English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Cordilleran Flycatcher Empidonax occidentalis Höchland-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Cordillerano
Yellowish Flycatcher Empidonax flavescens Birkenschnäppertyrann Mosquero Ventriamarillo
Buff-breasted Flycatcher Empidonax fulvifrons Orangebrust-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Pechicanelo
Black-capped Flycatcher Empidonax atriceps Schwarzkappen-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Cabecinegro
Cocos Flycatcher@ Nesotriccus ridgwayi Cocos-Insel-Tyrann Mosquerito del Coco
Northern Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus Augenstreif-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Parduzco
Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe Weißbauch-Phoebetyrann Mosquero Fibí
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya Zimtbauch-Phoebetyrann Mosquero Llanero
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans Schwarzkopf-Phoebetyrann Mosquero Negro
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus Purpurtyrann Mosquero Cardenal
Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant Silvicultrix diadema Gelbbauch-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo Diademado
Crowned Chat-Tyrant Silvicultrix frontalis Kronenschmätzertyrann Pitajo Coronado
Kalinowski's Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca spodionota Kalinowski-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo de Kalinowski
Jelski's Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca jelskii Rostbürzel-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo de Jelski
Golden-browed Chat-Tyrant Silvicutrix pulchella Goldbrauen-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo Cejidorado
Blackish Chat-Tyrant@ Ochthoeca nigrita Schwartzer-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo Negresco
Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris Schiefermantel-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo Negro
Maroon-belted Chat-Tyrant@ Ochthoeca thoracica Maronenbrust-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo con cinturón marón
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca rufipectoralis Orangebrust-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo Pechirrufo
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca fumicolor Fahlbrauen-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo Dorsipardo
D'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca oenanthoides Graurücken-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo Canela
White-browed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca leucophrys Graubauch-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo Gris
Piura Chat-Tyrant@ Ochthoeca piurae Buntflügel-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo de Piura
Tumbes Tyrant@ Ochthoeca salvini Gelbstirntyrann Pitajo de Tumbes
Patagonian Tyrant Colorhamphus parvirostris Patagonienschmätzertyrann Peutrén
Drab Water-Tyrant Ochthornis littoralis Weißbrauentyrann Mosquerito Guardarríos
Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes striaticollis Streifenkehl-Buschtyrann Birro Grande
Red-rumped Bush-Tyrant Cnemarchus erythropygius Rostbürzel-Buschtyrann Birro Culirrojo
Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax Großer Schnäppertyrann Pibí Tengofrío
Dark Pewee Contopus lugubris Trauerschnäppertyrann Pibí Oscuro
Ochraceous Pewee Contopus ochraceus Ockergelb-Schnäppertyrann Pibí Ocráceo
Western Wood-pewee Contopus sordidulus Westlicher Waldschnäppertyrann Pibí occidental
Eastern Wood-pewee Contopus virens Östlicher Waldschnäppertyrann Pibí Oriental
Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus Südlicher Waldschnäppertyrann Pibí Tropical
Tumbes Pewee Contopus punensis
Blackish Pewee Contopus nigrescens Dunkelschnäppertyrann Pibí Negruzco
White-throated Pewee Contopus albogularis Weißkehl-Waldschnäppertyrann Pibí Gorgiblanco
Cuban Pewee Contopus caribaeus Kubaschnäppertyrann Pibí Cubano
Jamaican Pewee@ Contopus pallidus
Hispaniolan Pewee Contopus hispaniolensis
Lesser Antillean Pewee Contopus latirostris Kleinantillen-Schnäppertyrann Pibí Puertorriqueño
Tawny-chested Flycatcher Aphanotriccus capitalis Ockerbrust-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Pechileonado
Black-billed Flycatcher Aphanotriccus audax Schwarzschnabel-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Piquinegro
Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri Euler-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero de Euler
Grey-breasted Flycatcher Lathrotriccus griseipectus Graubrust-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Pechigrís
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Birkenschnäppertyrann Mosquero Ventriamarillo
Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens Buchenschnäppertyrann Mosquero Verdoso
Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Erlenschnäppertyrann Mosquero Alisero
Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii Weidenschnäppertyrann Mosquero Saucero
White-throated Flycatcher Empidonax albigularis Fahlkehlschnäppertyrann Mosquero Gorgiblanco
Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus Zwergschnäppertyrann Mosquero Minimo
Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii Tannenschnäppertyrann Mosquero de Hammond
American Grey Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii Trockenbusch-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Gris
American Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri Buschland-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero oscuro
Pine Flycatcher Empidonax affinis Kiefernschnäppertyrann Mosquero de los Pinos
Pacific-slope Flycatcher Empidonax difficilis Feuchtwald-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero del Pacifico
Amazonian Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus Kronentyrann
Pacific Royal-Flycatcher Onychorhynchus occidentalis
Atlantic Royal-Flycatcher@ Onychorhynchus swainsoni
Ornate Flycatcher Myiotriccus ornatus Schmucktyrann
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher Terenotriccus erythrurus Rotschwanztyrann Mosquerito Colirrojo
Tawny-breasted Myiobus Myiobius villosus Gebirgsborstentyrann Moscareta Vellosa
Whiskered Myiobius Myiobius barbatus Gelbbauch-Borstentyrann Moscareta Barbada
Black-tailed Myiobius Myiobius atricaudus Schwarzschwanz-Borstentyrann Moscareta Colinegra
Flavescent Flycatcher Myiophobus2 flavicans Gelbbürzel-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Amarillo
Orange-crested Flycatcher Myiophobus2 phoenicomitra Olivrücken-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Crestinaranja
Unadorned Flycatcher Myiophobus2 inornata Zimtflügel-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Sencillo
Roraiman Flycatcher Myiophobus2 roraimae Tepuischnäppertyrann Mosquero del Roraima
Orange-banded Flycatcher Nephelomyias lintoni Orangeband-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero de Linton
Handsome Flycatcher Nephelomyias pulcher Graukronen-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Hermoso
Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher Nephelomyias ochraceiventris Ockerhals-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero pechiocre
Olive-chested Flycatcher Myiophobus cryptoxanthus Grauflecken-Schnäppertyrann Mosquera Pechioliva
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus Rostschnäppertyrann Mosquero Estriado
Belted Flycatcher Xenotriccus callizonus Brustband--Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Fajado
Pileated Flycatcher@ Xenotriccus mexicanus Schopfschnäppertyrann Mosquero del Balsas
Cinnamon Flycatcher Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus Zimttyrann Birro Chico
NorthernTufted Flycatcher Mitrephanes phaeocercus Gelbbauch-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Moñudo Común
Olive Flycatcher Mitrephanes olivaceus Olivbauch-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Moñudo Oliváceo
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Olivflanken-Schnäppertyrann Pibí Boreal
Smoke-colored Pewee Contopus fumigatus Schieferschnäppertyrann Pibí Ahumado
Black-fronted Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola frontalis Schwarzstirntyrann
Andean Negrito Lessonia oreas Oreastyrann
Austral Negrito Lessonia rufa Sporntyrann
Cinereous Tyrant Knipolegus striaticeps Schwarzmasken-Dunkeltyrann Viudita Chaqueña
Hudson's Black-Tyrant Knipolegus hudsoni Weißflanken-Dunkeltyrann Viudita Patagona
Amazonian Black-Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus Várzeadunkeltyrann Viudita Amazónica
Andean Tyrant Knipolegus signatus Andendunkeltyrann Viudita Andina
Blue-billed Black-Tyrant Knipolegus cyanirostris Einfarbdunkeltyrann Viudita Picoceleste
Rufous-tailed Tyrant Knipolegus poecilurus Fahlbauchdunkeltyrann Viudita Colirrufa
Slaty Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis Schiefrig Flussufer-dunkeltyrann Viudita Ribereña de Color Pizzara
White-winged Black-Tyrant Knipolegus aterrimus Weißspiegel-Dunkeltyrann Viudita Aliblanca
Velvety Black-Tyrant@ Knipolegus nigerrimus Kurzschopf-Dunkeltyrann Viudita Aterciopelada
Crested Black-Tyrant Knipolegus lophotes Haubendunkeltyrann Viudita Copetona
Spectacled Tyrant Hymenops perspicillatus Brillendunkeltyrann Viudita Picoplata
Pied Water-Tyrant Fluvicola pica Elsterwassertyrann Viudita Pía
Black-backed Water-Tyrant Fluvicola albiventer Schwarzrücken-Wassertyrann Viudita Dorsinegra
Brazilian Water-tyrant@ Fluvicola nengeta Graurücken-Wassertyrann Viudita Enmascarada
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala Weißkopf-Wassertyrann Viudita Cabeciblanca
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus Weißkappen-Schleppentyrann Mosquero Colilargo
Cock-tailed Tyrant Alectrurus tricolor Hahnenschwanztyrann Yetapá Chico
Strange-tailed Tyrant Alectrurus risora Rotkehl-Schleppentyrann Yetapá Acollarado
Streamer-tailed Tyrant Gubernetes yetapa Kehlband-Schleppertyrann Yetapá Grande
Yellow-browed Tyrant Satrapa icterophrys Goldtyrann Mosquero Cejiamarillo
Short-tailed Field-Tyrant Muscigralla brevicauda Stummelschwanztyrann Dormilona Colicorta
Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea Schwalbentyrann
Swallow Flycatcher Hirundinea bellicosa
Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosa Stelzentyrann
Shear-tailed Grey-Tyrant Muscipipra vetula Kerbschwanztyrann Viudita Coloda
Rufous-webbed Bush-Tyrant Polioxolmis rufipennis Rostspiegel-Buschtyrann Birro Alirrufo
Santa Marta Bush-Tyrant@ Myiotheretes pernix Santa-Marta-Buschtyrann Biro de Santa Marta
Smoky Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes fumigatus Rußbuschtyrann Birro Ahumado
Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes fuscorufus Rostbinden-Buschtyrann Birro Ventirrufo
Fire-eyed Diucon Xolmis pyrope Feueraugen-Nonnentyrann Diucón
Grey Monjita Xolmis cinereus Bartstreif-Nonnentyrann Monjita Grís
Black-crowned Monjita Xolmis coronatus Schwarzkappen-Nonnentyrann Monjita Coronado
White-rumped Monjita Xolmis velatus Weißbinden-Nonnentyrann Monjita Velada
White Monjita Xolmis irupero Weiß-Nonnentyrann Monjita Blanca
Rusty-backed Monjita Xolmis rubetra Rotrücken-Nonnentyrann Monjita Castaña
Salinas Monjita@ Xolmis salinarum Weißnacken-Nonnentyrann Monjita Salinera
Black-and-white Monjita Heteroxolmis dominicana Schwarzschwanz--Nonnentyrann Monjita Dominicana
Chocolate-vented Tyrant Neoxolmis rufiventris Hellschulter-Nonnentyrann Monjita Chocolate
Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis montanus Schwarzschnabel-Hakentyrann Gaucho Serrano
White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis albicauda Weißschwanz-Hakentyrann Gaucho Andino
Great Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis lividus Schwarzschwanz-Hakentyrann Gaucho Grande
Grey-bellied Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis micropterus Weißbraun-Hakentyrann Gaucho gris
Lesser Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis murinus Kleinhakentyrann Gaucho Chico
Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola maculirostris Schnabelfleck-Grundtyrann Dormilona Chica
Little Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola fluviatilis Tiefland-Grundtyrann Dormilona Enana
Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola maclovianus Maskengrundtyrann Dormilona Carinegra
Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola capistratus Zügeltyrann Dormilona Canela
Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola rufivertex Rotnacken-Grundtyrann Dormilona Nuquirroja
Puna Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola juninensis Punatyrann Dormilona Puneña
White-browed Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola albilora Rostkäppe-Grundtyrann Dormilona Cejiblanca
Paramo Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola alpinus Felsentyrann
Taczanowski's Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola griseus Felsentyrann
Cinereous Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola cinereus Graunackentyrann
White-fronted Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola albifrons Klippentyrann
Ochre-naped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola flavinucha Gelbnackentyrann
Black Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus sclateri Schwarz Flussufer-dunkeltyrann Viudita Ribereña Negro
Xingu Riverside Tyrant@ Knipolegus xinguensis Xingu Flussufer-dunkeltyrann Viudita Ribereña de Xingu
Sao Francisco Black-Tyrant@ Knipolegus franciscanus San Francisco Dunkeltyrann Viudita del Rio São Francisco
Ecuadorian Water-tyrant Fluvicola atripennis Ecuador-Wassertyrann Viudita de Ecuador
Rufescent Flycatcher Myiophobus rufescens
Duida Flycatcher Cnemotriccus duidae Duida-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero del Duida
Southern Dusky Flycatcher Cnemotriccus bimaculatus Südliche Augenstreif-Schnäppertyrann Mosquero Parduzco del Sur
Darwin's Flycatcher@ Pyrocephalus nanus Galapagos Rubintyrann Mosquero de Galapagos
Rufous-browed Chat-Tyrant@ Ochthoeca superciliosa Rotaugenbrauen-Schmätzertyrann Pitajo con Ceja Rufo
Northern Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus mexicanus Mosquero Real Centroamericano
Sulphur-rumped Myobius Myiobius sulphureipygius Schwefelbürzel-Borstentyrann Moscareta Culiamarilla

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au