English Name Scientific Name German Name Spanish Name
Pitcairn Reed-Warbler@ Acrocephalus vaughani Pitcairnrohrsänger
Giant White-eye@ Megazosterops palauensis Bronzebrillenvogel
Truk White-eye@ Rukia ruki Trukbrillenvogel
Long-billed White-eye@ Rukia longirostra Langschnabel-Brillenvogel
Golden White-eye@ Cleptornis marchei
Rufescent Darkeye@ Heleia stalkeri Kakopibrillenvogel
Rufous-throated White-eye@ Heliea ruficollis Orangekehl-Brillenvogel
Grey-hooded White-eye@ Heliea pinaiae Pinaiabrillenvogel
Black-masked White-eye@ Heliea goodfellowi Mindanaobrillenvogel
Streak-headed White-eye@ Heliea squamiceps Schuppenkopf-Brillenvogel
Javan Grey-throated White-eye@ Heliea javanica Javabrillenvogel
Cream-browed White-eye@ Heliea superciliaris Gelbbrauen-Brillenvogel
Crested White-eye@ Heliea dohertyi Schopfbrillenvogel
Pygmy White-eye@ Heliea squamifrons Zwergbrillenvogel
Spot-breasted White-eye@ Heleia muelleri Fleckenbrust-Brillenvogel
Thick-billed White-eye@ Heleia crassirostris Nacktaugen-Brillenvogel
Mountain Blackeye@ Zosterops emiliae Schwarzring-Brillenvogel
Cinnamon Ibon@ Hypocryptadius cinnamomeus Zimtbrillenvogel
Fernando Po Speirops@ Zosterops brunneus Braunbrillenvogel
Principe Speirops@ Zosterops leucophaeus Silberbrillenvogel
Mount Cameroon Speirops@ Zosterops melanocephalus
Black-capped Speirops@ Zosterops lugubris Trauerbrillenvogel
Ambon White-eye@ Zosterops kuehni Ambonbrillenvogel
Papuan White-eye Zosterops novaeguineae Papuabrillenvogel
Yellow-throated White-eye@ Zosterops metcalfii Goldkehl-Brillenvogel
Christmas White-eye@ Zosterops natalis Weißstirn-Brillenvogel
Canary White-eye@ Zosterops luteus Mangrovebrillenvogel
Louisiade White-eye@ Zosterops griseotinctus Louisiadenbrillenvogel
Rennell White-eye@ Zosterops rennellianus Rennelbrillenvogel
Vella Lavella White-eye@ Zosterops vellalavella Bänderbrillenvogel Anteojitos de la Vella Lavella
Gizo White-eye@ Zosterops luteirostris Gizobrillenvogel
Ganongga White-eye@ Zosterops splendidus
Solomon White-eye@ Zosterops kulambangrae
Grey-throated White-eye@ Zosterops rendovae Graukehl-Brillenvogel Anteojitos Gorjigris
Kolombangara Mountain White-eye@ Zosterops murphyi Murphybrillenvogel
Malaita White-eye@ Zosterops stresemanni Malaitabrillenvogel
Santa Cruz White-eye@ Zosterops sanctaecrucis Einfarb-Brillenvogel
Samoan White-eye@ Zosterops samoensis Samoabrillenvogel
Yap Olive White-eye@ Zosterops oleagineus
Fiji White-eye@ Zosterops explorator Layardbrillenvogel
Vanuatu White-eye@ Zosterops flavifrons Gelbstirn-Brillenvogel
Small Lifou White-eye@ Zosterops minutus Ameisenbrillenvogel
Green-backed White-eye@ Zosterops xanthochroa Waldbrillenvogel
Silvereye Zosterops lateralis Graumantel-Brillenvogel
Lord Howe White-eye@ Zosterops tephropleurus
Slender-billed White-eye@ Zosterops tenuirostris Dünnschnabel-Brillenvogel
White-chested White-eye@ Zosterops albogularis Norfolkbrillenvogel
Large Lifou White-eye@ Zosterops inornatus Lifubrillenvogel
Dusky White-eye@ Zosterops finschii
Grey-browned White-eye@ Zosterops cinereus Kittlitzbrillenvogel
Bare-eyed White-eye@ Zosterops superciliosus Wordfordbrillenvogel Anteojitos de Woodford
Sanford's White-eye@ Zosterops lacertosus Sanfordbrillenvogel Anteojitos de Sandford
Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus Gangesbrillenvogel
Sri Lanka White-eye@ Zosterops ceylonensis Ceylonbrillenvogel
Bridled White-eye@ Zosterops conspicillatus Semperbrillenvogel
Rota White-eye@ Zosterops rotensis
Caroline Islands White-eye Zosterops semperi
Plain White-eye@ Zosterops hypolais
Enggano White-eye@ Zosterops salvadorii Salvadoribrillenvogel
Black-capped White-eye Zosterops atricapilla Schwarzstirn-Brillenvogel
Everett's White-eye Zosterops everetti Everett-Brillenvogel
Golden-green White-eye@ Zosterops nigrorum Philippinenbrillenvogel
Mountain White-eye Zosterops montanus Gebirgsbrillenvogel
Yellow-ringed White-eye@ Heleia wallacei Gelbring-Brillenvogel
Javan White-eye Zosterops flavus Horsfieldbrillenvogel
Lemon-bellied White-eye Zosterops chloris Molukkenbrillenvogel
Ashy-bellied White-eye Zosterops citrinella Zitronenbrillenvogel
Pale-bellied White-eye@ Zosterops consobrinorum Celebesbrillenvogel
Pearl-bellied White-eye@ Zosterops grayi Graybrillenvogel
Golden-bellied White-eye@ Zosterops uropygialis Tualbrillenvogel
Black-ringed White-eye@ Zosterops anomalus Sulawesibrillenvogel
Cream-throated White-eye@ Zosterops atriceps Braunscheitel-Brillenvogel
Black-crowned White-eye@ Zosterops atrifrons Nehrkornbrillenvogel
Togian White-eye@ Zosterops somadikartai
Sangihe White-eye@ Zosterops nehrkorni
Seram White-eye@ Zosterops stalkeri
Black-fronted White-eye@ Zosterops minor Neuguineabrillenvogel
Tagula White-eye@ Zosterops meeki Tagulabrillenvogel
Bismarck White-eye@ Zosterops hypoxanthus Schwarzkopf-Brillenvogel Anteojitos de las Bismarck
Biak White-eye@ Zosterops mysorensis Biakbrillenvogel
Capped White-eye@ Zosterops fuscicapilla Arfakbrillenvogel Anteojitos de las Arfak
Buru White-eye@ Zosterops buruensis Burubrillenvogel
African Yellow White-eye Zosterops senegalensis Senegalbrillenvogel Anteojitos Senegalés
Pemba White-eye@ Zosterops vaughani Pembabrillenvogel
Marianne White-eye@+ Zosterops semiflavus Dotterbrust-Brillenvogel
Montane White-eye Zosterops poliogastrus
Kikuyu White-eye@ Zosterops kikuyuensis
South Pare White-eye@ Zosterops winifredae
Taita White-eye@ Zosterops silvanus
Abyssinian White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus Somalibrillenvogel
Orange River White-eye Zosterops pallidus Kapbrillenvogel
Malagasy White-eye Zosterops maderaspatanus Madagaskarbrillenvogel
Karthala White-eye@ Zosterops mouroniensis Karthalabrillenvogel Anteojitos de Karthala
Principe White-eye@ Zosterops ficedulinus Fahlbrillenvogel
Annobon White-eye@ Zosterops griseovirescens Annobonbrillenvogel
Reunion Grey White-eye Zosterops borbonicus Reunionbrillenvogel Anteojitos de Reunion
Reunion Olive White-eye@ Zosterops olivaceus Olivbrillenvogel
Mauritius Olive White-eye@ Zosterops chloronothos Mauritiusbrillenvogel
Seychelles White-eye@ Zosterops modestus Mahebrillenvogel
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus Rostflanken-Brillenvogel
Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus Japanbrillenvogel
Lowland White-eye@ Zosterops meyeni Luzonbrillenvogel
Kirk's White-eye@ Zosterops kirki Kirkbrillenvogel Anteojitos de Kirk
Vanikoro White-eye@ Zosterops gibbsi Vanikorobrillenvogel Anteojitos de Vanikoro
Cape White-eye Zosterops capensis Kapbrillenvogel
Forest White-eye Zosterops stenocricotus Waldbrillenvogel Anteojitos do Bosque
Sao Tome White-eye@ Zosterops feae Sao Tome-Brillenvogel Anteojitos do Sao Tome
Sunda White-eye@ Zosterops melanurus Sundabrillenvogel
Robust White-eye@+ Zosterops strenuus
Bougainville White-eye@ Zosterops hamlini Bougainville-Brillenvogel Anteojitos de Bougainville
Mbulu White-eye Zosterops mbuluensis
Mauritius Grey White-eye Zosterops mauritianus Mauritiusbrillenvogel Anteojitos del Mauricio
Marianne White-eye@+ Zosterops semiflavus Marianne-Brillenvogel Anteojitos de Marianne

Help with Searching

My work on birds is carried out in a huge database, where I can have all records open at once. However, converting details on over 10,000 species of birds at once into html is not possible, so the information in my database can be accessed via a search engine, or by going to a family group.

Here is some advice on searching. You may like to try the examples cited below to get experience with searching.

You can search on Scientific Name (for example, “Rallus longirostris”); or on English Name (for example, “Clapper Rail”); or on French Name “Râle gris”; or German Name (for example, “Klapperralle”); or Spanish Name (for example “Rascón Piquilargo”). You can search on only one of these at a time. If the search finds a unique match, it will display full details of the species. Note that some of the fields, which may contain large amounts of information, require you to click on a “Click to see full text” to view the information in a separate window.

If the search finds more than one match, it will display all species that match the search term. For example, if you type just “Rallus” against Scientific Name, the detail of all birds in the genus Rallus will be displayed. You are warned against typing a search term that will produce hundreds of records, such as “Flycatcher” under English Name, as the resulting list may overwhelm your computer’s memory.

If you enter a search term under English Synonym ( for example, “Little Cassowary”), if the search finds a unique match, it will display the details of the species to which this name relates (in this case “Dwarf Cassowary” Casuarius bennettii). If the search term finds more than one match among English Synonyms, it will display all species that have a match with the search term ( for example, try just “Cassowary”. This will list all species that have an English synonym that includes the word “Cassowary”.)

You can also search by Scientific Synonym. For example, if you type “Scolopax obscura”, the following record will be displayed:
Scolopax obscura S.G.Gmelin,1784,Reise durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey Reiche,3,p.90,pl.17. (Shore of Caspian Sea). (= R.a.aquaticus)

The search may retrieve more than one record. For example, if you search for “Rallus gularis”, you will get both the following records:
Rallus gularis Horsfield,1821,Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London,13,pt.1,p.196.(Java.), which is the basis of Gallirallus striatus gularis; and
Rallus gularis Lesson(ex Cuvier MS),”1831”,Traité d'Ornithologie(1830),p.536. (Madagascar). Not Rallus gularis of Horsfield,1821. (= D.c.cuvieri), which is a synonym, though not available because it is pre-occupied, of Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri.

Of course if you use a single word as a search term, such as “Hypotaenidia”, your search will produce all synonyms containing this term.

You should be aware that I have reproduced exactly the name as it was cited by the original author. For example, Gallirallus was originally proposed by Lafresnaye,1841 as “Galli-rallus”. And the ligature “æ” was widely used before the twentieth century, as in “Anser cærulescens Bonnaterre,1790”.
I am in the process of going through my file and replacing all instances of spelling which deviate from the modern spelling with, for example, “Gallirallus [as Galli-rallus] Lafresnaye,1841”.
Another problem is that where a citation has abbreviated the name, the abbreviated portions of the name are reproduced in brackets. For example, in G. R. Gray, 1844-49, the genus was abbreviated to the first letter; thus we find C[achinna] herpetotheres.

If you enter a term under Generic Name, if a unique match is found, it should display a single record. For example, if you enter “Rallus”, the following will be displayed:
Rallus Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae....editio decima,tom.1,pars 1,p.153.Type,by subsequent designation (Fleming,1821,Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society,3,p.176.),Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus,1758.

Note that this is case-sensitive, for example if you type Rallus, the citation for “Gallirallus” will not be displayed, nor that for “Laterallus”.

Since my checklist is extensively annotated, this search will also display any notes that apply to a generic name. For example, if you searched for “Lyrurus”, the following will be produced:
Lyrurus Swainson,”1831”,in Swainson & Richardson,Fauna Boreali-Americana,2(1832),p.497.Type,by original designation,Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus,1758.
Note!:Madge & McGowan,2002,Pheasants,Partridges and Grouse,p.368 resurrect Lyrurus as a genus:"Though often absorbed within Tetrao,the two species of black grouse form a distinctive pair...both Lyrurus have quite ornate,peculiarly twisted tails and
(ctd!) indulge in communal lekking, which differs considerably from the often solitary "popping" of forest-living capercaillies."

Searching for a Subgeneric name is similar. For example, if you enter “Tricholimnas”, you will get:
Tricholimnas Sharpe,1893,Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club,1,p.28.Type,by original designation,Tricholimnas lafresnayanus (Verreaux) = Gallirallus lafresnayanus J. Verreaux & Des Murs,1860.
And as is usual with subgeneric names, a following note:
Note>:Tricholimnas contains only G.lafresnayanus.

Finally, you can search on Generic or Subgeneric Synonym. If you type “Nesolimnas”, you will get:
Nesolimnas Andrews,1896,Novitates Zoologicae,3,pp.260,266.Type,by monotypy,Rallus dieffenbachii G.R.Gray,1843. (= Hypotaenidea)
The entry on brackets indicates that this is a synonym of the subgeneric name Hypotaenidea.

Note that such searches will not infrequently produce more than one result. This will include cases where a name was originally cited as a Nomen nudum (that is, no type species was designated), and later cited with a valid type species. It will also include cases of Homonyms, where the later name will be marked “Not….”.

If you have any further queries, please email jpenhall@bigpond.net.au