English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Sharp-billed Tapaculo@ Scytalopus acutirostris Grautapaculo Churrín de Tschudi
Diademed Tapaculo Scytalopus schulenbergi Diademtapaculo Churrín Diademado
Ash-colored Tapaculo Myornis senilis Ashgrauer Tapaculo Tapaculo Cenizo
Ochre-flanked Tapaculo Eugralla paradoxa Rostflankentapaculo Churrín Grande
Ocellated Tapaculo Acropternis orthonyx Perlenmanteltapaculo Tapaculo Ocelado
Marsh Tapaculo@ Scytalopus iraiensis Flussauentapaculo Churrín Palustre
Large-footed Tapaculo@ Scytalopus macropus Großer Einfarbtapaculo Churrín Patudo
Rufous-vented Tapaculo@ Scytalopus femoralis Südlicher Schiefferrücktapaculo Churrín Ventirrufo
Long-tailed Tapaculo Scytalopus micropterus Nordlicher Schiefferrücktapaculo Churrín Colilargo
Northern White-crowned Tapaculo Scytalopus atratus Nördlicher Weißstirntapaculo Churrín Coroniblanco
Santa Marta Tapaculo@ Scytalopus sanctaemartae Santa Marta-Tapaculo Churrín de Santa Marta
Bolivian White-crowned Tapaculo Scytalopus bolivianus Südlicher Weißstirntapaculo Churrín Boliviano
Silvery-fronted Tapaculo Scytalopus argentifrons Silberbrauntapaculo Churrín Plateado
Tacarcuna Tapaculo Scytalopus panamensis Tacarcunatapaculo Churrín Panameno
Narino Tapaculo Scytalopus vicinior Nariñotapaculo Churrín de Nariño
Choco Tapaculo Scytalopus chocoensis Chocótapaculo Churrín del Chocó
El Oro Tapaculo Scytalopus robbinsi Robbinstapaculo Churrín de El Oro
Stiles's Tapaculo@ Scytalopus stylesi Stilestapaculo Churrin de Stiles
Upper Magdalena Tapaculo@ Scytalopus rodriquezi Magdalenatapaculo Churrin de Alto Magdalena
Chusquea Tapaculo Scytalopus parkeri Bambustapaculo Churrín de Chusquea
Brown-rumped Tapaculo Scytalopus latebricola Kolumbianischer Rostflankentapaculo Churrín Ratona
Merida Tapaculo@ Scytalopus meridanus Méridatapaculo Churrín de Mérida
Caracas Tapaculo Scytalopus caracae Caracastapaculo Churrín de Caracas
Spillmann's Tapaculo Scytalopus spillmanni Ecuador-Rostflankentapaculo Churrín de Spillmann
Zimmer's Tapaculo@ Scytalopus zimmeri Graukehltapaculo Churrín de Zimmer
Puna Tapaculo Scytalopus simonsi Punatapaculo Churrín de la Puna
Vilcabamba Tapaculo@ Scytalopus urubambae Vilcabambatapaculo Churrín de Tapaculo
Neblina Tapaculo@ Scytalopus altirostris Neblinatapaculo Churrín de Neblina
Ancash Tapaculo@ Scytalopus affinis Ancashtapaculo Churrín de Ancash
Paramillo Tapaculo Scytalopus canus Páramotapaculo Churrín Paramero
Brasilia Tapaculo@ Scytalopus novacapitalis Brasiliatapaculo Churrín de Brasilia
Magellanic Tapaculo Scytalopus magellanicus Magellantapaculo Churrín Magallánico
Matorral Tapaculo@ Scytalopus griseicollis Südlicher Rostbürzeltapaculo Churrín de Matorral
Dusky Tapaculo@ Scytalopus fuscus Dunkelgrauer Tapaculo Churrín Sombrío
White-browed Tapaculo@ Scytalopus superciliaris Weißbrauentapaculo Churrín Cejiblanco
Black-throated Huet-huet Pteroptochos tarnii Schwarzkehl--Bürzelstelzer Huet-huet Gorginegro
Chestnut-throated Huet-huet Pteroptochos castaneus Braunkehl-Bürzelstelzer Huet-huet Gorgicastaño
Moustached Turca@ Pteroptochos megapodius Weißbart-Bürzelstelzer Huet-huet Turca
White-throated Tapaculo@ Scelorchilus albicollis Weißkehltapaculo Tapaculo Gorgiblanco
Chucao Tapaculo Scelorchilus rubecula Rotkehltapaculo Tapaculo Chucao
Crested Gallito Rhinocrypta lanceolata Schopfbürzelstelzer Gallito Copetón
Sandy Gallito@ Teledromas fuscus Falhbrauner Tapaculo Gallito Arena
Rusty-belted Tapaculo Liosceles thoracicus Brustflecktapaculo Tapaculo Amazónico
Slaty Bristlefront@ Merulaxis ater Südlicher Stirnhaubentapaculo Macuquiño Negro
Sao Paulo Bristlefront@ Merulaxis sp.nov
Stresemann's Bristlefront@ Merulaxis stresemanni Nordlicher Stirnhaubentapaculo Macuquiño de Stresemann
White-breasted Tapaculo@ Eleoscytalopus indigoticus Weißbrusttapaculo Churrín Pechiblanco
Bahia Tapaculo@ Eleoscytalopus psychopompus Bahiatapaculo Churrín de Bahia
Collared Crescent-chest Melanopareia torquata Rotnacken-Bandvogel Pecholuna Brasileño
Olive-crowned Crescent-chest Melanopareia maximiliani Olivscheitel-Bandvogel Pecholuna del Chaco
Maranon Crescent-chest Melanopareia maranonica Großer Schmuckbandvogel Pecholuna del Marañon
Elegant Crescent-chest Melanopareia elegans Kleiner Schmuckbandvogel Pecholuna Elegante
Spotted Bamboowren Psilorhamphus guttatus Trugzaunkönig Tapaculo Overo
Unicolored Tapaculo@ Scytalopus unicolor Hellgrauer Tapaculo Churrín Unicolor
Blackish Tapaculo Scytalopus latrans Kleiner Einfarbtapaculo Churrín Negruzco
Trilling Tapaculo Scytalopus parvirostris Trillertapaculo Churrín Trinador
Mouse-colored Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae Mausgrauer Tapaculo Churrín Plomizo
Diamantina Tapaculo@ Scytalopus diamentinensis Diamantinatapaculo Churrin de Diamantina
Desertas Petrel Pterodroma deserta
Planalto Tapaculo Scytalopus pachecoi Planalto-Tapaculo Churrín de Pacheco
Rock Tapaculo@ Scytalopus petrophilus Feltapaculo Churrin Roquero

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au