English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Bronze-olive Pygmy-Tyrant Pseudotriccus pelzelni Bronzeolivtyrann Tiranuelo Bronceado
Hazel-fronted Pygmy-Tyrant Pseudotriccus simplex Roststirntyrann Tiranuelo Simplo
Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant Pseudotriccus ruficeps Rotkopftyrann Tiranuelo Cabecirrojo
Streak-necked Flycatcher Mionectes striaticollis Graukappen-Pipratyrann Mosquero Gorgiestriado
Olive-striped Flycatcher Mionectes olivaceus Olivkopf-Pipratyrann Mosquero Oliváceo
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus Ockerbauch-Pipratyrann Mosquero Aceitunado
McConnell's Flycatcher Mionectes macconnelli Schwarzschnabel-Pipratyrann Mosquero de McConnell
Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris Graukopf-Pipratyrann Mosquero Ladrillito
Rufous-breasted Flycatcher Leptopogon rufipectus Rostbrust-Laubtyrann Orejero Pechirrufo
Inca Flycatcher@ Leptopogon taczanowskii Graugesicht-Laubtyrann Orejero Inca
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus Braunkappen-Laubtyrann Orejero Coronipardo
Slaty-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon superciliaris Schieferkappen-Laubtyrann Orejero Coronigrís
Southern Antpipit Corythopis delalandi Südlicher Brustbandtyrann Mosquero Terrestre Sureño
Ringed Antpipit Corythopis torquatus Nördlicher Brustbandtyrann Mosquero Terrestre Norteño
Pelzeln's Tody-Tyrant@ Snethlagea inornata Pelzelntodityrann Titirijí de Pelzeln
Black-throated Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus granadensis Schwarzkehl-Todityrann Titirijí Gorginegro
Buff-breasted Tody-Tyrant@ Hemitriccus mirandae Ockerbauch-Todityrann Titirijí de Miranda
Cinnamon-breasted Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus cinnamomeipectus Zimtbrust-Todityrann Titirijí Pechicanelo
Kaempfer's Tody-Tyrant@ Hemitriccus kaempferi Ockerbrust-Todityrann Titirijí de Kaempfer
Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus rufigularis Graukappen-Todityrann Titirijí Gorgirrufo
Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant@ Hemitriccus furcatus Gabelschwanz-Todityrann Titirijí Tijereta
Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum Fleckenbrust-Todityrann Titirijí Moteado
Grey-headed Tody-Flycatcher@ Todirostrum poliocephalum Gelbzügel-Todityrann Titirijí Cabacigrís
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum Graugelb-Todityrann Titirijí Común
Maracaibo Tody-Flycatcher@ Todirostrum viridanum Kurzschwanz-Todityrann Titirijí de Maracaibo
Painted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum pictum Schwarzflecken-Todityrann Titirijí Pintado
Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum Goldbrauen-Todityrann Titirijí Cejiamarillo
Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum nigriceps Schwarzkopf-Todityrann Titirijí Cabecinegro
Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus ruficeps Rostkappen-Todityrann Titirijí Capirrufo
Lulu's Tody-Flycatcher@ Poecilotriccus luluae Lulutodityrann Titirijí de Lulu
Black-and-white Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus capitalis Schwarzweiß-Todityrann Titirijí Pío
White-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher@ Poecilotriccus albifacies Weißwangen-Todityrann Titirijí Cariblanco
Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus sylvia Graukopf-Todityrann Titirijí Grís
Buff-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher@ Poecilotriccus senex Ockerwangen-Todityrann Titirijí Carirrosa
Ruddy Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus russatus Rostgesicht-Todityrann Titirijí Bermejo
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps Ockergesicht-Todityrann Titirijí Cabecicanela
Smoky-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus fumifrons Graustirn-Todityrann Titirijí Cabecigrís
Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus latirostris Rostzügel-Todityrann Titirijí Frentirrojo
Golden-winged Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus calopterus Goldflügel-Todityrann Titirijí Alidorado
Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus pulchellus Weißzügel-Todityrann Titirijí Dorsinegro
Black-chested Tyrant Taeniotriccus andrei Schwarzschopf-Todityrann Mosquero Pechinegro
Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant@ Hemitriccus orbitatus Augenring-Todityrann Titirijí de Anteojos
Snethlage's Tody-Tyrant Snethlagea minor Kleintodityrann Titirijí de Snethlage
Brown-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant@ Hemitriccus obsoletus Weißbrust Todityrann Titirijí Pechipardo
Johannes's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus iohannis Braunzügel-Todityrann Titirijí de Johannes
White-eyed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus zosterops Weißaugen-Todityrann Titirijí Ojiblanco
Boat-billed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus josephinae Grauwangen-Todityrann Titirijí de Josefina
Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus striaticollis Streifenkehl-Todityrann Titirijí Gorgiestriado
Hangnest Tody-Tyrant@ Hemitriccus nidipendulus Grünrücken-Todityrann Titirijí de Wied
Yungas Tody-Tyrant@ Snethlagea spodiops Yungas-Todityrann Titirijí Boliviano
Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus diops Weißstern-Todityrann Titirijí Pechigrís
Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant Myiornis margaritaceiventer Perlbauch-Todityrann Titirijí Perlado
Flammulated Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus flammulatus Streifenbrust-Todityrann Titirijí Flamulado
White-bellied Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus griseipectus Weißbauch-Todityrann Titirijí Ventriblanco
Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant Snethlagea minima Zwergtodityrann Titirijí de Zimmer

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au