Flycatcher Myiagra cyanoleuca Seidenmonarch
Shining Flycatcher Myiagra alecto Glanzmonarch
Velvet Flycatcher@ Myiagra hebetior Eichhornmonarch
Restless Flycatcher@ Myiagra inquieta Weißkehlmonarch
Paperbark Flycatcher Myiagra nana
Kauai Elepaio@ Chasiempis sclateri Kauai-Elepaio Monaca Elepaio de Kauai
Oahu Elepaio@ Chasiempis ibidis Oahu-Elepaio Monaca Elepaio de Oahu
Luzon Paradise-Flycatcher@ Terpsiphone unirufa Luzonparadiesschnäpper
East Asian Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone incei
Southeast Asian Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone affinis
Lesser Sundas Paradise-Flycatcher@ Terpsiphone floris Floresparadiesschnäpper

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au