English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Mountain Leaf-Warbler Seicercus trivirgatus Südsee-Laubsänger Mosquitero Tribandeado
Sulawesi Leaf-Warbler@ Seicercus sarasinorum Celebeslaubsänger
Timor Leaf-Warbler@ Seicercus presbytes Timorlaubsänger
Island Leaf-Warbler Seicercus poliocephalus Papualaubsänger
Makira Leaf-Warbler@ Seicercus makirensis San-Cristobal-Laubsänger
Sombre Leaf-Warbler@ Seicercus amoenus Kulambangralaubsänger
Green-crowned Warbler Seicercus burkii Goldbrillen-Laubsänger
Whistler's Warbler Seicercus whistleri
Grey-crowned Warbler Seicercus tephrocephalus
Alstrom's Warbler Seicercus soror
Bianchi's Warbler Seicercus valentini
Grey-hooded Warbler Seicercus xanthoschistos Graukopf-Laubsänger
White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis Silberbrillen-Laubsänger
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys Grauwangen-Laubsänger
Chestnut-crowned Warbler Seicercus castaniceps Rotkopf-Laubsänger
Yellow-breasted Warbler Seicercus montis Gelbbauch-Laubsänger
Sunda Warbler@ Seicercus grammiceps Sundalaubsänger
Radde's Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi Bartlaubsänger Mosquitero de Schwarz
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis Graukehl-Laubsänger
Pallas's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus Goldhähnchen-Laubsänger Mosquitero de Pallas
Gansu Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus kansuensis
Lemon-rumped Warbler Phylloscopus chloronotus Sichuanlaubsänger
Sichuan Leaf- Warbler Phylloscopus forresti Sichuanlaubsänger
Chinese Leaf-Warbler@ Phylloscopus yunnanensis Alströmlaubsänger
Brooks's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus subviridis Brookslaubsänger Mosquitero bilistado
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus Gelbbrauen-Laubsänger
Hume's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus humei Tienschanlaubsänger
Arctic Warbler Seicercus borealis Wanderlaubsänger Mosquitero boreal
Western Greenish Warbler Seicercus viridanus Grünlaubsänger Mosquitero trochiloide
Two-barred Warbler Seicercus plumbeitarsus Middendorflaubsänger
Green Warbler Seicercus nitidus Wacholderaubsänger
Large-billed Leaf-Warbler Seicercus magnirostris Schluchtenlaubsänger
Tytler's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus tytleri Dünnschnabel-Laubsänger
Western Crowned-Warbler Seicercus occipitalis Dachskopf-Laubsänger
Eastern Crowned-Warbler Seicercus coronatus Kronenlaubsänger
Ijima's Leaf-Warbler Seicercus ijimae Ijimalaubsänger
Blyth's Leaf-Warbler Seicercus reguloides Streifenkopf-Laubsänger
White-tailed Leaf-Warbler Seicercus davisoni Weißschwanz-Laubsänger Mosquitero de Davison
Yellow-vented Warbler Seicercus cantator Gelbbrust-Laubsänger
Sulphur-breasted Warbler Seicercus ricketti Goldscheitel-Laubsänger
Hainan Leaf-Warbler Seicrecus hainanus Hainanlaubsänger
Emei Leaf-Warbler@ Seicercus emeiensis
Philippine Leaf-Warbler@ Seicercus olivaceus Philippinenlaubsänger
Lemon-throated Leaf-Warbler@ Seicercus cebuensis Duboislaubsänger
Yellow-throated Woodland-Warbler Seicercus ruficapilla Rotscheitel-Laubsänger
Laura's Woodland-Warbler Seicercus laurae Boultonlaubsänger
Red-faced Woodland-Warbler Seicercus laetus Braunwangen-Laubsänger
Black-capped Woodland-Warbler Seicercus herberti Schwarzscheitel-Laubsänger
Uganda Woodland-Warbler Seicercus budongoensis Budongolaubsänger
Brown Woodland-Warbler Seicercus umbrovirens Umbralaubsänger
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus Fitis Mosquitero musical
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita Zilpzalp Mosquitero común
Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus Spanischer Zilpzalp
Canary Islands Chiffchaff@ Phylloscopus canariensis Kanarischer Zilpzalp
Caucasian Mountain Chiffchaff Phylloscopus lorenzii Bergzilpzalp
Mountain Chiffchaff Phylloscopus sindianus Bergzilpzalp
Plain Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus neglectus Eichenlaubsänger Mosquitero iraní
Western Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli Berglaubsänger Mosquitero papialbo
Eastern Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus orientalis Balkanlaubsänger
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix Waldlaubsänger Mosquitero silbador
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus Dunkellaubsänger Mosquitero sombrío
Smoky Warbler Phylloscopus fuligiventer Rußlaubsänger Mosquitero Ahumado
Tickell's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus affinis Himalayalaubsänger
Buff-throated Warbler@ Phylloscopus subaffinis
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus Pamirlaubsänger
Yellow-streaked Warbler Phylloscopus armandii Davidlaubsänger
Limestone Leaf-Warbler Seicercus calciatilis Karstlaunsänger Mosquitero Roquero
Kamchatka Leaf-Warbler Seicercus examinandus Wanderlaubsänger Mosquitero boreal
Japanese Leaf-Warbler Seicercus xanthodryas Japan-Laubsänger Mosquitero de Japan
Dull-green Warbler Seicercus obscuratus Qinghailaubsänger Mosquitero de Quinghai
Eastern Greenish Warbler Seicercus trochiloides
Buru Leaf-Warbler Seicercus everetti Burulaubsänger
Seram Leaf-Warbler@ Seicercus ceramensis Seramlaubsänger
Kai Leaf-Warbler Seicercus avicola Kailaubsänger
Alpine Leaf-Warbler@ Phylloscopus occisinensis Westchina-Laubsänger Mosquitero de Qinghai
Hartert's Leaf-Warbler Seicercus goodsoni Hartert-Laubsänger Mosquitero de Hartert
Kloss's Leaf-Warbler Seicercus ogilviegranti Kloss-Laubsänger Mosquitero de Kloss
Negros Leaf-Warbler@ Seicercus nigrorum Negros-Laubsänger Mosquitero de Negros

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au