English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Talaud Bush-hen@ Amaurornis magnirostris Talaudkielralle Gallineta de Talaud
Isabelline Bush-hen@ Amaurornis isabellina Isabellkielralle Gallineta Isabelina
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus Weißbrust-Kielralle Gallineta Pechiblanca
Black Crake Limnocorax flavirostra Mohrensumpfhuhn Polluela Negra Africana
Sakalava Rail@ Limnocorax olivieri Malegassensumpfhuhn Polluela Negra Malgache
Watercock Gallicrex cinerea Wasserhahn Gallineta Crestada
Spot-flanked Gallinule Porphyriops melanops Maskenpfulhuhn Gallineta Pintada
Black-tailed Native-Hen@ Tribonyx ventralis Rotfuß-Pfuhlhuhn Gallineta Patirroja
Tasmanian Native-Hen@ Tribonyx mortierii Grünfuß-Pfuhlhuhn Gallineta Tasmania
Dusky Moorhen Gallinula tenebrosa Papuateichhuhn Gallineta enlutada
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus Teichhuhn Gallineta Común
Lesser Moorhen Gallinula angulata Zwergteichhuhn Gallineta Chica
Tristan Moorhen Gallinula nesiotis Tristanteichhuhn Gallineta de Gough
Makira Moorhen@ Pareudastes silvestris Blaustirn-Pfuhlhuhn Gallineta de San Cristóbal
Samoan Moorhen@ Pareudastes pacificus
Allen's Gallinule Porphyrio alleni Bronzesultanshuhn Calamoncillo Africano
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus Zwergsultanshuhn Calamoncillo Americano
Azure Gallinule Porphyrio flavirostris Azursultanshuhn Calamoncillo Celeste
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio Purpurhuhn Calamón Común
African Swamphen Porphyrio madagascariensis Afrikahuhn Calamón de Africa
Grey-headed Swamphen Porphyrio poliocephalus Aschkopfhuhn Calamón Cabecigrís
Black-backed Swamphen Porphyrio indicus Schwartzruckseitehuhn Calamón con Lomo Negro
Philippine Swamphen Porphyrio pulverulentus Philippinenhuhn Calamón de Philippines
Australian Swamphen Porphyrio melanotus Australischenhuhn Calamón de Australia
Lord Howe Swamphen@+ Porphyrio albus Lordhowehuhn Calamón de Lord Howe
Mohoau@ + Porphyrio mantelli Takahe Calamón Takahe
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra Bläßhuhn Focha Común
Rufous-faced Crake Laterallus xenopterus Rotgesichtralle Polluela Guarani
Grey-breasted Crake Laterallus exilis Amazonasralle Polluela Pechigris
White-throated Crake Laterallus albigularis Weißkehlralle Polluela Carrasqueadora
Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius Rothalsralle Polluela Burrito
Ruddy Crake Laterallus ruber Rubinralle Polluela Rojiza
Rusty-flanked Crake@ Laterallus levraudi Venezuelaralle Polluela Venezolana
Red-and-white Crake Laterallus leucopyrrhus Weißbrustralle Polluela Rojiblanca
Chestnut-headed Crake Anurolimnas castaneiceps Rotmaskenralle Polluela Pituro
Black-banded Crake Rufirallus fasciatus Streifenbauchralle Polluela Barreada
Russet-crowned Crake Rufirallus viridis Indioralle Polluela Coronirrufa
Ocellated Crake Micropygia schomburgkii Schomburgkralle Polluela Ocellada
Swinhoe's Rail Coturnicops exquisitus Mandschurensumpfhuhn Polluela Exquisita
Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis Gelbralle Polluela Amarillenta
Speckled Rail Coturnicops notatus Darwinralle Polluela de Darwin
Paint-billed Crake Neocrex erythrops Goldschnabel-Sumpfhuhn Polluela Picopinta
Colombian Crake Neocrex colombiana Kolumbiensumpfhuhn Polluela Colombiana
White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi Spiegelralle Polluela Especulada
Red-chested Flufftail Sarothrura rufa Rotbrustralle Polluela Rufa
Chestnut-headed Flufftail Sarothrura lugens Ugallaralle Polluela Cabecirroja
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra Perlenralle Polluela Pulcra
Buff-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura elegans Tropfenralle Polluela Elegante
Streaky-breasted Flufftail Sarothrura boehmi Boehmralle Polluela de Boehm
Striped Flufftail Sarothrura affinis Streifenralle Polluela Estriada
Madagascar Flufftail@ Sarothrura insularis Hovaralle Polluela Malgache
Slender-billed Flufftail@ Lemurolimnas watersi Lemurenralle Polluela de Waters
Striped Crake Aenigmatolimnas marginalis Graukehl-Sumpfhuhn Polluela Culirroja
Brown Crake Limnocorax akool Braunbauch-Kielralle Gallineta Akool
Pale-vented Bush-hen Amaurornis moluccana Rotsteiß-Kielralle Gallineta Moluqueña
Plain Bush-hen@ Amaurornis olivacea Philippinenkielralle Gallineta Filipina
Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Virginiaralle Rascón de Virginia
Ecuadorian Rail Rallus aequatorialis Ekuadorralle Rascón Ecuatoriano
Austral Rail Rallus antarcticus Magellanralle Rascón Pidén
Bogota Rail Rallus semiplumbeus Bogotáralle Rascón de Bogotá
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus Wasserralle Rascón Europeo
Brown-cheeked Rail Rallus indicus Wasserralle-indicus Rascón con Mejilla Marrón
African Rail Rallus caerulescens Kapralle Rascón Cafre
Madagascar Rail@ Biensis madagascariensis Madagaskarralle Rascón Malgache
Lewin's Rail Lewinia pectoralis Krickralle Rascón Pectoral
Auckland Islands Rail@ Lewinia muelleri Aucklandralle Rascón de las Auckland
Brown-banded Rail@ Lewinia mirifica Luzonralle Rascón de Luzon
Slaty-breasted Rail Lewinia striata Graubrustralle Rascón Rufigrís
Okinawa Rail@ Gallirallus okinawae Okinawaralle Rascón de Okinawa
Calayan Rail@ Lewinia calayanensis Calayan-Ralle Rallo di Calayan
Buff-banded Rail Gallirallus philippensis Bindenralle Rascón Filipino
Roviana Rail@ Gallirallus rovianae Rovianaralle Rascón de Roviana
Barred Rail Gallirallus torquatus Zebraralle Rascón Acollorado
Guam Rail@ Gallirallus owstoni Guamralle Rascón de Guam
Wake Island Rail@+ Gallirallus wakensis Wakeralle Rascón de Wake
Tahiti Rail@+ Gallirallus pacificus Tahitiralle Rascón de Tahiti
Dieffenbach's Rail@+ Gallirallus dieffenbachii Dieffenbachralle Rascón de Dieffenbach
Chatham Islands Rail@+ Gallirallus modestus Chathamralle Rascón de Chatham
Sharpe's Rail@+ Gallirallus sharpei Sharperalle Rascón de Sharpe
New Caledonian Rail@ Gallirallus lafresnayanus Pelzralle Rascón de Nueva Caledonia
Lord Howe Woodhen@ Gallirallus sylvestris Waldralle Rascón de la Lord Howe
Weka@ Gallirallus australis Wekaralle Rascón Weka
Pink-legged Rail@ Gallirallus insignis Bartralle Rascón de Nueva Bretaña
Plumbeous Rail Pardirallus sanguinolentus Grauralle Rascón Gallineta
Blackish Rail Pardirallus nigricans Trauerralle Rascón Negruzco
Mexican Rail Rallus tenuirostris Mangroveralle Rascón de Mangle
Plain-flanked Rail@ Rallus wetmorei Wetmoreralle Rascón de Wetmore
King Rail Rallus elegans Koenigsralle Rascón Elegante
Talaud Rail@ Gymnocrex talaudensis
Invisible Rail@ Gallirallus wallacii Trommelralle Rascón de Wallace
New Guinea Flightless Rail@ Megacrex inepta Baumralle Rascón Inepto
Chestnut Rail Eulabeornis castaneoventris Mangroveralle Cotara Australiana
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus Rotfußralle Rascón Nkulenga
Grey-throated Rail Canirallus oculeus Augenralle Rascón Carigris
Madagascar Wood-Rail@ Canirallus kioloides Graukehlralle Rascón Kioloide
African Crake Crex egregia Steppensumpfhuhn Guión Africano
Corncrake Crex crex Wachtelkönig Guión de Codornices
Little Crake Limnocorax parva Kleines Sumpfhuhn Polluela Bastarda
Baillon's Crake Limnocorax pusilla Zwergsumpfhuhn Polluela Chica
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana Tüpfelsumpfhuhn Polluela Pintoja
Australian Crake@ Porzana fluminea Flußsumpfhuhn Polluela Australiana
Sora Porzana carolina Carolinasumpfhuhn Polluela Sora
Dot-winged Crake Porzana spiloptera Fleckensumpfhuhn Polluela Overa
Yellow-breasted Crake Hapalocrex flaviventer Gelbbrust-Sumpfhuhn Polluela Pálida
Hawaiian Crake@+ Limnocorax sandwichensis Hawaii-Sumpfhuhn Polluela de Hawaii
Ash-throated Crake Porzana albicollis Wieselsumpfhuhn Polluela Turura
Ruddy-breasted Crake Limnocorax fusca Zimtsumpfhuhn Polluela Pechirrufa
Band-bellied Crake Limnocorax paykullii Mandarinsumpfhuhn Polluela Mandarin
Spotless Crake Limnocorax tabuensis Südsee-Sumpfhuhn Polluela de Tongatupu
Laysan Crake@+ Limnocorax palmeri Laysan-Sumpfhuhn Polluela de Laysan
Kosrae Crake@+ Limnocorax monasa Kosrae-Sumpfhuhn Polluela de Kosrae
Red-eyed Crake@ Limnocorax atra Tuamotusumpfhuhn Polluela de la Henderson
White-browed Crake Poliolimnas cinereus Weißbrauen-Sumpfhuhn Polluela Cejiblanca
Black-tailed Crake Limnocorax bicolor Zweifarben-Kielralle Polluela Bicolor
Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis Schieferralle Polluela Negruzca
Junin Crake@ Laterallus tuerosi Juninralle Polluela de Junín
Galapagos Crake@ Laterallus spilonotus Galapagosralle Polluela de Galápagos
Spotted Rail Pardirallus maculatus Fleckenralle Rascón Overo
White-throated Rail Dryolimnas cuvieri Cuvierralle Rascón de Cuvier
Rouget's Rail Rougetius rougetii Rougetralle Rascón Etíope
Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor Einfarbralle Cotara café
Red Rail@+ Aphanapteryx bonasia Mauritiusralle Poluella de Mauritius
Rodrigues Rail@+ Erythromachus leguati Rodriguesralle Polluela de Rodrigues
Red-legged Crake Rallina fasciata Malaienralle Polluela Patirroja
Slaty-legged Crake Rallina eurizonoides Hinduralle Polluela de Jungla
Andaman Crake Rallina canningi Andamanenralle Polluela de Andamán
Red-necked Crake Rallina tricolor Dreifarbenralle Polluela Tricolor
Chestnut Forest-Rail@ Rallicula rubra Kastanienralle Polluela Castaña
White-striped Forest-Rail@ Rallicula leucospila Strichelralle Polluela Listada
Mayr's Forest-Rail@ Rallicula mayri Zyklopenralle Polluela de Mayr
Forbes's Forest-Rail@ Rallicula forbesi Nymphenralle Polluela de Forbes
Zapata Rail@ Cyanolimnas cerverai Kubaralle Gallineta de Zapata
Little Wood-Rail@ Aramides mangle Küstenralle Cotara de Manglar
Grey-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajaneus Cayenneralle Cotara Chiricote
Brown Wood-Rail Aramides wolfi Esmeraldasralle Cotara Morena
Giant Wood-Rail Aramides ypecaha Ypecaharalle Cotara Ipecaá
Rufous-necked Wood-Rail Aramides axillaris Braunkappenralle Cotara Cuellirrufa
Red-winged Wood-Rail Aramides calopterus Rotflügelralle Cotara Alirrufa
Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail Aramides saracura Saracuraralle Cotara Saracura
Snoring Rail@ Lewinia plateni Schnarchralle Rascón de Platen
Inaccessible Island Rail@ Atlantisia rogersi Atlantisralle Rasconcillo de Tristan de Cunha
Ascension Flightless Crake@+ Mundia elpenor Ascensionralle Rasconillo de Ascension
Bar-winged Rail@+ Gallirallus poecilopterus Fijiralle Rasconillo de Fiji
Woodford's Rail@ Gallirallus woodfordi Salamonenralle Rascón de las Salamón
Bald-faced Rail@ Gymnocrex rosenbergii Rosenbergralle Cotara Cariazul
Bare-eyed Rail Gymnocrex plumbeiventris Rostschwingenralle Cotara Moluqueña
Intact Rail@+ Gymnocrex intactus
Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata Amerikanische Teichhuhn Gallineta Americana
Gough Moorhen Gallinula comeri Goughteichhuhn Gallineta de Gough
Reunion Swamphen@+ Porphyrio coerulescens Reunionhuhn Calamón de Reunion
Tsingy Wood-Rail@ Canirallus beankaensis Tsingyralle Rascón de Tsingy
Ridgway's Rail Rallus obsoletus Ridgwayralle Rascón de Ridgway
Mexican Rail@ Rallus tenuirostris Mexikanralle Rascón de Mexico
Clapper Rail Rallus crepitans Klapperralle Rascón Piquilargo
Reunion Rail@+ Dryolimnas augusti Reunionralle Rascón de Reunion
Hawkin's Rail@ Gallirallus hawkinsi Chathamralle Rascón de las Chathams
St.Helena Rail@+ Aphanocrex podarces St.Helenaralle Rasconillo de Sta Helena
Takahe@ Porphyrio hochstetteri Takahe Calamón Takahe
St.Helena Crake@+ Limnocorax astrictocarpus St.Helena-Sumpfhuhn Polluela de Sta Helena

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au