English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Black-hooded Thrush Turdus olivater Kapuzendrossel
Maranon Thrush@ Turdus maranonicus Maranondrossel
Chestnut-bellied Thrush Turdus fulviventris Ockerbauchdrossel
Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris Rotbauchdrossel
Austral Thrush Turdus falcklandii Magellandrossel
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas Fahlbrustdrossel
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus Rahmbauchdrossel
American Mountain Thrush Turdus plebejus Cabanisdrossel
Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis Schwarzschnabeldrossel
Lawrence's Thrush Turdus lawrencii Lawrencedrossel
Cocoa Thrush Turdus fumigatus Kakaodrossel
Pale-vented Thrush Turdus obsoletus Blaßsteißdrossel
Hauxwell's Thrush Turdus hauxwelli
Unicolored Thrush@ Turdus haplochrous Palmaritodrossel
Clay-colored Thrush Turdus grayi Gilbdrossel
Yellow-eyed Thrush Turdus nudigenis Nacktaugendrossel
Ecuadorian Thrush Turdus maculirostris
White-eyed Thrush@ Turdus jamaicensis Weißaugendrossel
White-throated Thrush Turdus assimilis
White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis Trauerdrossel
Rufous-backed Thrush@ Turdus rufopalliatus Rotmanteldrossel
Grayson's Thrush@ Turdus graysoni
La Selle Thrush Turdus swalesi Haitidrossel
Rufous-collared Robin Turdus rufitorques Rotnackendrossel
American Robin Turdus migratorius Wanderdrossel Robín Americano
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus Ringdrossel Mirlo de Collar
Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul Bülbülamsel
Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula Amsel Mirlo Común
Island Thrush Turdus poliocephalus Südseedrossel
Brown-headed Thrush Turdus chrysolaus Rotkopfdrossel
Izu Thrush@ Turdus celaenops Kurodadrossel
Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus Kastaniendrossel
Kessler's Thrush Turdus kessleri Rhododendrondrossel
Grey-sided Thrush Turdus feae Rostdrossel
Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus Fahldrossel
Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus Weißbrauendrossel Zorzal Rojigris
Black-throated Thrush Turdus atrogularis
Red-throated Thrush Turdus ruficollis Bechsteindrossel Zorzal Papinegro
Naumann's Thrush Turdus naumanni Naumanndrossel Zorzal de Naumann
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris Wacholderdrossel Zorzal Real
Redwing Turdus iliacus Rotdrossel Zorzal Alirrojo
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos Singdrossel Zorzal Común
Chinese Thrush Turdus mupinensis Chinasingdrossel
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus Misteldrossel Zorzal Charlo
White-chinned Thrush@ Turdus aurantius Weißkinndrossel
Grand Cayman Thrush@+ Turdus ravidus Rotaugendrossel
Red-legged Thrush Turdus plumbeus Rotfußdrossel
Chiguanco Thrush Turdus chiguanco Chiguancodrossel
Sooty Thrush Turdus nigrescens Rußdrossel
Great Thrush Turdus fuscater Riesendrossel
Black Thrush Turdus infuscatus Guatemaladrossel
Glossy-black Thrush Turdus serranus Samtdrossel
Andean Slaty-Thrush Turdus nigriceps Weißachseldrossel
Eastern Slaty-Thrush Turdus subalaris
Plumbeous-backed Thrush Turdus reevei Mausdrossel
Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus aurantiirostris Goldschnabel-Musendrossel
Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus fuscater Graurücken-Musendrossel
Russet Nightingale-Thrush@ Catharus occidentalis Braunkopf-Musendrossel
Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus mexicanus Schwarzkopf-Musendrossel
Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush Catharus frantzii Bergmusendrossel
Spotted Nightingale-Thrush Catharus dryas Tropfenbrust-Musendrossel
Veery Catharus fuscescens Wilsondrossel Zorzal Solitario
Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus Grauwangendrossel Zorzal Carigris
Bicknell's Thrush Catharus bicknelli Bicknelldrossel
Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus Zwergdrossel Zorzal Chico
Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus Einsiedlerdrossel Zorzal Común Americano
Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina Walddrossel Zorzal Charlo Americana
Yellow-legged Thrush Turdus flavipes Köhlerdrossel
Pale-eyed Thrush Turdus leucops Taczanowskidrossel
Groundscraper Thrush Psophocichla litsipsirupa Akaziendrossel
Comoro Thrush@ Turdus bewsheri Komorendrossel
Olivaceous Thrush@ Turdus olivaceofuscus Sao-Tomé-drossel
African Thrush Turdus pelios Gmelindrossel
Mountain Thrush Turdus abyssinicus Gmelindrossel Zorzal de Gmelin
Olive Thrush Turdus olivaceus Kapdrossel
Somali Thrush@ Turdus ludoviciae Somalidrossel
Taita Thrush@ Turdus helleri Taitadrossel
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus Rotschnabeldrossel
Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus tephronotus Brillendrossel
Yemen Thrush Turdus menachensis Jemendrossel
Black-breasted Thrush Turdus dissimilis Schwarzbrustdrossel
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum Gartendrossel
Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor Einfarbdrossel Zorzal Unicolor
Japanese Thrush Turdus cardis Scheckendrossel
White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus Weißhalsdrossel
Slaty-backed Thrush@ Geokichla schistacea
Buru Thrush@ Geokichla dumasi
Chestnut-capped Thrush Geokichla interpres
Chestnut-backed Thrush@ Geokichla dohertyi
Rusty-backed Thrush@ Geokichla erythronota
Pied Thrush Geokichla wardii
Orange-banded Thrush@ Geokichla peronii
Ashy Thrush@ Geokichla cinerea
Orange-headed Thrush Geokichla citrina
Everett's Thrush@ Zoothera everetti
Siberian Thrush Geokichla sibirica Schieferdrossel Zorzal Siberiano
Fawn-breasted Thrush@ Zoothera machiki Tanimbarerddrossel
Russet-tailed Thrush@ Zoothera heinei Papuaerddrossel
Bassian Thrush Zoothera lunulata Tasmanerdroseel
New Britain Thrush@ Zoothera talaseae Bismarckerddrossel
San Cristobal Thrush@ Zoothera margaretae
Long-billed Thrush Zoothera monticola Bergdrossel
Dark-sided Thrush Zoothera marginata Langschnabeldrossel
Bonin Thrush@+ Zoothera terrestris
Sulawesi Thrush@ Cataponera turdoides Schwarzbrauendrossel
Tristan Thrush@ Turdus eremita Tristandrossel
Forest Thrush Turdus lherminieri Antillendrossel
Kamau@+ Myadestes myadestinus Kauaiklarino
Amaui@+ Myadestes woahensis
Olomau@+ Myadestes lanaiensis Lanaiklarino
Puaiohi Myadestes palmeri Palmerklarino
Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus gracilirostris Graukehl-Musendrossel
Geomalia@ Geomalia heinrichi Celebesdrossel
Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius Halsbanddrossel
Aztec Thrush@ Ridgwayia pinicola Aztekendrossel
Abyssinian Ground-Thrush Geokichla piaggiae Orangedrossel
Kivu Ground-Thrush Geokichla tanganjicae Tanganjikadrossel
Oberlaender's Ground-Thrush Geokichla oberlaenderi Oberländerdrossel
Orange Ground-Thrush Geokichla gurneyi Gurneydrossel
Black-eared Ground-Thrush Geokichla cameronensis Kamerundrossel
Grey Ground-Thrush Geokichla princei Ghanadrossel
Crossley's Ground-Thrush Geokichla crossleyi Crossleydrossel
Spotted Ground-Thrush Geokichla guttata Nataldrossel
Spot-winged Thrush@ Geokichla spiloptera Ceylondrossel
Sunda Thrush Zoothera andromedae Andromedadrossel
Plain-backed Thrush Zoothera mollissima Himalayadrossel
Long-tailed Thrush Zoothera dixoni Dixondrossel
Scaly Thrush Zoothera dauma Erddrossel Zorzal Dorado
Amami Thrush@ Zoothera major
Black-breasted Fruit-Hunter@ Chlamydochaera jefferyi Fruchtpicker
Purple Cochoa Cochoa purpurea Purpurschnäpperdrossel
Green Cochoa Cochoa viridis Smaragdschnäpperdrossel
Sumatran Cochoa@ Cochoa beccarii Sumatraschnäpperdrossel
Javan Cochoa@ Cochoa azurea Sundaschnäpperdrossel
Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi Townsendklarino
Brown-backed Solitaire Myadestes occidentalis Braunrückenklarino
Cuban Solitaire@ Myadestes elisabeth Kubaklarino
Rufous-throated Solitaire Myadestes genibarbis Bartklarino
Black-faced Solitaire Myadestes melanops Maskenklarino
Varied Solitaire Myadestes coloratus Buntklarino
Andean Solitaire Myadestes ralloides Andenklarino
Slate-colored Solitaire Myadestes unicolor Schieferklarino
Rufous-brown Solitaire Cichlopsis leucogenys Rotrückenklarino
White-eared Solitaire Entomodestes leucotis Weißohrklarino
Black Solitaire Entomodestes coracinus Schwarzklarino
Rufous Flycatcher-Thrush Stizorhina fraseri Kurzlaufdrossel
Finsch's Flycatcher-Thrush Stizorhina finschii Finschdrossel
Red-tailed Ant-Thrush Neocossyphus rufus Rotschwanz-Fuchsdrossel
White-tailed Ant-Thrush Neocossyphus poensis Weißschwanz-Fuchsdrossel
Grandala Grandala coelicolor Grandala
Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis Rotkehl-Hüttensänger
Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana Blaukehl-Hüttensänger
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides Berghüttensänger
Usambara Thrush Turdus roehli Roehldrossel Zorzal de Roehl
Guadalcanal Thrush@ Zoothera turipavae Guadalcanal-Erddrossel Zorrel de Guadalcanal
Varzea Thrush Turdus sanchezorum Varzeadrossel Zorzal de Varzea
Indian Blackbird Turdus simillimus Indianer-Amsel Mirlo de India
Tibetan Blackbird Turdus maximus Tibet-Amsel Mirlo de Tibet

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au