English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Chiribiquete Emerald@ Chlorostilbon olivaresi
Cuban Emerald Chlorostilbon ricordii Kubasmaragdkolibri Esmeralda Zunzún
Brace's Emerald@+ Chlorostilbon bracei
Hispaniolan Emerald Chlorostilbon swainsonii Hispaniolansmaragdkolibri Esmeralda de la Española
Puerto Rican Emerald@ Chlorostilbon maugaeus Puerto-Rico-Smaragdkolibri Esmeralda Portorriqueña
Coppery Emerald Chlorostilbon russatus Bronzeschwanz-Smaragdkolibri Esmeralda Bronceada
Red-billed Emerald Chlorostilbon gibsoni Rotschnabel-Smaragdkolibri
Narrow-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon stenurus Schmalschwanz-Smaragdkolibri Esmeralda Colifina
Green-tailed Emerald@ Chlorostilbon alice Grünschwanz-Smaragdkolibri Esmeralda Coliverde
Short-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon poortmani Kurzschwanz-Smaragdkolibri Esmeralda Colicorta
Dusky Hummingbird@ Cynanthus sordidus Grauer Breitschnablkolibri Colibrí Prieto
Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris Blaukehl-Breitschnabelkolibri Colibrí Piquiancho
Doubleday's Hummingbird@ Cynanthus doubledayi
Blue-headed Hummingbird Cyanophaia bicolor Blaukopfkolibri Colibrí Bicolor
Purple-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania colombica Violettkronennymphe Zafiro Coroniazul
Mexican Woodnymph@ Thalurania ridgwayi Mexikonymphe Zafiro Mexicano
Green-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania fannyi Grünkronennymphe Zafiro Coroniverde
Emerald-bellied Woodnymph Thalurania hypochlora
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata Schwalbennymphe Zafiro Golondrina
Long-tailed Woodnymph@ Thalurania watertonii Langschwanznymphe Zafiro Colilargo
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis Blaukronennymphe Zafiro Capirotado
Violet-bellied Hummingbird Juliamyia julie Juliakolibri Colibrí de Julia
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird Chrysuronia coeruleogularis Blaukehlkolibri Colibrí Gorgiazafiro
Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird@ Chrysuronia lilliae Blaubauchkolibri Colibrí Ventrizafiro
Shining-green Hummingbird Chrysuronia goudoti Grünkolibri Colibrí de Goudot
Blue-throated Goldentail Juliamyia eliciae Goldschwanz-Saphirkolibri Zafiro de Elicia
Rufous-throated Sapphire Hylocharis sapphirina Rotkehl-Saphirkolibri Zafiro Gorgirrojo
White-chinned Sapphire Juliamyia cyanus Weißkinn-Saphirkolibri Zafiro Gorgiblanco
Gilded Hummingbird Hylocharis chrysura Goldsaphirkolibri Zafiro Bronceado
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus Antillenhaubenkolibri Colibrí Crestado
Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti Violettkopfkolibri Colibrí Cabeciazul
Emerald-chinned Hummingbird Abeillia abeillei Abeillekolibri Colibrí de Abeillé
Plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi Zopfelfe Colibrí Copetón
Blue-chinned Sapphire Chlorestes notata Blaukinn-Smaragdkolibri Esmeralda Gorgiazul
Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus Blauschwanz-Smaragdkolibri Esmeralda Coliazul
Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon lucidus Goldbauch-Smaragdkolibri Esmeralda Ventidorada
Golden-crowned Emerald@ Chlorostilbon auriceps
Cozumel Emerald@ Chlorostilbon forficatus
Canivet's Emerald Chlorostilbon canivetii Gabelschwanz-Smaragdkolibri Esmeralda de Canivet
Salvin's Emerald Chlorostilbon salvini
Garden Emerald Chlorostilbon assimilis Garten-Smaragdkolibri Esmeralda de Panama
Western Emerald Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird Phaeochroa cuvierii Schuppenbrostkolibri Colibrí de Cuvier
Curve-winged Sabrewing Campylopterus curvipennis Blaukron-Degenflügel Colibrí Ruiseñor
Long-tailed Sabrewing@ Campylopterus excellens Langschwanz-Degenflügel Colibrí Colilargo
Grey-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis Graubrust-Degenflügel Colibrí Pechigrís
Rufous Sabrewing Campylopterus rufus Buntschwanz-Degenflügel Colibrí Rojizo Mexicano
Rufous-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus hyperythrus Rostbauch-Degenflügel Colibrí Rojizo Venezolano
Buff-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus duidae Tepuidegenflügel Colibrí del Duida
Violet Sabrewing Campylopterus hemileucurus Violetdegenflügel Colibrí Morado
White-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus ensipennis Weißschwanz-Degenflügel Colibrí Coliblanco
Lazuline Sabrewing Campylopterus falcatus Rotschwanz-Degenflügel Colibrí Lazulita
Santa Marta Sabrewing@ Campylopterus phainopeplus Santa-Marta-Degenflügel Colibrí de Santa Marta
Napo Sabrewing Campylopterus villaviscensio Napodegenflügel Colibrí del Napo
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macroura Blauer Gabelschwanzkolibri Colibrí Golondrina
Green-fronted Hummingbird@ Saucerottia viridifrons Grünscheitelamazilie Amazilia Frentiverde
Cinnamon-sided Hummingbird@ Saucerottii wagneri Zimtflankekolibrie Amazilia Flanquicanelo
Glittering-throated Emerald Hylocharis fimbriata Glitzerkehlamazilie Amazilia Listada
Sapphire-spangled Emerald Juliamyia lactea Saphiramazilie Amazilia Zafirina
Blue-chested Hummingbird Polyerata amabilis Bluabrustamazilie Amazilia amable
Charming Hummingbird Polyerata decora Schmuckamazilie Amazilia Corona de Berilo
Purple-chested Hummingbird Polyerata rosenbergi Rosenbergamazilie Amazilia de Rosenberg
Mangrove Hummingbird@ Polyerata boucardi Mangroveamazilie Amazilia de Manglar
Honduran Emerald@ Polyerata luciae Hondurasamazilie Amazilia Hondureña
Steely-vented Hummingbird Saucerottia saucerrottei Stahlgrüne Amazilie Amazilia Verdiazul
Indigo-capped Hummingbird Saucerottia cyanifrons Blaukappenamazilie Amazilia Capiazul
Snowy-breasted Hummingbird Saucerottia edward Edwardamazilie Amazilia de Edward
Blue-tailed Hummingbird Saucerottia cyanura Blauschwanzamazilie Amazlia Coliazul
Berylline Hummingbird Saucerottia beryllina Beryllamazilie Amazilia Berilina
Green-bellied Hummingbird Saucerottia viridigaster Grünbauchamazilie Amazilia Colimorada
Copper-tailed Hummingbird Saucerottia cupreicauda Kupferschwanzamazilie Amazilia Colicobriza
Copper-rumped Hummingbird Saucerottia tobaci Kupferbürzelamazilie Amazilia de Tobago
White-tailed Hummingbird@ Eupherusa poliocerca Weißschwanzeupherusa Colibrí de Guerrero
Stripe-tailed Hummingbird Eupherusa eximia Streifenschwanzeupherusa Colibrí Colirrayado
Oaxaca Hummingbird@ Eupherusa cyanophrys Blaustirneupherusa Colibrí Oaxaqueño
Black-bellied Hummingbird Eupherusa nigriventris Schwarzbaucheupherusa Colibrí Ventrinegro
White-tailed Emerald Elvira chionura Elvirakolibri Esmeralda Elvira
Coppery-headed Emerald@ Elvira cupreiceps Kupferköpfchen Esmeralda Capirotada
Snowcap Microchera albocoronata Schneekrönchen Colibrí Coroniblanco
White-vented Plumeleteer Chalybura buffonii Blauschwanz-Buffonkolibri Colibrí de Buffon
Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer Chalybura urochrysia Bronzeschwanz-Buffonkolibri Colibrí Patirrojo
Ecuadorian Plumeleteer Chalybura intermedia Ecuador- Buffonkolibri Colibrí Patirrojo Ecuadoriana
Blue-headed Sapphire Chrysuronia grayi Blaukopf-Saphirkolibri Zafiro Cabeciazul
Humboldt's Sapphire Chrysuronia humboldti
Golden-tailed Sapphire Chrysuronia oenone Bronzeschwanz-Saphirkolibri Zafiro Colidorado
Violet-capped Hummingbird Goldmania violiceps Violettkappenkolibri Colibrí de Goldman
Rufous-cheeked Hummingbird Goethalsia bella Rotgesichtkolibri Colibrí del Pirre
Red-billed Streamertail@ Trochilus polytmus Rotschnabel-Jamaikasylphe Colibrí Portacintas Piquirrojo
Black-billed Streamertail@ Trochilus scitulus Schwarzschnabel-Jamaicasylphe Colibrí Portacintas Piquinegro
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis Weißkehlkolibri Colibrí Gargantilla
Buffy Hummingbird Leucippus fallax Zimtbrustkolibri Colibrí Ante
Tumbes Hummingbird Leucippus baeri Baerkolibri Colibrí de Tumbes
Spot-throated Hummingbird@ Leucippus taczanowskii Taczanowskikolibri Colibrí de Taczanowski
Olive-spotted Hummingbird Leucippus chlorocercus Fleckenkolibri Colibrí Blanquioliva
Green-and-white Hummingbird@ Hylocharis viridicaudus Grünweißamazilie Colibrí Blanquiverde
White-bellied Hummingbird Hylocharis chionogaster Weißbauchamazilie Colibrí Ventriníveo
Many-spotted Hummingbird Taphrospilus hypostictus Tropfenkolibri Colibrí Moteado
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl Braunschwanzamazilie Amazilia Tzacatl
Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird@ Amazilia castaneiventris Braunbauchamazilie Amazilia Ventricastaña
Amazilia Hummingbird Chrysuronia amazilia Rostbauchamazilie Amazilia Costeña
Buff-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia yucatanensis Fahlbauchamazilie Amazilia Yucateca
Cinnamon Hummingbird Amazilia rutila Zimtbauchamazilie Amazilia Canela
Plain-bellied Emerald Chrysuronia leucogaster Hellbauchamazilie Amazilia Ventriblanca
Versicolored Emerald Chrysuronia versicolor Glanzamazilie Amazilia versicolor
White-chested Emerald Chrysuronia brevirostris Kurzschnabelamazilie Amazilia Pechiblanca
Andean Emerald Chrysuronia franciae Andenamazilie Amazilia Andina
White-bellied Emerald Juliamyia candida Bronzekopfamazilie Amazilia Candída
Azure-crowned Hummingbird Saucerottia cyanocephala Blaukopfamazilie Amazilia Coroniazul
Violet-crowned Hummingbird Saucerrotia violiceps Veichenscheitelamazilie Amazilia Coronivioleta
Xantus's Hummingbird@ Basilinna xantusii Schwarzstirn-Saphirkolibri Colibrí de Xantus
White-eared Hummingbird Basilinna leucotis Purpurstirn-Saphirkolibri Colibrí Orejiblanco
Wedge-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus pampa Pampakolibri Colibrí Pampa
Caribbean Emerald+ Chlorostilbon elegans Gouldsmaragdkolibri Esmeralda de Gould

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au