English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Buff-tailed Coronet Boissonneaua flavescens Fahlschwanzkolibri Colibrí Colihabano
Chestnut-breasted Coronet Boissonneaua matthewsii Rotbauchkolibri Colibrí Pechirrojo
Velvet-purple Coronet Boissonneaua jardini Hyazinthkolibri Colibrí Sietecolores
Black-breasted Puffleg@ Eriocnemis nigrivestis Schwarzbauch-Höschenkoibri Calzadito Pechinegro
Glowing Puffleg Eriocnemis vestita Violetkehl-Höschenkolibri Calzadito Reluciente
Turquoise-throated Puffleg Eriocnemis godini Türkiskehl-Höschenkolibri Calzadito Turquesa
Coppery-bellied Puffleg Eriocnemis cupreoventris Kupferbauch-Höschenkolibri Calzadito Cobrizo
Sapphire-vented Puffleg Eriocnemis luciani Langschwanz-Höschenkolibri Calzadito Colilargo Norteño
Coppery-naped Puffleg@ Eriocnemis sapphiropygia Kupfernacken-Höschenkolibri Calzadito Colilargo Sureño
Golden-breasted Puffleg Eriocnemis mosquera Goldbrust-Höschenkolibri Calzadito de Mosquera
Blue-capped Puffleg Eriocnemis glaucopoides Blaustirn-Höschenkolibri Calzadito Frentiazul
Emerald-bellied Puffleg Eriocnemis aline Weißbrust-Höschenkolibri Calzadito Pechiblanco
Colorful Puffleg@ Eriocnemis mirabilis Blaubauch-Höschenkolibri Calzadito Admirable
Black-thighed Puffleg Eriocnemis derbyi Schwarzfeder-Höschenkolibri Calzadito Patinegro
Hoary Puffleg Haplophaedia lugens Schuppenbacuh-Höschenkolibri Calzadito Canoso
Booted Racket-tail Ocreatus underwoodii Grünscheitel-Flaggensylphe Colibrí de Raquetas
Rufous-vented Whitetip Urosticte ruficrissa Rotsteißkolibri Colibrí Puntablanca Oriental
Purple-bibbed Whitetip Urosticte benjamini Purpurbrustkolibri Colibrí Puntablanca Occidental
Brazilian Ruby@ Clytolaema rubricauda Rubinkolibri Colibrí Colirrojo
Gould's Jewelfront Heliodoxa aurescens Rotbrustbrilliantkolibri Brillante Pechicastaño
Fawn-breasted Brilliant Heliodoxa rubinoides Braunbauch-Brilliantkolibri Brillante Pechigamuza
Violet-fronted Brilliant Heliodoxa leadbeateri Violettstirn-Brilliantkolibri Brillante Frentivioleta
Green-crowned Brilliant Heliodoxa jacula Grünstirn-Brilliantkolibri Brillante Coroniverde
Velvet-browed Brilliant Heliodoxa xanthogonys Grüner Brilliantkolibri Brilante de Tepui
Black-throated Brilliant Heliodoxa schreibersii Schwarzkehl-Brilliantkolibri Brillante Ventinegro
Pink-throated Brilliant Heliodoxa gularis Rotkehl-Brilliantkolibri Brillante Gorgirrosado
Rufous-webbed Brilliant@ Heliodoxa branickii Rotflügel-Brilliantkolibri Brillante Alicanela
Empress Brilliant Heliodoxa imperatrix Rotstern-Brilliantkolibri Brillante Emperador
White-tailed Hillstar Urochroa bougueri Blaukehl-Andenkolibri Colibrí de Bourguer
Shining Sunbeam Aglaeactis cupripennis Rostroter Andenkolibri Colibrí Cobrizo
Purple-backed Sunbeam@ Aglaeactis aliciae Weißbrust-Andenkolibri Colibrí d'Alicia
White-tufted Sunbeam@ Aglaeactis castelnaudii Rotbrust-Andenkolibri Colibrí Condecorado
Black-hooded Sunbeam@ Aglaeactis pamela Schwarzbauch-Andenkolibri Colibrí Negrito
Mountain Velvetbreast Lafresnaya lafresnayi Samtbauchkolibri Colibrí Aterciopelado
Great Sapphirewing Pterophanes cyanopterus Blauflügelkolibri Colibrí Aliazul
Bronzy Inca Coeligena coeligena Bronzeandenkolibri Inca Bronzeado
Brown Inca Coeligena wilsoni Brauner Andenkolibri Inca Pardo
Black Inca@ Coeligena prunellei Blauschulter-Andenkolibri Inca Negro
Collared Inca Coeligena torquata Brustband-Andenkolibri Inca Acollarado
Gould's Inca Coeligena inca Inkaandenkolibri Inca de Gould
White-tailed Starfrontlet@ Coeligena phalerata Weißschwanz-Andenkolibri Inca coliblanco
Golden Starfrontlet@ Coeligena eos Goldandenkolibri Inca Alirrufo
Golden-bellied Starfrontlet Coeligena bonapartei Goldbauch-Andenkolibri Inca Ventridorado
Dusky Starfrontlet@ Coeligena orina Grünmusketier
Blue-throated Starfrontlet Coeligena helianthea Rosenbauch-Andenkolibri Inca Ventrivioleta
Buff-winged Starfrontlet Coeligena lutetiae Fahlflügel-Andenkolibri Inca Ailhabano
Violet-throated Starfrontlet Coeligena violifer Veilchenkehl-Andenkolibri Inca Gorgimorado
Rainbow Starfrontlet Coeligena iris Grünroter Andenkolibri Inca Arcoiris
Sword-billed Hummingbird Ensifera ensifera Schwertschnabelkolibri Colibrí Picoespada
Gorgeted Puffleg@ Eriocnemis isabellae Schmuchkehl-Höschenkolibri Calzadito del Pinche

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au