English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Mindoro Scops-Owl@ Otus mindorensis Mindoroeule Autillo de Mindoro
Mantanani Scops-Owl Otus mantananensis Philippinen-Zwergohreule Autillo de la Mantanani
Simeulue Scops-Owl@ Otus umbra Simalureule Autillo de la Simeulue
African Scops-Owl Otus senegalensis Afrika-Zwergohreule Autillo Africano
Rajah Scops-Owl Otus brookii Radschaeule Autillo Rajá
Rainforest Scops-Owl@ Otus rutilus Madagaskar-Zwergohreule Autillo Malgache
Torotoroka Scops-Owl@ Otus madagascariensis Madagaskareule Autillo de Madagascar
Pemba Scops-Owl Otus pembaensis Pembaeule Autillo de Pemba
Sao Tome Scops-Owl@ Otus hartlaubi Hartlaubeule Autillo de Santo Tomé
Moheli Scops-Owl@ Otus moheliensis Mohelieule Autillo de Moheli
Anjouan Scops-Owl@ Otus capnodes Anjouaneule Autillo de Anjouan
Karthala Scops-Owl@ Otus pauliani Komoreneule Autillo de las Comores
Sulawesi Scops-Owl@ Otus manadensis Manadoeule Autillo de Célebes
Siau Scops-Owl@ Otus siaoensis Siaoeule Autillo de Siao
Sangihe Scops-Owl@ Otus collari Sangiheeule Autillo de la Sangihe
Moluccan Scops-Owl Otus magicus Molukken-Zwergohreule Autillo Moluqueño
Biak Scops-Owl Otus beccarii Beccarieule Autillo de Biak
Flores Scops-Owl@ Otus alfredi Floreseule Autillo de Flores
Nicobar Scops-Owl@ Otus alius Nicobareneule Autillo de Nicobar
Enggano Scops-Owl@ Otus enganensis Engganoeule Autillo de la Enggano
Seychelles Scops-Owl@ Otus insularis Seychelleneule Autillo de Seychelles
Wallace's Scops-Owl@ Otus silvicola Wallace-Zwergohreule Autillo de Wallace
Philippine Scops-Owl@ Otus megalotis Philippinen-Zwergohreule Autillo Filipino
Indian Scops-Owl Otus bakkamoena Indien-Zwergohreule Autillo Indio
Collared Scops-Owl Otus lettia Halsband-Zwergohreule Autillo Chino
Sunda Scops-Owl Otus lempiji Sunda-Zwergohreule Autillo de la Sonda
Singapore Scops-Owl@ Otus cnephaeus Singapore-Zwergohreule Autillo de Singapore
Japanese Scops-Owl Otus semitorques Japan-Zwergohreule Autillo Japonés
Mentawai Scops-Owl@ Otus mentawi Mentawi-Zwergohreule Autillo de las Mentawai
Palawan Scops-Owl@ Otus fuliginosus Palawan-Zwergohreule Autillo de Palawan
Flammulated Owl Psiloscops flammeolus Ponderosaeule Autillo Flamulado
Western Screech-Owl Megascops kennicottii Westkreischeule Autillo Californiano
Balsas Screech-Owl@ Megascops seductus Balsaskreischeule Autillo de Balsas
Pacific Screech-Owl Megascops cooperi Mangroveeule Autillo de Manglar
Oaxaca Screech-Owl@ Megascops lambi Oaxaca-Kreischeule Autillo de Oaxaca
Eastern Screech-Owl Megascops asio Ostkreischeule Autillo Yanqui
Whiskered Screech-Owl Megascops trichopsis Fleckeneule Autillo Bigotudo
Santa Barbara Screech-Owl Megascops barbarus Tropfeneule Autillo Barbudo
Choco Screech-Owl Megascops centralis Kritzel-Kreischeule Autillo vermiculado
Roraiman Screech-Owl Megascops roraimae Roraima-Kreischeule Autillo de Roraima
Rio Napo Screech-Owl Megascops napensis Rio Napo Kreischeule Autillo de Río Napo
West Peruvian Screech-Owl@ Megascops roboratus Buscheule Autillo Peruano
Tropical Screech-Owl Megascops choliba Cholibaeule Autillo Chóliba
Koepcke's Screech-Owl Megascops koepckeae Koepckekreischeule Autillo de Koepcke
Variable Screech-Owl Megascops atricapilla Kappeneule Autillo Capirotado
Middle American Screech-Owl Megascops guatemalae Rotgesichteule Autillo Guatemalteco
Yungas Screech-Owl Megascops hoyi Hoyeule Autillo Fresco
Long-tufted Screech-Owl Megascops sanctaecatarinae Langohr-Kreischeule Autillo de Santa Catarina
Rufescent Screech-Owl Megascops ingens Salvineule Autillo Pálido
Colombian Screech-Owl Megascops colombianus Kolombieneule Autillo Colombiano
Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl Megascops watsonii Watsoneule Autillo del Amazonas
Cloud-forest Screech-Owl@ Megascops marshalli Nebelwald-Kreischeule Autillo de Marshall
Cinnamon Screech-Owl Megascops petersoni Zimtkreischeule Autillo de Peterson
Puerto Rican Screech-Owl Megascops nudipes Puerto Rico-Kreischeule Autillo Portorriqueño
Bare-shanked Screech-Owl Megascops clarkii Nacktbeineule Autillo Serrano
White-throated Screech-Owl Megascops albogularis Weißkehl-Kreischeule Autillo Gorgiblanco
Palau Owl@ Pyrroglaux podarginus Palaueule
Giant Scops-Owl@ Otus gurneyi Rotohreule Buho de Mindanao
Maned Owl Jubula lettii Mähneneule
Crested Owl Lophostrix cristata Haubenkauz
White-fronted Scops-Owl Otus sagittatus Weißstirneule Autillo Frentiblanco
Reddish Scops-Owl Otus rufescens Röteleule Autillo Rojizo
Serendib Scops-Owl@ Otus thilohoffmanni Serendub-Kreischeule Autillo de Serendib
Sandy Scops-Owl Otus icterorhynchus Gelbschnabeleule Autillo Piquigualdo
Sokoke Scops-Owl@ Otus ireneae Sokokeeule Autillo de Sokoke
Mountain Scops-Owl Otus spilocephalus Fuchseule Autillo Montano
Javan Scops-Owl@ Otus angelinae Angelinaeule Autillo de Java
Mindanao Scops-Owl@ Otus mirus Mindanaoeule Autillo de Mindanao
Andaman Scops-Owl@ Otus balli Andamaneneule Autillo de Andamán
Pallid Scops-Owl Otus brucei Streifenohreule Autillo Persa
Eurasian Scops-Owl Otus scops Zwergohreule Autillo Europeo
Oriental Scops-Owl Otus sunia Orient-Zwergohreule Autillo Oriental
Ryukyu Scops-Owl Otus elegans Schmuckeule Autillo Elegante
Luzon Scops-Owl@ Otus longicornis Luzoneule Autillo de Luzón
Northern White-faced Owl Ptilopsis leucotis Büscheleule
Southern White-faced Owl Ptilopsis granti
Speckled Boobook@ Ninox punctulata Pünktchenkauz
Manus Boobook@ Ninox meeki Manuskauz
New Ireland Boobook@ Ninox variegata Bismarckkauz
New Britain Boobook@ Ninox odiosa Neubritannienkauz
Solomons Boobook@ Ninox jacquinoti Salomonenkauz
Bare-legged Owl@ Gymnoglaux lawrencii Kubaeule
Laughing Owl@+ Sceloglaux albifacies Lachkauz
Little Owl Athene noctua Steinkauz Mochuelo Común
Hartert's Little Owl Athene lilith
Spotted Owlet Athene brama Brahmakauz
Rodrigues Little Owl@+ Athene murivora
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia Kaninchenkauz
Forest Owlet@ Heteroglaux blewitti Blewittkauz
Mottled Owl Strix virgata Sprenkelkauz Cárabo Café
Black-and-white Owl Strix nigrolineata Bindenhalskauz Cárabo Blanquinegro
Black-banded Owl Strix huhula Zebrakauz Cárabo Negro
Rufous-banded Owl Strix albitarsis Rötelkauz
African Wood-Owl Strix woodfordii Afrikanischer Waldkauz
Chestnut-backed Owlet@ Taenioglaux castanotum
Asian Barred Owlet Taenioglaux cuculoides Kuckuckstrillerkauz
Javan Owlet@ Taenioglaux castanopterum Trillerkauz
Sjostedt's Owlet Taenioglaux sjoestedti Prachtkauz
Long-whiskered Owlet@ Xenoglaux loweryi Peruanerkauz
Elf Owl Micrathene whitneyi Elfenkauz
Papuan Hawk-Owl@ Uroglaux dimorpha Rundflügelkauz
Rufous Boobook Ninox rufa Rostkauz Nínox Rojizo
Togian Hawk-Owl Ninox burhani Togiankauz Ninox de las Togian
Powerful Owl@ Ninox strenua Riesenkauz
Australian Barking Owl Ninox connivens Kläfferkauz
Southern Boobook Ninox boobook Boobookkauz Ninox Australiano
Morepork Ninox novaeseelandiae Kuckuckskauz Nínox Maorí
Sumba Boobook@ Ninox rudolfi Sumbakauz
Little Sumba Hawk-owl Ninox sumbaensis Klein-Sumbakauz Nínox Peqeño de Sumba
Brown Hawk-Owl Ninox scutulata Falkenkauz
Hume's Hawk-Owl Ninox obscura
Northern Hawk-Owl Ninox japonica
Chocolate Hawk-Owl Ninox randi
Andaman Hawk-Owl@ Ninox affinis Andamanenkauz
White-browed Hawk-Owl@ Athene superciliaris Madagaskarkauz
Luzon Hawk-Owl@ Ninox philippensis Philippinenkauz
Mindoro Hawk-Owl@ Ninox mindorensis
Ochre-bellied Boobook@ Ninox ochracea Ockerbauchkauz
Cinnabar Boobook@ Ninox ios Cinnabarkauz Ninox Bermejo
Seram Boobook@ Ninox squamipila Molokkenkauz
Taiwan Barbet @ Psilopogon nuchalis
Halmahera Boobook@ Ninox hypogramma
Christmas Boobook@ Ninox natalis
Jungle Boobook@ Ninox theomacha Einfarbkauz
Northern Hawk Owl Surnia ulula Sperbereule Lechuza Gavilana
Eurasian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium passerinum Sperlingskauz Mochuelo Chico
Pearl-spotted Owlet Glaucidium perlatum Perlkauz Mochuelo Perlado
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum Rotbrustkauz
Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei Wachtelkauz
Northern Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis californica Nördische-Gnomenkauz Mochuelo del Norte
Mountain Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis gnoma Gnomenkauz Mochuela Enano
Guatemalan Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis cobanensis Coban-Gnomenkauz Mochuelo de Guatemala
Cape Pygmy-Owl@ Phalaenopsis hoskinsii Baja-Gnomenkauz Mochuelo de Baja California
Costa Rican Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis costaricana Costa-Rica-Zwergkauz Mochuelo de Costa Rica
Cloud-forest Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis nubicola Wolkenwald-Zwergkauz Mochuelo de Bosque de Neblina
Cuban Pygmy-Owl@ Phalaenopsis siju Kubakauz Mochuelo de Cuba
Colima Pygmy-Owl@ Phalaenopsis palmarum Colima-Zwergkauz Mochuelo de Colima
Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl@ Phalaenopsis sanchezi Tamaulipas-Zwergkauz Mochuelo de Tamaulipas
Central American Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis griseiceps Graukopf-Zwergkauz Mochuelo Centroamericáno
Subtropical Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis parkeri
East Brazilian Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis minutissima Zwergkauz
Andean Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis jardinii Andenkauz
Yungas Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis boliviana
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis brasiliana Strichelkauz
Amazonian Pygmy-Owl@ Phalaenopsis hardyi
Pernambuco Pygmy-Owl@ Phalaenopsis mooreorum
Peruvian Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis peruana Peru-Sperlingskauze Mochuelo Peruano
Austral Pygmy-Owl Phalaenopsis nana Araukanerkauz Mochuelo Patagón
African Barred Owlet Smithiglaux capense Kapkauz
Scheffler's Owlet Smithiglaux scheffleri Schlefflerkauz
Ngami Owlet Smithiglaux ngamiense
Chestnut Owlet Smithglaux castaneum Kastanienkauz
Albertine Owlet Smithiglaux albertinum Albertseekauz
Jungle Owlet Taenioglaux radiatum Dschungelkauz
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus Virginiauhu Búho Americano
Lesser Horned Owl Bubo magellanicus Magellanuhu Búho Magellanico
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus Schnee-Eule Búho Nival
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo Uhu Búho Real
Rock Eagle-Owl Bubo bengalensis Bengaluhu Búho Bengali
Pharaoh Eagle-Owl Bubo ascalaphus Wüstenuhu Búho Desértico
Cape Eagle-Owl Bubo capensis Kapuhu Búho Africano
Spotted Eagle-Owl Bubo africanus Fleckenuhu Búho Ceniciento
Greyish Eagle-Owl Bubo cinerascens
Fraser's Eagle-Owl Bubo poensis Guineauhu Búho de Guinea
Usambara Eagle-Owl@ Bubo vosseleri Usambarauhu Búho de Usambara
Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis Nepaluhu Búho Nepali
Barred Eagle-Owl Bubo sumatranus Malaienuhu Búho Malayo
Shelley's Eagle-Owl Bubo shelleyi Bindenuhu Búho Barrado
Verreaux's Eagle-Owl Bubo lacteus Blaßuhu Búbo lechoso
Dusky Eagle-Owl Bubo coromandus Koromandeluhu
Akun Eagle-Owl Bubo leucostictus Schwachschnabeluhu
Philippine Eagle-Owl@ Bubo philippensis Streifenuhu
Blakiston's Fish-Owl Bubo blakistoni Riesenfischuhu
Brown Fish-Owl Bubo zeylonensis Fischuhu Búho Pescador
Tawny Fish-Owl Bubo flavipes Himalayafischuhu
Buffy Fish-Owl Bubo ketupu Sundafischuhu
Pel's Fishing-Owl Bubo peli Bindenfischeule
Rufous Fishing-Owl Bubo ussheri Rotrücken-Fischeule
Vermiculated Fishing-Owl Bubo bouvieri Marmorfischeule
Spectacled Owl Pulsatrix perspicillata Brillenkauz Lechuzón de Anteojos
Short-browed Owl Pulsatrix pulsatrix
Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana Gelbbrauenkauz Lechuzón Acollarado Chico
Band-bellied Owl Pulsatrix melanota Bindenkauz Lechuzón Acollorado Grande
Ussuri Scops-Owl@ Otus ussuriensis Ussuri-Zwergohreule Autillo de el Ussuri
Mayotte Scops-Owl@ Otus mayottensis Mayotte-Zwergohreule Autillo de Mayotte
Reunion Owl@+ Mascarenotus grucheti
Mauritius Owl@+ Mascarenotus sauzieri
Rodriguez Owl@+ Mascarenotus murivorus
Rodriguez Owl@+ Mascarenotus murivorus
Cebu Hawk-Owl@ Ninox rumseyi Cebukauz Ninox de Cebu
Camiguin Hawk-Owl@ Ninox leventisi Camiguinkauz Ninox de Camiguin
Etchecopar's Owlet Smithiglaux etchecopari Etchecoparkauz
Rinjani Scops-Owl@ Otus jolandae Lombok-Zwergohreule Autillo de Lombok

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au