English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Somali Wheatear Oenanthe phillipsi Somalisteinschmätzer
Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti Wüstensteinschmätzer Collalba Desértica
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica Mittelmeer-Steinschmätzer Collalba Rubia
Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii Felsensteinschmätzer Collalba Oriental
Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata Elstersteinschmätzer
Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens Schwarzrücken-Steinschmätzer Collalba Fúnebre
Abyssinian Black Wheatear Oenanthe lugubris
Arabian Wheatear Oenanthe lugentoides
Schalow's Wheatear Oenanthe lugubris
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha Kappensteinschmätzer Collalba Pechinegra
Hume's Wheatear Oenanthe albonigra Schwarzkopf-Steinschmätzer Collalba de Hume
Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka Nonnensteinschmätzer Collalba Pía
Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca Zypernsteinschmätzer
White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga Saharasteinschmätzer Collalba Negra de Brehm
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura Trauersteinschmätzer Collalba Negra
Mountain Wheatear Myrmecocichla monticola Bergsteinschmätzer
Buff-rumped Wheatear Oenanthe moesta Fahlbürzel-Steinschmätzer Collalba de Tristram
Capped Wheatear Oenanthe pileata Erdsteinschmätzer
White-capped Water-Redstart Phoenicurus leucocephalus
Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicatus Strauchschmätzer Tarabilla Terrestre
White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis Matterschmätzer
Canary Islands Stonechat@ Saxicola dacotiae Kanarenschmätzer Tarabilla Canaria
African Stonechat Saxicola torquatus Afrikanisches Schwarzkehlchen Tarabilla Africano
European Stonechat Saxicola rubicola Europaisches Schwarzkehlchen Tarabilla Europea
Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maurus Sibirisches Schwarzkehlchen Tarabilla Siberiana
Reunion Stonechat@ Saxicola tectes Reunionschwarzkehlchen
White-tailed Stonechat Saxicola leucurus Weißschwanz-Schwarzkehlchen
Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata Mohrenschwarzkehlchen Tarabilla Negra
Black Bushchat@ Saxicola aethiops
Jerdon's Bushchat Saxicola jerdoni Jerdonschmätzer
Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferreus Grauschmätzer
White-bellied Bushchat@ Saxicola gutturalis Timorschmätzer
Buff-streaked Chat@ Campicoloides bifasciatus Falhschulterschmätzer
Congo Moor-Chat Myrmecocichla tholloni Kongoschmätzer
Northern Anteater-Chat Myrmecocichla aethiops Rußschmätzer Hormiguero
Southern Anteater-Chat Myrmecocichla formicivora Termitenschmätzer
Sooty Chat Myrmecocichla nigra Hadesschmätzer
Arnott's Chat Myrmecocichla arnotti Arnotschmätzer
White-fronted Black-Chat Oenanthe albifrons Weißstirnschmätzer
Rueppell's Chat@ Myrmecocichla melaena Einfarbschmätzer
Mocking Cliff-Chat Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris Rotbauchschmätzer
White-crowned Cliff-Chat Thamnolaea coronata
White-winged Cliff-Chat@ Monticola semirufus Spiegelschmätzer
Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina Isabellsteinschmätzer Collalba Isabel
Botta's Wheatear Oenanthe bottae Braunbrust-Steinschmätzer
Heuglin's Wheatear Oenanthe heuglini
Chestnut-rumped Wheatear Oenanthe xanthoprymna Rostbürzel-Steinschmätzer Collalba Persa
Rusty-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe chrysopygia Kaukasussteinschmätzer Collalba Afgana
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Steinschmätzer Collalba Gris
Purple Cochoa Cochoa purpurea Purpurschnäpperdrossel
Green Cochoa Cochoa viridis Smaragdschnäpperdrossel
Sumatran Cochoa@ Cochoa beccarii Sumatraschnäpperdrossel
Javan Cochoa@ Cochoa azurea Sundaschnäpperdrossel
Sicklewing Chat Emarginata sinuata Veldschmätzer
Familiar Chat Oenanthe familiaris Rostschwanz
Tractrac Chat Emarginata tractrac Oranjeschmätzer
Karoo Chat Emarginata schlegelii Bleichschmätzer
Indian Chat Oenanthe fusca Braunschmätzer
Sombre Chat@ Oenanthe dubia Dunkelschmätzer
Blackstart Oenanthe melanura Schwarzschwanz Colinegro Real
Brown-tailed Chat Oenanthe scotocerca Braunschwanz
Moorland Chat Pinarochroa sordida Almenschmätzer
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra Braunkehlchen Tarabilla Norteña
White-browed Bushchat Saxicola macrorhynchus Wüsternbraunkehlchen
Mountain Robin-Chat Cossypha isabellae Kamerunrötel
Red-capped Robin-Chat Cossypha natalensis Natalrötel
Chorister Robin-Chat@ Cossypha dichroa Spottrötel
Rueppell's Robin-Chat Cossypha semirufa Braunrückenrötel
White-browed Robin-Chat Cossypha heuglini Weißbrauenrötel
Blue-shouldered Robin-Chat Cossypha cyanocampter Blauschulterrötel
Cape Robin-Chat Dessonornis caffra Kaprötel
Olive-flanked Robin-Chat Dessonornis anomala Olivflankenrötel
White-throated Robin-Chat Dessonornis humeralis Weißkehlrötel
Snowy-crowned Robin-Chat Cossypha niveicapilla Weißscheitelrötel
White-headed Robin-Chat Cossypha heinrichi Weißkopfrötel
White-crowned Robin-Chat Cossypha albicapillus Schuppenkopfrötel
Angola Cave-Chat@ Xenocopsychus ansorgei Höhlenrötel
Spotted Morning-Thrush Cichladusa guttata Tropfenrötel
Collared Palm-Thrush Cichladusa arquata Morgenrötel
Rufous-tailed Palm-Thrush Cichladusa ruficauda Graubruströtel
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis Dajaldrossel
Seychelles Magpie-Robin@ Copsychus sechellarum Seychellendajal Shama de Seychelles
Madagascar Magpie-Robin@ Copsychus albospecularis Madagaskardajal Shama Malgache
White-rumped Shama Kittacincla malabarica Schamadrossel Shama Culiblanco
Andaman Shama@ Kittacimcla albiventris Andamanschama Shama de Andaman
White-browed Shama@ Kittacincla luzoniensis Brauenschama Shama de Luzon
White-vented Shama@ Kittacincla nigra Mohrendajal Shama de Palawan
Black Shama@ Kittacincla cebuensis Cebuschama Shama de Cebú
Gabela Akalat@ Sheppardia gabela
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis Schnäpperrötel
Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis Ugandarötel
Sharpe's Akalat Sheppardia sharpei Braunbruströtel
East Coast Akalat Sheppardia gunningi Blauflügelrötel
Usambara Akalat@ Sheppardia montana Usambararötel
Iringa Akalat@ Sheppardia lowei Njomberötel
Rubeho Akalat@ Sheppardia aurantiithorax
European Robin Erithacus rubecula Rotkehlchen Petirrojo
Japanese Robin Larvivora akahige Rostkehlnachtigall
Ryukyu Robin@ Larvivora komadori Samtkehlnachtigall
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans Schwirrnachtigall
Thrush Nightingale Luscinia luscinia Sprosser Ruiseñor Ruso
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos Nachtigall Ruiseñor Común
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope Rubinkehlchen Gargarita Roja
Bluethroat Cyanecula svecica Blaukehlchen Pechiazul
White-tailed Rubythroat Calliope pectoralis Bergrubinkehlchen
Rufous-headed Robin@ Larvivora ruficeps Rotkopfnachtigall
Black-throated Blue Robin@ Calliope obscura Schwarzkehlnachtigall
Firethroat Calliope pectardens Davidnachtigall
Indian Blue Robin Larvivora brunnea Orangenachtigall
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane Blaunachtigall Coliazul Siberiano
Northern Red-flanked Bush-Robin Tarsiger cyanurus Blauschwanz Coliazul Cejiblanco
Golden Bush-Robin Tarsiger chrysaeus Goldschwanz
White-browed Bush-Robin Tarsiger indicus Weißbrauen-Blauschwanz
Rufous-breasted Bush-Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus Rotbrust-Blauschwanz
Collared Bush-Robin@ Tarsiger johnstoniae Taiwanblauschwanz
White-bellied Robin-Chat Cossyphicula roberti Weißbauchrötel
Grey-winged Robin-Chat Sheppardia polioptera
Archer's Robin-Chat Dessonornis archeri Ruwenzorirötel
Karoo Scrub-Robin Tychaedon coryphaea Karroheckensänger Alzacola del Karroo
Red-backed Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas leucophrys Weißbrauen-Heckensänger Alzacola con Espalda Rojo
Brown-backed Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas hartlaubi Weißbrauen-Heckensänger Alzacola con Espalda Marrón
Rufous-tailed Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas galactotes Heckensänger Alzarola
Kalahari Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas paena Kalahariheckensänger Alzacola del Kalahari
Forest Scrub-Robin Tychaedon leucosticta Waldheckensänger Alzacola Selvático
Bearded Scrub-Robin Tychaedon quadrivirgata Streifenkopf-Heckensänger Alzacola Bigotudo
Miombo Scrub-Robin Tychaedon barbata Bartheckensänger Alzacola Barbudo
Brown Scrub-Robin Tychaedon signata Natalheckensänger Alzacola Pardo
Black Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas podobe Rußheckensänger Alzacola Negro
Herero Chat Namibornis herero
Boulder Chat Pinarornis plumosus
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata Sternrötel
Swynnerton's Robin Swynnertonia swynnertoni Swynnertonrötel
Western Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax Waldrötel
Olive-backed Forest Robin@ Stiphrornis pyrrholaemus Olivmantelrötel Pteirrojo Dorsooliva
Gabon Forest Robin Stiphrornis gabonensis
Eastern Forest Robin Stiphrornis xanthogaster
Alexander's Akalat Sheppardia poensis Kurzschwanzrötel
Bocage's Akalat Sheppardia bocagei Bocagerötel
Rufous-tailed Shama Trichixos pyrropygus Feuerschwanzschama Shama Colirrufo
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis Weißkehlsänger Petirrojo Turco
Ala Shan Redstart@ Phoenicurus alaschanicus Alaschanrotschwanz
Rufous-backed Redstart Phoenicurus erythronota Sprosserrotschwantz Colirrojo de Eversmann
Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus caeruleocephalus Blaukopf-Rotschwantz
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros Hausrotschwantz Colirrojo Tizón
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus Gartenrotschwantz Colirrojo Real
Hodgson's Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni Feldrotschwantz
Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis Himalayarotschwantz
White-throated Redstart Phoenicurus schisticeps Weißkehl-Rotschwantz
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus Spiegelrotschwantz
Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri Diademrotschwantz Colirrojo Diademado
White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogaster Riesenrotschwantz Colirrojo Siberiano
Luzon Water-Redstart@ Phoenicurus bicolor Luzonrötel
Plumbeous Water-Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus
White-bellied Redstart Hodgsonius phoenicuroides Kurzflügel-Rotschwantz
White-tailed Robin Myiomela leucura Schattenschmätzer
Sunda Robin@ Myiomela diana Diademschmätzer
Blue-fronted Robin Cinclidium frontale Blauschmätzer
Grandala Grandala coelicolor Grandala
Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri Stummelscherenschwanz
Sunda Forktail@ Enicurus velatus Zwergscherenschwanz
Chestnut-naped Forktail Enicurus ruficapillus Rotkopf-Scherenschwanz
Black-backed Forktail Enicurus immaculatus Schwarzrücken-Scherenschwanz
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus Graurücken-Scherenschwanz
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti Weißscheitel-Scherenschwanz
Spotted Forktail Enicurus maculatus Fleckenscherenschwanz
Philippine Magpie-Robin@ Copsychus mindanensis
Ruaha Chat Myrmecocichla collaris Ruahaschmätzer
Madagascar Stonechat Saxicola sibilla Madagasscarisches Schwarzkehlchen Tarabilla de Madagascar
Stejneger's Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri Stejneger-Schwarzkehlchen Tarabilla de Stejneger
Iranian Wheatear Oenanthe persica Iranische-Steinschmätzer Collalba de Iran

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au