Family List

An important contribution to the study of the Non-Passerine portion of this family list is the following study: S. J. Hacket, R. T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R. C. K. Bowie, E. L. Braun, M. J. Braun, J. L. Chojnowski, W. A. Cox, Kin-Han Lan, J. Harshman, C. J. Huddlestone, B. D. Marks, K .J. Miglia, W. S. Moore, F. H. Sheldon, D. W. Steadman, C. J. Witt and T.Yuri (2008) A phylogenetic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science 320, 1763. This study examined ~32 kilobases of aligned nuclear DNA sequences from 19 independent nuclear loci located on 15 different chromosomes in the chicken genome with introns (74%), coding exons(23%) and untranslated regions(3%).This represented 169 species, representing all major extant groups. The study recovered a robust phylogeny supported by multiple methods.

Many of the features of this analysis have survived in all subsequent analyses. The largest clade in Neoaves was a well supported land bird clade that contained all the Passeriformes, plus several morphologically diverse orders: Piciformes (woodpeckers and Allies), Falconiformes (hawks and falcons), Strigiformes (owls), Coraciiformes (kingfishers, hornbills, (rollers and allies), Psittaciformes (parrots), Coliiformes (mousebirds), and Trogoniformes (trogons). Surprisingly, all studies confirmed that the closest order to the Passeriformes was the Psittaciformes, with Falconidae (falcons) sister to this clade. Sister to the land birds mentioned so far are the Charadriiformes (shorebirds, gulls and alcids).

Quite separate is a water bird clade, including members of the Pelecaniformes (totipalmate birds), Ciconiiformes (storks and allies), Procellariiformes (tube-nosed birds), Sphenisciformes (penguins), and Gaviiformes (loons). Basal to the water birds are two clades of terrestrial and arboreal taxa: Musophagiformes (turacos), and a clade including core Gruiformes (rails, cranes and allies), Cuculiformes (cuckoos) and Otitidae (bustards). Apodiformes (swifts and hummingbirds) form part of a Caprimulgiformes (nightjars and clade); and Piciformes (woodpeckers, barbets and Honeyguides) form part of a Coraciiformes clade.

This study contradicted that claim in Sibley & Monroe (1990) that the Cathartidae (New World vultures) formed part of the Ciconiidae. Instead, the Cathartidae were consistently placed within the land birds, usually with the Accipitridae. Turnix (buttonquails) belongs within the Charadriiformes; and Podicipediformes (grebes) and Phoenicopteriformes (flamingoes) are sister taxa. A sister relationship was recovered between Rhynchetos (kagu) and Eurypyga (sunbittern).

The broad structure of the study suggested diversification along general ecological divisions, such as water birds, shorebirds and land birds. But adaptations to these environments clearly arose several times, because many aquatic birds were not part of the water bird clade (e.g. tropicbirds, flamingoes and grebes) and terrestrial birds were found outside the land bird clade (e.g. turacos, doves, sandgrouse and cuckoos). The study also revealed that several distinctive niches, such as nocturnal (owls, nightjars and allies), raptorial (falcons, hawks, eagles, New World vultures, seriema and owls) or pelagic (tube-nosed birds, frigatebirds and tropicbirds) lifetyles have evolved multiple times. The results of the study also reveal surprising evolutions of various adaptations (e.g. the diurnal Apodiformes evolved from the nocturnal/crepuscular Caprimulgiformes; and the flighted Tinamidae arose within the flightless Struthioniformes.

Significant changes to the analysis proposed by Hacket et al. (2008) have been made in the following paper: Yuri, T., Kimball, R. T., Harshman, J., Bowie, R.C.K., Brown, M. J., Chojnowski, J. L., Han. K-L., Hackett, S. J., Huddleston, C.J., Moore, W. S., Reddy, S., Sheldon, F. H., Steadman, D. W., Witt, C.C. and Braun, E.L. (2013) Parsimony and model-based analysis of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals. Biology, 2: 419-444. They stated: Here, we report analyses of 12,030 gap characters from an alignment of avian nuclear genes.

In this family list. I basically follow the higher categories and family list for non-passerines put forward in Yuri et al. 2013.

I have also used a paper dealing with the higher level analysis of the passeriformes, namely, K. A. Jønsson and J. Fjeldså (2006) A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds (Aves Passeri). Zoologica Scripta 35,no.2,pp.149-186. This recognises that the oscine passeriformes are made up of four parvorders or superfamilies: Corvida; Passeroidea; Muscicapoidea and Sylvioidea. This paper is very important because if its clades are accurate, they will require reanalysis of many families and many genera.

Several important papers since then have added significant modifications: the superfamily Bombycilloidea has been added: see Fuchs J, Irestedt M, Fjeldså J, Couloux A, Pasquet E & Bowie RCK (2012) Molecular phylogeny of African bush-shrikes and allies: tracing the biogeographic history of an explosive radiation of corvoid birds. Mol. Phyl. Evol. 64: 93-105; and Zuccon D, Prys-Jones R, Rasmussen PC & Ericson PCP (2012) The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae). Mol. Phyl. Evol. 62,no.2:581-596 (Doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.002). More recently still, several papers have clarified the issue of families within the Sylvoidea: notably Fregin, S, Haase, M, Olsson, U & Alström, P. (2012) New insights into family relationships within the avian superfamily Sylvioidea (Passeriformes) based on seven molecular markers. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 12, 157. (doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-157).

I have also drawn on a paper by Ohlson, J., Fjeldså, J. & Ericson, P.G.P. (2008) Tyrant Flycatchers coming out into the open: phylogeny and ecological radiation of Tyrnnidae (Aves Passeriiformes). Zoologica Scripta 37, no.3: 315-335. This both analysed the Tyrnnidae in terms of five subfamilies: Pipromorphinae,Elaeniinae, Myarchinae, Tyranninae and Fluvicolinae, but also proposed a new sequence for Tyrannid genera. Tello, J.G., Moyle,R.G., Marchese, D.J. & Cracraft, J. (2009) Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the tyrant flycatchers, cotingas, manakins and their allies. Cladistics 29:429-467 also proposed the recognition of an additional subfamily: Hirundineinae, which corresponds to clade G in Figure 2 of the paper by Olson et al. (2008)

However, I have decided to modify the higher level structure of the Passerines on the basis of a paper Christidis & Norman (2010) Evolution of the Australasian songbird fauna Emu 110: 21-31. For other papers I have used, please check the New 2013 Famiy List document.

Finally, I must express my deepest gratitude to John Boyd, for information available on his website: Taxonomy in Flux. I urge people to consult this website for the most up-to-date account of avian taxonomy. Quite frankly, it is far ahead of Gill’s Worldbirdnames.

NewFamilyName
STRUTHIONIDAE:Ostriches
RHEIDAE:Rheas
CASUARIIDAE:Cassowaries
DROMICEIDAE:Emus
APTERYGIDAE:Kiwis
TINAMIDAE,Tinaminae:Forest Tinamous
TINAMIDAE,Rhynchotinae:Steppe Tinamous
DIOMEDEIDAE:Albatrosses
PROCELLARIIDAE,Fulmarinae:Fulmars
PROCELLARIIDAE,Pterodrominae:Gadfly Petrels
PROCELLARIIDAE,Puffininae:Shearwaters
PROCELLARIIDAE,Pachyptilinae:Prions
PROCELLARIIDAE,Procellariinae:Procellarine Petrels
OCEANITIDAE:Southern Storm-Petrels
HYDROBATIDAE:Northern Storm-Petrels
PELECANOIDIDAE:Diving-Petrels
SPHENISCIDAE:Penguins
GAVIIDAE: Loons
PODICIPEDIDAE:Grebes
PHAETHONTIDAE:Tropicbirds
FREGATIDAE:Frigatebirds
PHALACROCORACIDAE:Cormorants
ANHINGIDAE:Darters
SULIDAE:Boobies,Gannets
PELECANIDAE:Pelicans
ARDEIDAE:Herons,Egrets and Bitterns
SCOPIDAE:Hammerkop
CICONIIDAE:Storks
BALAENICIPITIDAE:Shoebill
THRESKIORNITHIDAE,Eudociminae:Eudocimine Ibises
THRESKIORNITHIDAE,Threskiornithinae:Threskiornine Ibises and Spoonbills
PHOENICOPTERIDAE:Flamingos
CATHARTIDAE:New World Vultures
ACCIPITRIDAE,Harpiinae:Harpy-Eagles and Allies
ACCIPITRIDAE,Elaninae:Elanine Kites
ACCIPITRIDAE,Harpaginae:Harpagus
ACCIPITRIDAE,Buteoninae:Buteos and Allies
ACCIPITRIDAE,Perninae:Bazas and Honey-Buzzards
ACCIPITRIDAE,Milvinae:Haliastur and Milvus
ACCIPITRIDAE:Haliaeetinae:Sea- and Fish-Eagles
ACCIPITRIDAE,Gypaetinae:Gypaetine Vultures
ACCIPITRIDAE,Gypinae:Gypinine Vultures
ACCIPITRIDAE,Circaetinae:Serpent-Eagles
ACCIPITRIDAE,Polyboridinae:Harrier-Hawks
ACCIPITRIDAE,Asturinae,Circaetini:Harriers
ACCIPITRIDAE,Melieraxinae:Melierax,Urotriorchis and Micronisus
ACCIPITRIDAE,Melieraxinaa:Melierax, Urotriorchis and Micronisus
ACCIPITRIDAE,Lophospizinae:Crested and Sulawesi Goshawks
ACCIPITRIDAE,Tachypizinae:Tachyspiza Hawks
ACCIPITRIDAE,Hieraspizinae:Tiny and Collared Hawks
ACCIPITRIDAE,Accipitrinae:Accipiter Hawks
ACCIPITRIDAE,Asturinae,Asturini:Astur Hawks
ACCIPITRIDAE,Melieraxinae:Melierax, Urotriorchis and Micronisus
ACCIPITRIDAE,Kaupifalconinae:Lizard Buzzard
ACCIPITRIDAE,Aquilinae:Eagles
SAGITTARIIDAE:Secretarybird
FALCONIDAE,Caracarinae:Caracaras
FALCONIDAE,Herpetotherinae:Forest-Falcons
FALCONIDAE,Falconinae:Falcons
ANSERANATIDAE:Magpie-Goose
ANATIDAE,Dendrocyngninae:Whistling-Ducks
ANATIDAE,Anserinae,Anserini:Geese and Swans
ANATIDAE,Stictonettinae:Freckled Duck
ANATIDAE,Plectropterinae:Spur-winged Goose
ANATIDAE,Anatinae,Cairinini: Perching Ducks
ANATIDAE,Anserinae,Nettapini:Pygmy Geese
ANATIDAE,Anatinae,Callonettini:Ringed Teal
ANATIDAE,Anatinae,Tadornini:Shelducks and Scheldgeese
ANATIDAE,Anatinae,Anatini: Dabbling Ducks
ANATIDAE,Anserinae,Anserini:,Geese and Swans
ANATIDAE,Anatinae,Aythiini:Diving Ducks
ANATIDAE,Anatinae,Mergini:Sea-Ducks
ANATIDAE,Anserinae,Oxyurini:Stiff-tailed Ducks
ANATIDAE,Anserinae,Biziurini:Musk Duck
ANHIMIDAE:Screamers
MEGAPODIIDAE:Megapodes
CRACIDAE,Cracinae,Cracini:Curassows
CRACIDAE,Cracinae,Ortalidaini:Chachalacas
CRACIDAE,Penelopinae:Guans
CRACIDAE,Oreophasinae:Horned Guan
PHASIANIDAE.Phasianinae,Tetraonini:Grouse
ODONTOPHORIDAE:New World Quails
PHASIANIDAE,Rollulinae:Asiatic Patridges
PHASIANIDAE,Gallinae:Junglefowl,Francolins
PHASIANIDAE,Tetraogallinae:Old World Partridges,Quail and Spurfowl
PHASIANIDAE.Phasianae,Ithaginini:Blood Pheasant
PHASIANIDAE.Phasianae,Lophophorini:Monals and Tragopans
PHASIANIDAE,Phasianinae,Phasianini:Pheasants,Perdix Partridges
PHASIANIDAE,Polyplectroninae:Peacock-Pheasants
PHASIANIDAE,Argusianinae:Argus Pheasants
PHASIANIDAE,Pavoninae:Peacocks
NUMIDIDAE:Guineafowl
PHASIANIDAE,Phasianinae,Meleagrini:Turkeys
OPISTHOCOMIDAE:Hoazin
MESITORNITHIDAE:Mesites
TURNICIDAE:Buttonquails
PEDIONOMIDAE:Plains-wanderer
GRUIDAE:Cranes
ARAMIDAE:Limpkin
PSOPHIIDAE:Trumpeters
SAROTHRURIDAE:Flufftails and Rallicula Rails
RALLIDAE:Rails, Crakes and Coots
HELIORNITHIDAE:Finfoots
RHYNOCHETIDAE:Kagu
EURYPIGIDAE:Sunbittern
CARIAMIDAE:Seriemas
OTIDIDAE:Bustards
JACANIDAE:Jacanas
ROSTRATULIDAE:Painted-snipes
HAEMATOPODIDAE:Oystercatchers
CHARADRIIDAE:Plovers and Dotterels
PLUVIALIDAE:Golden Plovers
PLUVIANELLIDAE:Magellanic Plover
SCOLOPACIDAE,Numeniinae:Curlews
SCOLOPACIDAE,Limosinae,:Godwits
SCOLOPACIDAE,Tringinae:Phalaropes and Shanks
SCOLOPACIDAE,Arenariinae:Turnstones and Stints
SCOLOPACIDAE,Scolopacinae:Dowitchers,Snipes and Woodcocks
IBIDORHYNCHIDAE:Ibisbill
RECURVIROSTRIDAE:Stilts and Avocets
DROMADIDAE:Crab Plover
BURHINIDAE:Stone Curlews and Thickknees
PLUVIANIDAE:Egyptian Plover
GLAREOLIDAE:Coursers and Pratincoles
THINOCORIDAE:Seedsnipes
CHIONIDAE:Sheathbills
STERCORARIIDAE:Skuas
LARIDAE,Larinae:Gulls
LARIDAE,Sterninae:Terns
LARIDAE,Anoinae:Noddies
LARIDAE,Gyginae:White Tern
LARIDAE,Rynchopinae:Skimmers
ALCIDAE:Auks
PTEROCLIDIDAE:Sandgrouse
COLUMBIDAE,Raphinae,Raphini:Crowned-Pigeons,Dodos and Allies
COLUMBIDAE,Raphinae,Treronini:Green-Pigeons
COLUMBIDAE,Raphinae,Ptilinopini;Fruit-Doves and Imperial-Pigeons
COLUMBIDAE,Columbinae,Columbini:Cuckoo-Doves,Patagioenas,Streptopelia and Columba
COLUMBIDAE,Columbinae,Peristerini:American Ground-Doves
COLUMBIDAE,Raphinae,Turturini:Wood-Doves and Allies
COLUMBIDAE,Raphinae,Phabini:Australasian Doves and Pigeons
COLUMBIDAE,Columbinae,Zenaidini:New World Pigeons
STRIGOPIDAE:New Zealand Parrots
PSITTACIDAE,Psittaculinae,Loriini:Lories
PSITTACIDAE,Psittaculinae,Platycercini:Rosellas and Allies
PSITTACIDAE,Psittulinae,Psittaculini:Psittacula Parakeets and Allies
CACATUIDAE:Cockatoos
PSITTACIDAE,Arinae,Arini:Conures and Macaws
PSITTACIDAE,Arinae,Brotogerini:Brotogeris Parakeets
PSITTACIDAE,Arinae,Forpini:Forpus Parrotlets
PSITTACIDAE,Arinae,Bolborhynchini:Neotropical Parrotlets
PSITTACIDAE,Psittacinae,Amazonini:Amazon Parrots and Allies
PSITTACIDAE,Arinae,Amazonini:Amazon Parrots and Allies
PSITTACIDAE,Psittacinae:Afrotropical Parrots
PSITTACIDAE,Psittullinae,Psittacellini:Tiger-Parrots
PSITTACIDAE,Psittullinae,Agapornini:Love-birds and Allies
PSITTACIDAE,Psittaculinae,Pezoporini:Ground and Night Parrots
MUSOPHAGIDAE,Musophaginae:Turacos
MUSOPHAGIDAE,Corythaeolinae:Great Blue Turaco
MUSOPHAGIDAE,Criniferinae:Go-away-birds and Plantain-eaters
CUCULIDAE,Cuculinae,Cuculini:Old World Parasitic Cuckoos
CUCULIDAE,Cuculinae,Phaenicophaeini:Malkohas,Clamator and American Cuckoos
CUCULIDAE,Cuculinae,Rhinorthini:Raffles Malkoha
CUCULIDAE,Crotophaginae:Anis
CUCULIDAE,Neomorphinae:Ground-Cuckoos and Roadrunners
CUCULIDAE,Couinae:Couas and Allies
CUCULIDAE,Centropodinae:Coucals
CUCULIDAE:Cuckoos and allies
TYTONIDAE,Phodilinae:Bay Owls
STRIGIDAE,Striginae,Otinini:Scops-Owls
STRIGIDAE,Striginae,Psiloscopini:Flammulated Owl
STRIGIDAE,Striginae,Megascopini:Screech-Owls
STRIGIDAE,Striginae,Strigini:Wood-Owls
STRIGIDAE,Striginae,Pulsatrigini:Pulsatrix and Lophotrix
STRIGIDAE,Striginae,Bubonini:Eagle Owls (Bubo)
STRIGIDAE,Surniinae,Surnini:Owlets and Pygmy-Owls
STRIGIDAE,Ninoxinae:Hawk-Owls (Ninox,Uroglaux and Sceloglaux)
STRIGIDAE,Surniinae,Athenini:Athene and Micrathene
STRIGIDAE,Striginae,Asionini:Eared Owls
STRIGIDAE,Surniinae,Nyctalini:Aegolius
STEATORNITHIDAE:Oilbird
PODARDIGAE:Frogmouths
NYCTIBIIDAE:Potoos
AEGOTHELIDAE:Owlet-Nightjars
CAPRIMULGIDAE:Nightjars
CAPRIMULGIDAE:Nightars
APODIDAE,Apodinae,Collocalini:Swiftlets
APODIDAE,Cypseloidinae:Primitive American Swifts
APODIDAE,Apodinae,Chaeturini:Needletails
APODIDAE:Swifts
APODIDAE,Apodinae,Apodini:Typical Swifts
HEMIPROCNIDAE:Treeswifts
TROCHILIDAE,Phaethornithinae:Hermits and Allies
TROCHILIDAE,Florisuginae:Jacobins and Topazes
TROCHILIDAE,Trochilinae,Polytmini:Mangoes and Allies
TROCHILIDAE,Trochilinae,Lesbiini:Sun-Angels,Thorntails,Hillstars,Coquettes and Allies
TROCHILIDAE,Trochilinae,Lampornini:Mountain-Gems,Starthroats and Allies
TROCHILIDAE,Trochilinae,Patagonini:Giant Hummingbird
TROCHILIDAE,Trochilinae,Coeligenini:Pufflegs,Sunbeams,Starfrontlets.Brilliants and Allies
TROCHILIDAE,Trochilinae,Coeligenini:Pufflegs,Sunbeams,Starfrontlets and Brilliants
TROCHILIDAE,Trochilinae,Mellisugini:Woodstars,Sheartails and Allies
COLIIDAE:Mousebirds
ALCEDINIDAE,Cerylinae:Water Kingfishers
ALCEDINIDAE,Alcedinidinae:River Kingfishers
ALCEDINIDAE,Halcyoninae:Tree Kingfishers
TODIDAE:Todies
MOMOTIDAE:Motmots
MEROPIDAE:Bee-eaters
LEPTOSOMIDAE:Cuckoo Roller
BRACHYPTERACIIDAE:Ground-Rollers
CORACIIDAE:Rollers
UPIPIDAE:Hoopoes
PHOENICULIDAE:Woodhoopoes
BUCEROTIDAE:Hornbills
BUCORVIDAE:Ground-Hornbills
GALBULIDAE:Jacamars
BUCCONIDAE:Puffbirds
CAPITONIDAE:New World Barbets
SEMNORNITHIDAE:Toucan-Barbets
MEGALAIMIDAE:Asian Barbets
LYBIIDAE:African Barbets and Tinkerbirds
INDICATORIDAE:Honeyguides
PICIDAE,Jinginae:Wrynecks
PICIDAE,Picumninae:Piculets
PICIDAE,Nesoctitinae:Antillean Piculet
PICIDAE,Picinae,Picini:Picus Woodpeckers and Allies
PICIDAE,Picinae,Melanerpini:Melanerpes Woodpeckers and Allies
PICIDAE,Picini,Melanerpini:Melanerpes Woodpeckers and Allies
PICIDAE,Picinae,Hemicircini:Grey-and-Buff and Heart-spotted Woodpeckers
PICIDAE,Picinae,Chrysocolaptini:Blythipicus,Reinwardtipicus and Chrysocolaptes
PICIDAE,Picinae,Campephilini:Campephilus Woodpeckers
CALYPTOMENIDAE:Calyptomenid Broadbills
DENDROCOLAPTIDAE,Sittasominae:Intermediate Woodcreepers
DENDROCOLAPTIDAE,Dendrocolaptinae:Strong-billed Woodcreepers
FURNARIIDAE,Berlepschinae:Point-tailed Palmcreeper
XENOPIDAE:Xenops
THAMNOPHILIDAE,Myrmornithinae:Myrmornithine Antbirds
THAMNOPHILIDAE,Thamnophilinae,Microrhopini:Microrhopine Antibirds
THAMNOPHILIDAE,Euchrepomidinae:Euchrepomid Antwrens
THAMNOPHILIDAE,Thamnophilinae,Microrhopini:Microrhopine Antbirds
FORMICARIIDAE:Antthrushes
THAMNOPHILIDAE,Thamnophilae,Pithyini:White-plumed Antbird and Allies
THAMNOPHILIDAE,Myrmornithinae:Myrmorthine Antbirds
GRALLARIIDAE:Antpittas
CONOPOPHAGIDAE:Gnateaters
MELANOPAREIIDAE:Crescent-chests
TACHURIDIDAE:Many-coloured Rush-Tyrant
RHYNCHOCYCLIDAE,Pipromorphinae:Piromorphine Flycatchers
TYRANNIDAE,Fluvicolinae:sedis mutabilis
TYRANNIDAE,Muscigrallinae:Short-tailed Field Tryant
TYRANNIDAE,Tyranninae,Attilini:Attilas and Allies
SAPAYOIDAE:Sapayoa
PIPRITIDAE:Piprites flycatchers
PIPRIDAE:Piprinae:Typical Manakins(sedis mutablis)
PIPRIDAE,Neopelminae:Tyrant-Manakins
PIPRIDAE:Piprinae:Typical Manakins
COTINGIDAE,Pipreolinae:Fruiteaters
OXYRUNCIDAE:Sharpbill
PITTIDAE:Pittas
PHILEPITTIDAE:Asities
ACANTHISITTIDAE:New Zealand Wrens
MENURIDAE:Lyrebirds
ATRICHORNITHIDAE:Scrub-birds
ALAUDIDAE:Larks
HIRUNDINIDAE,Pseudochelidoninae:River Martins
HIRUNDINIDAE:Hirundininae,Prognini:Martins and Non-Hirundine Swallows
HIRUNDINIDAE:Hirundininae,Psalidoprocnini:Sawwings and Allies
HIRUNDINIDAE:Hirundininae,Prognini:Martins and Non-Hirundine Swallows HI
HIRUNDINIDAE:Hirundininae,Hirundinini:Hirundo Swallows and Allies
HIRUNDINIDAE:Hirundininae,Psalidoprocnini:Sawwings and Allies
PYCNONOTIDAE,Crinigerinae:African Bubuls and Greenbuls
BERNIERIDAE:Malagasy Warblers
NICATORIDAE:Nicators
PYCNONOTIDAE,Pycnonotinae:Asian Bulbuls
PYCNONOTIDAE,Crinigeriniae:African Bubuls and Greenbuls
VANGIDAE:Vangas
AEGITHINIDAE:Ioras
CHLOROPSEIDAE:Leaf-birds
IRENIDAE:Fairy-Bluebirds
PRIONOPIDAE:Helmetshrikes
MALACONOTIDAE:Bushshrikes
PITYRIASIDAE:Bristlehead
BOMBYCILLIDAE:Waxwings
PTILOGONATIDAE:Silky Flycatchers
HYPOCOLIIDAE:Hypocolius and Hylocitrea
DULIDAE:Palmchat
CINCLIDAE:Dippers
TROGLODYTIDAE,Salpinctinae:Rock Wren and Allies
TROGLODYTIDAE,Thryothorinae:Carolina Wren and Allies
TROGLODYTIDAE,Troglodytinae:Northern House-Wren and Allies
MIMIDAE:Mockingbirds and Thrashers
DONACOBIIDAE:Black-capped Donacobius
PRUNELLIDAE:Accentors
ZELEDONIIDAE:Wrenthrush
MUSCICAPIDAE,Saxicolinae,Incertae Sedis (Humblotia,Namibornis and Pinarornis)
CHAETOPIDAE:Rockjumpers
PETROICIDAE,Eopsaltrinae,Drymodini:Australasian Scrub-Robins
MUSCICAPIDAE,Saxicolinae,Lusciini:Nightingales and Allies
MUSCICAPIDAE,Saxicolinae,Myiomelini:Bluethroat,Bush-Robins and Allies
MUSCICAPIDAE,Cossyphinae:African Robins
MUSCICAPIDAE,Muscicapinae,Alethini:True Alethes
MUSCICAPIDAE,Saxicolinae,Saxicolini:Bushchats and Stonechats
MUSCICAPIDAE,Saxicolinae,Oenanthini:Chats and Wheatears
MUSCICAPIDAE,Saxicolinae,Phoenicurini:Redstarts
MUSCICAPIDAE,Muscicapinae,Copsychini:Scrub-Robins,Magpie-Robins and Shamas
MUSCICAPIDAE,Saxicolinae,Monticolini:Rock-Thrushes
MUSCICAPIDAE,Saxicolinae,Enicurini:Forktails and Whistling-Thrushes
PETROICIDAE,Amalocichlinae:New Guinea Ground-Robins
TURDIDAE:Thrushes
ORTHONYCHIDAE:Logrunners
PSOPHIDAE:Whipbirds and Jewel-babblers
CINCLOSOMATIDAE:Quailthrush
EUPETIDAE:Malaysian Rail-Babbler
MELAMPITTIDAE:Melampittas
MONARCHIDAE,Ifritinae:Ifrit
PELLORNIIDAE:Fulvettas(Schoeniparus) and Ground Babblers
MUSCICAPIDAE,Saxicolinae,Brachypterygiini:Shortwings and Allies
POMATOSTOMIDAE:Australasian Babblers
CISTICOLIDAE,Neomixinae:Madagascan Jeries
TIMALIIDAE:Babblers and Scimitar-Babblers
TIMALIIIDAE:Babblers and Scimitar-Babblers
VIREONIDAE:Vireos,Greenlets,Shrike-Vireos,Peppershrikes,Erpornis and Pteruthius
LEIOTHRICHIDAE:Fulvettas (Alcippe),Laughingthrushes and Allies
PARADOXORNITHIDAE:Parrotbills,Fulvettas (Lioparus and Fulvetta) and Allies
SYLVIIDAE:Sylviid Warblers
ZOSTEROPIDAE:White-eyes and Allies
LOCUSTELLIDAE:Grassbirds and Allies
PANURIDAE:Bearded Reedling
PARADOXORNITHIDAE:Parrotbills,Fulvettas (Lioparus and Fulvetta) and AlliePARADOXORNITHIDA
PICATHARTIDAE:Picathartes
POLIOPTILIDAE:Gnatcatchers and Gnatwrens
ACROCEPHALIDAE:Reed Warblers and Allies
SCOTOCERCIDAE:Streaked Scrub-Warbler
CISTICOLIDAE,Priniinae:Tailorbirds and Prinias
CISTICOLIDAE,Eremomelinae:Eremomelas and Allies
CISTICOLIDAE,Cisticolinae:Cisticolas and Allies
STENOSTYRIDAE:Fairy-Warblers
HYLIOTIDAE:Hyliotas
HYLIIDAE:Hylia and Tit-Hylia(Pholidornis)
PHYLLOSCOPIDAE:Leaf-Warblers
CETTIDAE:Cettia Bush-Warblers and Allies
REGULIDAE:Goldcrests,Kinglets
MUSCICAPIDAE,Niltavinae:Blue Flycatchers
MUSCICAPIDAE,Muscicapinae,Muscicapini:Old World Flycatchers
MUSCICAPIDAE,Saxicolinae,Ficedulini:Ficedula Flycatchers
MALURIDAE,Malurinae,Malurini:Australasian Fairywrens
MALURIDAE,Malurinae,Stipiturini:Australasian Emuwrens
MALURIDAE,Amytornithinae:Australasian Grasswrens
MALURIDAE,Amytornithinae:Australasian Grasswren
DASYORNITHIDAE:Bristlebirds
MOHOUIDAE:Mohouas
ERYTHROCERCIDAE:African Warblers of genus Erythrocercus
STENOSTYRIDAE:Fairy-Fantails
MONARCHIDAE,Terpsiphoninae:Paradise Flycatchers and Allies
MONARCHIDAE,Monarchinae:Monarch Flycatchers and Allies
MACHAEIRIRHYNCIDAE:Boatbills
RHIPIDURIDAE:Fantails
PETROICIDAE,Eopsaltrinae,Microecini:Australasian Flyrobins
PETROICIDAE,Petroicinae,Petroicini:Australasian Robins
PETROICIDAE,Eopsaltriinae,Eopsaltrini:Australasian Eopsaltrine Robins
PETROICIDAE,Petroicinae,Pachycephalopsini:New Guinea Robins
EULACESTOMIDAE:Wattled Plough-bill
FALCUNCULIDAE:Shriketits
PARDALOTIDAE:Pardalotes
PACHYCEPHALIDAE:Whistlers and Shrike-thrushes
AEGITHALIDAE:Long-tailed Tits
REMIZIDAE:Verdin and Penduline Tits
PARIDAE:Tits,Chickadees and Titmice
SITTIDAE:Sittinae:Nuthatches
NEOSITTIDAE:Sittellas
TICHODROMIDAE:Wallcreeper
CERTHIIDAE:Treecreepers
STURNIDAE,Graculinae,Rhabdornithini:Philippine Creepers
CLIMACTERIDAE:Australasian Treecreepers
DICAEIDAE:Flowerpeckers
PARAMYTHIIDAE:Berrypeckers (Paramythia and Oreocharis)
NECTARINIIDAE:Sunbirds
NECTARINIIDAE,Nectariniinae:Sunbirds
NECTARINIIDAE,Arachnotherinae:Spiderhunters
PASSERIDAE:Old World Sparrows,Snowfinches and Cinnamon Ibon
MELANOCHARITIDAE:Berrypeckers (Melanocharis) and Longbills
MELIPHAGIDAE,Meliphaginae:Honeyeaters,Wattlebirds,Miners
NOTIOMYSTIDAE:Stitchbird
MELIPHAGIDAE,Meliphaginae:Honeyeaters,Wattlebirds,Miners(incertae sedis)
MELIPHAGIDAE,Meliphaginae:Honeyeaters,Wattlebirds,Miners Incertae sedis
MELIPHAGIDAE:Incertae Sedis
MOHOIDAE:Hawaian Honeyeaters
MELIPHAGIDAE,Anthochaerinae:Spinebills
PROMEROPIDAE:Sugarbirds
EMBERIZIDAE:Buntings Emberiza (subgenus Fringillaria)
EMBERIZIDAE:Buntings Emberiza (subgenus Schoeniclus)
PASSERELLIDAE,Passerellini:Fox Sparrow,Juncos and Allies
PASSERELLIDAE,Ammodramini:Grasshopper Sparrow and Allies
PASSERELLIDAE,Spizellini:Field Sparrow and Allies
PASSERELLIDAE,Passerculini:Savannah Sparrow and Allies
THRAUPIDAE,Thraupinae,Cissopini:Magpie Tanager and Allies
THRAUPIDAE,Dacninae,Poospizini:Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finches and Allies
CARDINALIDAE:Cardinals,Ant-Tanagers,Tanagers(Piranga),Grosbeaks,Buntings(Cyanoloxia et al)
THRAUPIDAE,Dacninae,Diglossini:Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer and Allies
THRAUPIDAE,Thraupinae,Coerebini:Bananaquit and Allies
PASSERELLIDAE,Pipilonini:Towhees and Atlapetes Brushfinches and Allies
PASSERELLIDAE,Arremonini:Pectoral Sparrow and Allies
THRAUPIDAE,Saltatorinae:Saltators
NESOSPINGIDAE:Puerto Rican Tanager
PASERELLIDAE,Chlorospinginae:Brown-headed Bush-Tanager and Allies
PHAENICOPHILIDAE:Palm-Tanagers and Allies
CALOPTOPHILIDAE:Eastern and Western Chat-Tanagers
RHODINOCICHLIDAE:Rosy Thrush-Tanager
MITROSPINGIDAE:Dusky-faced Tanager and Allies
THRAUPIDAE,Thraupinae,Pipraeideini:Mountain-Tanagers
THRAUPIDAE,Dacninae,Tachyphonini:White-lined Tanager and Allies
SPINDALIDAE:Jamaican,HIspaniolan,Purto Rican and Western Spindalis
THRAUPIDAE,Thraupinae,Thraupini:Tangara Tanagers
FRINGILLIDAE,Euphoniinae:Euphonias and Chlorophonias
THRAUPIDAE,Dacninae,Conirostrini:Cinereous Conebill and Allies
PARULIDAE,Seiurinae:Ovenbird
PARULIDAE,Vermivorinae:Blue-winged Warbler and Allies
PARULIDAE,Helmitherinae:Worm-eating Warbler
TERETISTRIDAE:Yellow-headed and Oriente Warblers
PEUCEDRAMIDAE:Olive Finch
ICTERIIDAE,Icteriinae:Yellow-breasted Chat
ICTERIDAE,Cacicinae:Caciques and Oropendulas
ICTERIDAE,Icterinae:Orioles(Icterus)
ICTERIDAE,Agelaiinae:Blackbirds,Cowbirds and Grackles
ICTERIDAE,Sturnellinae:Meadowlarks
FRINGILLIDAE,Fringillinae:Chaffinches
FRINGILLIDAE,Carduleinae,Carduelini:Canaries,Siskins and Allies
FRINGILLIDAE,Carduleinae,Pyrhulinini:Bullfinches and Arid Zone Finches
FRINGILLIDAE,Carduleinae,Carpodacini:Rosefinches and Allies
FRINGILLIDAE,Carduleinae,Coccothraustini:Grosbeak Finches
ESTRILDIDAE,Lonchurinae:Parrotfinches,Australian Finches,Firetails,Munias,Mannikins
ESTRILDIDAE,Estrildinae:Avadavats,African Finches,Twinspots,Firefinches and Waxbills
VIDUIDAE:Indigobirds and Whydahs
PLOCEIDAE,Sporopipinae:Sporopipes Weavers,Queleas and Fodies and Allies
PLOCEIDAE,Ploceinae:Typical Weavers and Malimbes
VIDUIDAE:Widowbirds and Whydahs
STURNIDAE,Graculinae,Graculini:South Asian and Pacific StarlingsV
STURNIDAE,Sturninae,Onychognathini:Red-winged Starlings
STURNIDAE,Sturninae,Lamprotornini:African Starlings
STURNIDAE,Sturninae,Cinnyricinclini:Madagascan and Violet-backed Starling
STURNIDAE,Sturninae,Sturnini:Eurasian Starlings
STURNIDAE,Graculinae,Graculini:South Asian and Pacific Starlings
BUPHAGIDAE:Oxpeckers
ORIOLIDAE:Figbirds,Orioles and Turnagra
DICRURIDAE:Drongos
CALLAEIDAE:New Zealand Wattlebirds
CORCORACIDAE:Australian Mudnesters
ARTAMIDAE:Woodswallows
CNEMOPHILIDAE:Satinbirds
CORVIDAE,Cyanocoracinae:American Jays
CORVIDAE,Cissinae:Green and Blue Magpies
CORVIDAE,Perisoreinae:Northern Jays
CORVIDAE,Pyrrochoracinae:Choughs and Treepies
CORVIDAE,Corvinae:Crows and Palearctic Jays
TROCHILIDAE,Trochilinae,Trochilini:Emeralds and Allies
TROCHILIDAE:Hummingbirds
LANIIDAE:Shrikes
CARDINALIDAE:Cardinals,Ant-Tanagers,Tanagers(Piranga),Grosbeaks,Buntings(Cyanoloxia et al.
CRACIDAE:Guans,Chachalacas,Curassows
TYTONIDAE,Tytoninae:Barn Owls
EURYLAMIDAE:Eurylamid Broadbills
ACCIPITRIDAE,Haliaeetinae:Sea- and Fish-Eagles
PANDIONIDAE:Ospreys
PROCELLARIIDAE:Petrels,Shearwaters
RAMPHASTIDAE:Toucans,Aracaris and Toucanets
PARULIDAE,Geothlypinae:Common Yellowthroat and Allies
PARULIDAE,Basileuterinae:Golden-crowned Warbler and Allies
PARULIDAE,Parulinae:Parula Warbler and Allies
FRINGILLIDAE,Carduelinae,Drepanidini:Hawaiian Honeycreepers
MEGALAPTERYGIDAE:Moas
COLUMBIDAE:Pigeons and Doves
PARADISAEIDAE:Birds of Paradise and Manucodes