English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Black-bodied Woodpecker Dryocopus schulzi Schwarzbauchspecht
Helmeted Woodpecker Dryocopus galeatus Wellenohrspecht
Japanese Green Woodpecker@ Picus awokera Japangrünspecht
Scaly-bellied Woodpecker Picus squamatus Schuppengrünspecht
Streak-breasted Woodpecker Picus viridanus
Laced Woodpecker Picus vittatus Netzbauchspecht
Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus Schuppenbauchspecht
Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus Grauspecht Pito Cano
Red-collared Woodpecker Picus rabieri Halsbandspecht
Black-headed Woodpecker Picus erythropygius Rotbürzelspecht
Crimson-winged Woodpecker Picus puniceus Rotflügelspecht
Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus Gelbhaubenspecht
Greater Yellownape Chrysophlegma flavinucha Gelbnackenspecht
Checker-throated Woodpecker Chrysophlegma mentale Tropfenkehlspecht
Banded Woodpecker Chrysophlegma mineaceum Mennigspecht
Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense Orangespecht
Himalayan Flameback Dinopium shorii Himalaya-Feuerrückenspecht
Common Flameback Dinopium javanense Feuerrückenspecht
Olive-backed Woodpecker Dinopium rafflesii Olivrückenspecht
Pale-headed Woodpecker Gecinulus grantia Blaßkopf-Bambusspecht
Bamboo Woodpecker Gecinulus viridis Bambusspecht
Buff-rumped Woodpecker Meiglyptes tristis Braunbürzelspecht
Black-and-buff Woodpecker Meiglyptes jugularis Dommelspecht
Buff-necked Woodpecker Meiglyptes tukki Tukkispecht
Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus Puderspecht
Sooty Woodpecker@ Mulleripicus funebris Philippinenspecht
Ashy Woodpecker@ Mulleripicus fulvus Celebesspecht
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius Schwarzspecht Pito Negro
Andaman Woodpecker@ Dryocopus hodgei
White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis Weißbauchspecht
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Helmspecht
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus Linienspecht
White-throated Woodpecker Piculus leucolaemus Weißkehlspecht
Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker@ Piculus callopterus
Lita Woodpecker Piculus litae
Yellow-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus Weißbrauenspecht
Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros Bronzespecht
Fine-spotted Woodpecker Campethera punctuligera Pünktchenspecht
Nubian Woodpecker Campethera nubica Nubierspecht
Reichenow's Woodpecker Campethera scriptoricauda
Bennett's Woodpecker Campethera bennettii Bennettspecht
Green-backed Woodpecker Campethera cailliautii Tüpfelspecht
Knysna Woodpecker@ Campethera notata Knysnaspecht
Golden-tailed Woodpecker Campethera abingoni Goldschwanzspecht
Mombasa Woodpecker Campethera mombassica
Tullberg's Woodpecker Campethera tullbergi Kehlbindenspecht
Little Green Woodpecker Campethera maculosa Goldmantelspecht
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli Braunohrspecht
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa Termitenspecht
Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens Blondschopfspecht
Pale-crested Woodpecker Celeus lugubris Blaßschopfspecht
Rufous-headed Woodpecker Celeus spectabilis Zimtkopfspecht
Chestnut-colored Woodpecker Celeus castaneus Kastanienspecht
Chestnut Woodpecker Celeus elegans Fahlkopfspecht
Scaly-breasted Woodpecker Celeus grammicus Gelbflankenspecht
Cinnamon Woodpecker Celeus loricatus Rotkehlspecht
Waved Woodpecker Celeus undatus Olivbürzelspecht
Cream-colored Woodpecker Celeus flavus Strohspecht
Ringed Woodpecker Celeus torquatus Schwarzbrustspecht
Rufous Woodpecker Micropternus brachyurus Rötelspecht
Eurasian Green Woodpecker Picus viridis Grünspecht Pito Real
Levaillant's Woodpecker Picus vaillantii Vaillantspecht Pito Real Bereber
Ground Woodpecker@ Geocolaptes olivaceus Erdspecht
Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus Goldspecht
Gilded Flicker Colaptes chrysoides
Andean Flicker Colaptes rupicola Andenspecht
Chilean Flicker Colaptes pitius Bänderspecht
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris Feldspecht
Fernandina's Flicker@ Colaptes fernandinae Kubaspecht
Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros Grünbindenspecht Carpintero Real
Spot-breasted Woodpecker Colaptes punctigula Tüpfelbrustspecht
Black-necked Woodpecker@ Colaptes atricollis Graustirnspecht
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Colaptes rivolii Rotmantelspecht
Grey-crowned Woodpecker@ Colaptes auricularis Graukappenspecht
Golden-olive Woodpecker Colaptes rubiginosus Olivmantelspecht
Bronze-winged Woodpecker@ Colaptes aeruginosus
Rufous-winged Woodpecker Piculus simplex
Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula Gelbkehlspecht
Iberian Green Woodpecker Picus sharpei
Ochre-backed Woodpecker@ Celeus ochraceus

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au